Daniel Backman "A VAST LABOR BUREAU": THE FREEDMEN'S BUREAU AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF COUNTERVAILING BLACK LABOR POWER 40 Yale Journal on Regulation 837 (Summer, 2023) For a few short years starting in 1865, the Freedmen's Bureau exercised regulatory power over labor markets in a fashion unprecedented in ambition, scope, and reach in U.S. history up to that point--and, arguably, since. The Bureau used its broad authority to construct, regulate, and coordinate labor in the post-slavery South according to a... 2023
Paul A. Gowder 2023 ENLUND SCHOLAR-IN-RESIDENCE LECTURE: THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMBITION OF BLACK LIBERATION 17 DePaul Journal for Social Justice 1 (Winter, 2023) The following essay is taken from the Enlund Scholar-in-Residence Lecture presented in April 2023 by Professor Paul Gowder. The Enlund Scholar-in-Residence Lecture, held yearly at the DePaul University College of Law, is named after the late E. Stanley Enlund, who established the program through a generous donation. Today, thirty-five years later,... 2023
Lauren Kingsbeck A HISTORY OF EXCLUSION: "FOR CAUSE" CHALLENGES AND BLACK JURORS 19 University of Saint Thomas Law Journal 654 (Spring, 2023) In the fall of 2021, many Americans were shocked to learn that the Georgia jury for the trial of three white men accused of murdering Ahmaud Arbery, a young Black man, consisted of eleven white jurors and only one Black juror. Even more shocking was the judge's admission that there appeared to be intentional discrimination in the panel after the... 2023
Natalie Kenny A MODERN JIM CROW: FELON DISENFRANCHISEMENT IN FLORIDA 54 Seton Hall Law Review 311 (2023) John Boyd Rivers eagerly cast his ballot in the 2020 presidential election for Donald Trump. His excitement was later squashed when he was arrested for voter fraud on the grounds that he was ineligible to vote. The 2020 presidential election was the first time that Rivers voted since the age of eighteen due to Florida's lifetime felon... 2023
Simone Drake , Katrina Lee , Kevin Passino , Hugo Gonzalez Villasanti A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO IMPROVING POLICE INTERACTIONS WITH BLACK CIVILIANS 38 Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution 717 (2023) I. Introduction II. Historical Overview A. Race and Policing B. Police Training III. Project Design A. Informed by a Multidisciplinary Team B. Software Development IV. Future Directions V. Conclusion Over-use of force by law enforcement officers in the United States persists, along with a resulting state of crisis in Black communities. Massive... 2023
Farhan Ahmed A PAIR OF GRANDPARENTS: A BLACK AND WHITE RELATIONSHIP WITH MY PATERNAL GRANDFATHER 47 Harbinger 53 (2/1/2023) In this piece, Ahmed describes his relationship with his paternal grandfather. I stepped inside the G train in downtown, Manhattan. The door shut behind me and, after a backward sway, the train took off. As the train left the station and entered into an obsidian tunnel, I glanced at an older couple and a toddler a few seats away. Extending his arms... 2023
Regina Ponder , National Coalition of 100 Black Women, Inc., Phoenix Metropolitan Chapter, Phoenix, AZ, USA, Email: A PROTECTED CLASS, AN UNPROTECTED CONDITION, AND A BIOMARKER--A METHOD/FORMULA FOR INCREASED DIVERSITY IN CLINICAL TRIALS FOR THE AFRICAN AMERICAN SUBJECT WITH BENIGN ETHNIC NEUTROPENIA (BEN) 49 American Journal of Law & Medicine 41 (2023) Expanding on previous industry guidance relative to increased clinical trial diversity, while honing more exacting treatments and better ways to fight diseases that have often disproportionately impacted people of color, is a topic being discussed by multidisciplinary public health experts across the nation. This writing draws attention to the... 2023
Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler ABORTION RIGHTS AND THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM: HOW DOBBS EXACERBATES EXISTING RACIAL INEQUITIES AND FURTHER TRAUMATIZES BLACK FAMILIES 51 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 575 (Fall, 2023) Keywords: Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health, Abortion Bans, Child Welfare System, Racial Inequities Abstract: This article explores how abortion bans in states with large Black populations will exacerbate existing racial inequities in those states' child welfare systems. In Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, the Supreme Court returned to... 2023
Rick Shrum ACBA'S BLACK HISTORY MONTH CELEBRATION TO BE HELD FEB. 28 25 Lawyers Journal 3 (2/10/2023) For the first time in three years, the Allegheny County Bar Association (ACBA) will go live with its Black History Month Celebration. The event, coordinated by the ACBA Homer S. Brown Division (HSBD), will begin at 5:30 p.m. Tuesday, February 28, at Olive or Twist restaurant in downtown Pittsburgh. We're back in person, said Kellie Ware, ACBA's... 2023
Kira Eidson ADDRESSING THE BLACK MORTALITY CRISIS IN THE WAKE OF DOBBS: A REPRODUCTIVE JUSTICE POLICY FRAMEWORK 24 Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law 929 (Spring, 2023) Black people who can become pregnant and give birth were dying from pregnancy-related causes at rates more than double the national average before the Supreme Court decided Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health, and the Dobbs decision is expected to make America's maternal mortality crisis worse. This Note discusses the expected effects of abortion... 2023
Hala Baradi ADVOCATING FOR ABOLITION IN HEALTH LAW: A THEORY AND PRAXIS TO LIBERATE BLACK INCARCERATED WOMEN 51 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 196 (Spring, 2023) Keywords: Health Law, Health Justice, Abolition, Reproductive Justice, Structural Determinant of Health Abstract: The prison-industrial complex has historically operated as a mechanism for social control generally and as a tool to restrict women's reproductive capacities specifically. Reproductive justice is a domain within the practice of health... 2023
Dorothy Couchman AFFIRMING AND SUPPORTING BLACK WOMEN'S LACTATION AGENCY AS REDRESS 60 San Diego Law Review 587 (August-September, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 588 II. Why Lactation as Redress?. 591 III. The Atrocity. 592 A. Lactation Abuse in Enslavement. 593 B. Lactation Denial During Jim Crow. 593 IV. The Harms of Lactation Agency Denial. 597 V. Atonement and Redress. 598 VI. Areas for Lactation Redress. 600 A. Lactation Agency in Perinatal Care. 600 B. Infant... 2023
Brandon Hasbrouck ALLOW ME TO TRANSFORM: A BLACK GUY'S GUIDE TO A NEW CONSTITUTION 121 Michigan Law Review 883 (April, 2023) Allow Me to Retort: a Black Guy's Guide to the Constitution. By Elie Mystal. New York: The New Press. 2022. Pp. 270. Cloth, $25.10; paper, $17.66. What happens to a dream deferred? --Langston Hughes Constitutional law seeps into our daily lives in America. Whether it's a state legislature taking another shot at undermining civil rights or a police... 2023
Lynn Patrick Ingram AMERICA'S FIRST BLACK PROSECUTING ATTORNEY 102-AUG Michigan Bar Journal 14 (July/August, 2023) Some stories are meant to be told. This is one of them. Late one Friday, author Nancy Vogl was doing research on Idlewild, Michigan, for a screenplay she was writing. About 10 minutes before the library closed, she stumbled upon a remarkable discovery. I opened a drawer in a file cabinet, and a file folder was sticking up that appeared to be... 2023
