Anthony Kakoyannis Assessing the Viability of Implicit Bias Evidence in Discrimination Cases: an Analysis of the Most Significant Federal Cases 69 Florida Law Review 1181 (July, 2017) The theory of implicit bias occupies a rapidly growing field of scientific research and legal scholarship. With the advent of tools measuring individuals' subconscious biases toward people of other races, genders, ages, national origins, religions, and sexual orientations, scholars have rushed to explore the ways in which these biases might affect... 2017
Mark Walsh Bias Behind Closed Doors 103-MAY ABA Journal 20 (May, 2017) A case about racial bias in the jury room would seem to have all the makings of a provocative and headline-grabbing decision. However, Peña-Rodriguez v. Colorado, a case containing just such bias, hovered a bit below the radar, even during this relatively low-key U.S. Supreme Court term. Justice Anthony M. Kennedy appeared to be doing what he could... 2017
Vida B. Johnson Bias in Blue: Instructing Jurors to Consider the Testimony of Police Officer Witnesses with Caution 44 Pepperdine Law Review 245 (2017) Jurors in criminal trials are instructed by the judge that they are to treat the testimony of a police officer just like the testimony of any other witness. Fact-finders are told that they should not give police officer testimony greater or lesser weight than any other witness they will hear from at trial. Jurors are to accept that police are no... 2017
Solangel Maldonado Bias in the Family: Race, Ethnicity, and Culture in Custody Disputes 55 Family Court Review 213 (April, 2017) This essay examines the role of racial, ethnic, and cultural bias in custody cases. It analyzes cases where the court explicitly considered the parents' racial, ethnic, or cultural background and cases where the court did not acknowledge these factors but where it is clear from the court's opinion that biases influenced its decision. It then... 2017
Blanche Bong Cook Biased and Broken Bodies of Proof: White Heteropatriarchy, the Grand Jury Process, and Performance on Unarmed Black Flesh 85 UMKC Law Review 567 (Spring, 2017) The intention in torture of humans is . to silence the other's voice by wrecking his or her body; it is to make the tortured speak the torturer's words instead of his own. Margaret A. Farley Although scholars have theorized about systemic racialized police violence, less attention has been given to systemic practices in the investigations and grand... 2017
Jamillah Bowman Williams Breaking down Bias: Legal Mandates Vs. Corporate Interests 92 Washington Law Review 1473 (October, 2017) Abstract: Bias and discrimination continue to limit opportunities and outcomes for racial minorities in American institutions in the twenty-first century. The diversity rationale, touting the broad benefits of inclusion, has become widely accepted by corporate employers, courts, and universities. At the same time, many view a focus on... 2017
Julianne Hill Caught on Tape 103-FEB ABA Journal 12 (February, 2017) THE USE OF SLOW-MOTION VIDEO HAS become common in criminal cases. But a new study has found that watching crimes at slower speeds leads viewers to falsely believe perps have more time to think about their actions and act with intent, potentially skewing verdicts against defendants. In a joint study out of the University of Chicago, University of... 2017
Dr. Cedric L. Alexander Community Policing as a Counter to Bias in Policing: a Personal Perspective 126