Legal Defense Fund AMICI CURIAE BRIEF OF THE NAACP LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATIONAL FUND, INC. AND THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS 4 North Carolina Civil Rights Law Review 43 (Fall, 2023) INTEREST OF AMICI CURIAE. 44 SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT. 45 ARGUMENT. 47 I. Petitioner's Reliance on Brown to Impose Race-Ignorant Admissions Contradicts the Context, Purpose, and Meaning Of That Transformative Decision. 47 A. Brown Did Not Espouse Petitioner's View of Colorblindness, Which Willfully Ignores Ongoing Racial Inequality.. 47 B. Brown and... 2023
DeShayla M. Strachan AMONG US: IMPOSTOR SYNDROME AND BARRIERS TO BLACK SUCCESS 29 Cardozo Journal of Equal Rights & Social Justice 319 (Winter, 2023) Black women are going places--but they're not going into the practice of law. While law schools are becoming more diverse, the legal profession is not. The lack of diversity in the legal profession, coupled with existing implicit bias, causes heightened Impostor Syndrome in women, especially Black women, as well as women from other underrepresented... 2023
Neena Albarus AN OVERVIEW OF THE ONGOING LEGACIES OF COLONIALISM IN CONTEMPORARY LEGAL SYSTEMS IN THE BLACK DIASPORA 23 Berkeley Journal of African-American Law & Policy 15 (2023) This perspective paper explores the ongoing legacies of colonialism in contemporary legal systems and policies in the Black Diaspora. Drawing on examples from Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America and the United States, this paper argues that colonial legal systems and policies continue to shape the legal and political landscape of these regions,... 2023
Donna Kaitlyn Smith ANALYSIS OF STATE-BY-STATE BLACK LUNG STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FROM A COAL MINER'S DAUGHTER 22 Appalachian Journal of Law 1 (2023) Keywords: Coal, Mining, Black Lung, STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS, Coal Miner As early as the 1840s, coal mining has been an industry that has provided energy for the country at a heavy price. This important commodity has come at the cost of coal miners' health, and in many cases, their lives. America's history of coal mine safety is gruesome to say the... 2023
Michael A. Patterson ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ISSUES: CHALLENGING THE BLACK BOX'S OPINION 70 Louisiana Bar Journal 258 (December, 2022/January, 2023) Artificial intelligence algorithms are making high-stakes decisions in many areas of our lives. They diagnose and treat patients. They decide which employee is recommended for promotion or termination. They decide if your credit qualifies you for a credit card or a mortgage. They decide who gets admitted to college. They predict whether attorneys... 2023
S. Sponte, Esq. BACK IN BLACK'S 45-AUG Pennsylvania Lawyer 64 (July/August, 2023) Editor's Note: We are pleased to provide you with another classic from the To Wit column vault. Back in Black's originally appeared in the May/June 2012 issue of The Pennsylvania Lawyer. From time to time my body reminds me that its absolute imperviousness to illness exists only in my mind. So I am now confined to home while I recover from both... 2023
Gabriel Jack Chin , Gregory Downs , Mary Louise Frampton , Beth Rose Middleton Manning , Beth Rose Middleton Manning, Charles Petersen, Charles Reichmann, Virginia Scharff, Stacey Smith, Hosts, Panelists BEYOND BLACK AND WHITE: TRANSCRIPT OF THE FREE PEOPLE OF COLOR SYMPOSIUM DISCUSSING CAMPUS APPROACHES TO RACE IN TWENTIETH CENTURY WEST COAST UNIVERSITIES AND A RACIAL JUSTICE AUDIT TEMPLATE FOR UNIVERSITIES 27 U.C. Davis Social Justice Law Review 75 (Summer, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Background from the Symposium Hosts. 76 Introduction by Dean Kevin Johnson. 80 Dr. Charles Petersen, Meritocracy and Exclusion at Stanford. 81 Questions for Dr. Charles Petersen. 84 Dr. Beth Rose Middleton Manning, Moments of Reckoning: Land Grab, Naming, and Community. 86 Questions for Dr. Beth Rose Middleton Manning. 90 Dr.... 2023
Michael Z. Green BLACK AND BLUE POLICE ARBITRATION REFORMS 84 Ohio State Law Journal 243 (2023) The racial justice protests that engulfed the country after seeing a video of the appalling killing of a Black male, George Floyd, by a Minnesota police officer in 2020 has led to a tremendous number of questions about dealing with racial issues in policing. Similar concerns arose a little more than fifty years ago when police unions gained power... 2023
Ayesha Bell Hardaway BLACK AND BLUE: THE INTRACTABLE PRESENCE OF RACE IN AMERICAN POLICING 73 Case Western Reserve Law Review 607 (Spring, 2023) The Racial Reckoning of 2020 ignited a national conversation about the myriad structural flaws in our policing systems. This was not the first time. Modern America has experienced several waves of national discussions about policing. The first sustained wave began during the 1950s and ran through the 1960s, with Black activists and their allies... 2023
Roy L. Brooks BLACK BOARDING ACADEMIES AS A PRUDENTIAL REPARATION: FINIS ORIGINE PENDET 13 Columbia Journal of Race and Law 790 (May, 2023) The past is never dead. It's not even past. - William Falkner, Requiem for a Nun 85 (1951) With billions of dollars pledged and trillions of dollars demanded to redress slavery and Jim Crow (Black Reparations) the question of how best to use these funds has moved into the forefront of the ongoing campaign for racial justice in our post-civil... 2023
Dylan Raymond BLACK BOX ALGORITHMS IN CAPITAL MARKETS: THE SINGULARITY EVENT WORTH PREVENTING 19 Rutgers Business Law Review 41 (Fall, 2023) This Article challenges the assumption that the union of artificial intelligence (AI) and trading algorithms is a positive-sum game for capital markets and posits that capital market integrity is at risk from particular machine learning (ML) algorithms. Algorithms are ubiquitous and necessary for the proper functioning of modern trading... 2023
Jenae' Anderson, Zenell Brown, Viola King BLACK FAMILIES OVERLOOKED, MISUNDERSTOOD, AND UNDERSERVED IN THE FAMILY COURTS 56 Family Law Quarterly 77 (2022-2023) Racial justice is critical to the American justice system and the mission to advance justice for all. As stakeholders examine efforts to create fairness in the justice system, it is imperative that internal standards and practices are critically examined. Implicit bias and racial inequality must be addressed before true justice reform can take... 2023
BeKura W. Shabazz , Lisa Sangoi BLACK FEMINIST THOUGHT GROUNDS AND CENTERS US: A REFLECTION BY TWO ACTIVISTS AND LEGAL WORKERS 34 Yale Journal of Law & Feminism 122 (2023) Working in and around the law for the past several years, we became acutely aware of--have felt in our bones--a certain paradox in the law: how legal resources and opportunities to shape the law are completely unavailable to the vast majority of people in the United States, and yet legal structures exert an enormous, tsunami-like force on those... 2023
Erica L. Laughlin, ACBA President BLACK HISTORY IS AMERICAN HISTORY 25 Lawyers Journal 3 (4/7/2023) I know what you're thinking. February was Black History Month. I didn't miss the memo. Black history is American history and the discussion shouldn't be limited to just one month. Beyond perhaps noticing the Black history display in Target last month, did you pay attention? Did you attend the Homer S. Brown Division's Black History Month... 2023
Kathryn G. Speckart BLACK LIVES MATTER AND THE PUSH FOR COLONIAL-ERA CULTURAL HERITAGE RESTITUTION 72 Catholic University Law Review 249 (Spring, 2023) The influence of the Black Lives Matter movement extends into U.S. museums in the form of calls for decolonization of collections comprised of art and artifacts from Africa and other colonized areas. As a result, the accompanying legal and ethical questions surrounding these artifacts now figure prominently in the museum industry. This Comment... 2023
Chaz Arnett BLACK LIVES MONITORED 69 UCLA Law Review 1384 (September, 2023) The police killing of George Floyd added fuel to the simmering flames of racial injustice in America following a string of similarly violent executions during a global pandemic that disproportionately ravaged the health and economic security of Black families and communities. The confluence of these painful realities exposed deep vulnerabilities... 2023
Sean Beienburg, Benjamin B. Johnson BLACK POPULAR CONSTITUTIONALISM AND FEDERALISM AFTER THE CIVIL RIGHTS CASES 65 Arizona Law Review 579 (Fall, 2023) In the widely criticized Civil Rights Cases (1883), the Supreme Court invoked federalism to overturn a national public accommodation law and spawned more than a century of commentary. Observing history through the lens of the Civil Rights Era, modern readers often assume that the federalism commitments in the Civil Rights Cases were thinly veiled... 2023
Charelle Lett BLACK WOMEN VICTIMS OF POLICE BRUTALITY AND THE SILENCING OF THEIR STORIES 30 UCLA Journal of Gender & Law 131 (Summer, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 132 I. Brief History of State Sanctioned Violence Against Black People in the United States. 132 A. Slave Patrols as the Foundation of Modern Policing. 132 B. The Lynching Period and Law Enforcement's Involvement. 134 C. Historical Account of the Criminalization of Black Activism. 136 1. Second Red Scare. 136 2.... 2023
Tierra Fulwood , Melba V. Pearson , Rachel A. Silverthorn BLACK, FEMALE & ELECTED 38-FALL Criminal Justice 14 (Fall, 2023) In the wake of recent high-profile cases, the role of the elected prosecutor has taken on new scrutiny and attention. The debate over criminal justice reform, including what reform should look like, continues to be a polarizing topic in many circles. One positive, however, is more diverse candidates putting their hats in the ring for the position... 2023
Matthew Ritchie BLACKBALLED? 109-MAR ABA Journal 46 (February/March, 2023) Accusations of systemic racism at the highest ranks of the NFL have plagued the league for decades. After the racial unrest of 2020, sports teams promoted their efforts to address problems through acts that proved more symbolic than effectual. But as is often the case, legal action rather than moral imperative is being used to try to effect change.... 2023
Sidney E. Holler BRAIDS, LOCS, AND BOSTOCK: TITLE VII'S ELUSIVE PROTECTIONS FOR LGBTQ+ AND BLACK WOMEN EMPLOYEES 26 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 223 (Winter, 2023) Whiteness and patriarchy frame our understanding of what it means to be and look professional. Workplace grooming and dress standards, inherently rooted in gender and racial stereotypes, often result in policies that place Black women employees at a unique disadvantage, particularly when it comes to hair. Black women who do not conform to... 2023
Deborah N. Archer, Vincent M. Southerland, Jason D. Williamson BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE NATIONAL BLACK LAW STUDENTS ASSOCIATION IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS 4 North Carolina Civil Rights Law Review 87 (Fall, 2023) INTEREST OF AMICI CURIAE. 88 SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT. 88 ARGUMENT. 91 I. Race-Conscious Admissions Programs Benefit the Larger Educational Community and Society as a Whole. 91 II. Race-Conscious Admissions Programs Are Not Harmful to the Professional Aspirations or the Personal Well-Being of Black Law Students. 92 III. Race-Conscious Admissions In... 2023
Kyle Ridgeway BROKEN PROMISES: THE CONTINUING DECLINE OF BLACK FARM OWNERS AND OPERATORS IN AMERICA 27 U.C. Davis Social Justice Law Review 50 (Winter, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 51 I. The Growth of Black Farm Ownership and the Rotten Roots of Decline. 53 II. Pigford and the Jim USDA Crow. 56 A. Pigford v. Glickman. 57 B. Pigford II: In re Black Farmers Discrimination Litigation. 60 III. The American Rescue Plan Act. 63 A. Section 1005: Farm Loan Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged... 2023
David Silverman BURYING THE BLACK BOX: AI IMAGE GENERATION PLATFORMS AS ARTISTS' TOOLS IN THE AGE OF GOOGLE v. ORACLE 76 Federal Communications Law Journal 115 (November, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 116 II. Background. 119 A. Copyright, Fair Use, and its Implications in Google. 119 1. The Key Factors of the Fair Use Doctrine. 121 2. Google v. Oracle Expands Application of Fair Use Doctrine on Technology. 122 3. Transformative Use and its Role in the Fair Use Analysis. 124 B. Artificial Intelligence Image... 2023
Jessica Robertson CALIFORNIA ASSEMBLY BILL 3121'S CLAIM FOR BLACK REDRESS: THE CASE FOR A STATE TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION AND HOUSING VOUCHERS 60 San Diego Law Review 513 (August-September, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 514 II. The Keys to Atonement: Reconciliation and Rehabilitation. 515 A. The Tort Model and The Atonement Model Explained. 517 B. The Task Force Will Likely Seek a Reconciliatory Approach to Redress. 522 C. The Atonement Model Modified. 524 D. The Task Force Should Include a Truth and Reconciliation Commission... 2023
Julianne Hill CALLED UP TO THE MAJOR LEAGUE 109-SEP ABA Journal 24 (August/September, 2023) Character Witness explores legal and societal issues through the lens of attorneys in the trenches who are, inter alia, on a mission to defend liberty and pursue justice. In 1950--just three years after Jackie Robinson smashed baseball's color barrier--William Henry Hastie shattered the judicial glass ceiling, becoming the first Black judge... 2023
Jonathan Jackson , Tasseli McKay , Leonidas Cheliotis , Ben Bradford , Adam Fine , Rick Trinkner CENTERING RACE IN PROCEDURAL JUSTICE THEORY: STRUCTURAL RACISM AND THE UNDER- AND OVERPOLICING OF BLACK COMMUNITIES 47 Law and Human Behavior 68 (February, 2023) Objective: We assessed the factors that legitimized the police in the United States at an important moment of history, just after the police killing of George Floyd in 2020. We also evaluated one way of incorporating perceptions of systemic racism into procedural justice theory. Hypotheses: We tested two primary hypotheses. The first hypothesis was... 2023
Rebecca L. Fix , Jeffrey Aaron , Sheldon Greenberg COMMUNITY CRIME, POVERTY, AND PROPORTION OF BLACK RESIDENTS INFLUENCE POLICE DESCRIPTIONS OF ADOLESCENTS 47 Law and Human Behavior 12 (February, 2023) Objective: Our study examined officers' attitudes and perceptions of adolescents in general (and challenges in policing adolescents) and the degree to which community variables affect those perceptions. Hypotheses: Our examinations of officers' descriptions of adolescents and challenges in policing adolescents were exploratory. We hypothesized that... 2023
Jacqueline Pittman CONSTRUCTING RACE AND GENDER IN MODERN RAPE LAW: THE ABANDONED CATEGORY OF BLACK FEMALE VICTIMS 30 Michigan Journal of Gender & Law 151 (2023) Despite the successes of the 1960s Anti-Rape Movement, modern state rape statutes continue to prioritize white male perspectives and perceptions of race, ultimately ignoring the intersectional identity of Black women and leaving these victims without legal protection. This Note examines rape law's history of allocating agency along gendered and... 2023
Magali Duque CONTRACTING FOR DEBT: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEBT CAPITALISM, HIGHER EDUCATION, AND THE BLACK-WHITE WEALTH GAP 58 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 415 (Winter, 2023) This Note explores the relationship between contractual parties in the credit market, as shaped by debt capitalism, through a brief history of slavery, peonage, and credit/debt legislation. Debt capitalism is a racially exclusionary system--stemming from slavery--in which asset acquisition, facilitated by working to pay debt, (1) is a requirement... 2023
Ali Murat Gali CRAWLING OUT OF FEAR AND THE RUINS OF AN EMPIRE: QUEER, BLACK, AND NATIVE INTIMACIES, LAWS OF CREATION AND FUTURES OF CARE 34 Yale Journal of Law & Feminism 176 (2023) L1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 177 Part I. Relational Possibilities Under the Siege of Equality: Privatized Romances of Sensuality and the Family. 184 A. Lawrence v. Texas and Domesticated Sensualities. 187 B. Obergefell v. Hodges and Fantasizing Privatized Marriage. 193 Part II. Privatized Subjects in Lifeless Streets: Ethical Ramifications... 2023
Vincent Jones CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT: HOW THE ONGOING WAR ON DRUGS AND DISCRIMNATION IN HEALTHCARE CREATED A VIABLE EIGHTH AMENDMENT CLAIM FOR BLACK INMATES DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC 33 Health Matrix: Journal of Law-Medicine 537 (2023) C1-2Contents Introduction. 538 Part I: The War on Drugs and its Targeted Attack on the Black Community. 539 a. The Key Policies of the War. 542 b. Militarized Policing and Drug Raids. 543 c. The Power of Prosecutors and the Supreme Court. 545 d. The Difficulties of Life After Prison. 547 e. The War on Drugs is Ongoing. 548 Part II: The Impact of... 2023
Anietie Akpan DARK ROOTS: DETANGLING THE NEXUS BETWEEN BLACK HAIRCARE, PUBLIC HEALTH, AND CLEAN BEAUTY EQUITY 60-FEB Houston Lawyer 24 (January/February, 2023) On October 21, 2022, St. Louis resident Jennifer Mitchell filed a mass tort lawsuit in federal court against L'Oreal USA Inc. for the development, marketing, and sale of their chemical hair straightening products, alleging that the use of these products over many years resulted in her diagnosis of uterine cancer in 2018. She has asked the court to... 2023
Steven D. Schwinn , University of Illinois Chicago School of Law, Chicago, IL Did South Carolina Engage in Impermissible Racial Gerrymandering and Impermissible Dilution of Black Residents' Votes in Drawing Its Congressional District 1 (CD1) After the 2020 Census? 51 Preview of United States Supreme Court Cases 28 (10/2/2023) The 2020 census revealed that South Carolina's 1st Congressional District (CD1) was underpopulated while the neighboring 6th Congressional District (CD6) was overpopulated by roughly the same number of residents. Instead of simply shifting that number to equalize the districts, the South Carolina legislature moved 53,000 residents from CD6 to CD1,... 2023
Dushiyanthini (Toni) Kenthirarajah , Nicholas P. Camp , Gregory M. Walton , Aaron C. Kay , Geoffrey L. Cohen DOES "JAMAL" RECEIVE A HARSHER SENTENCE THAN "JAMES"? FIRST-NAME BIAS IN THE CRIMINAL SENTENCING OF BLACK MEN 47 Law and Human Behavior 169 (February, 2023) Objective: Using archival and experimental methods, we tested the role that racial associations of first names play in criminal sentencing. Hypotheses: We hypothesized that Black defendants with more stereotypically Black names (e.g., Jamal) would receive more punitive sentences than Black defendants with more stereotypically White names (e.g.,... 2023
Jennifer T. Perillo, Rochelle B. Sykes, Sean A. Bennett, Margaret C. Reardon, Department of Psychology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania EXAMINING THE CONSEQUENCES OF DEHUMANIZATION AND ADULTIFICATION IN JUSTIFICATION OF POLICE USE OF FORCE AGAINST BLACK GIRLS AND BOYS 47 Law and Human Behavior 36 (February, 2023) Objective: Given the greater contact that Black youth have with the legal system compared with White youth, it is important to consider the differential ways that police use of force against these youth is perceived. Black youth may be at greater risk than White youth for animalistic (being seen as animal-like) and mechanistic (being seen as... 2023
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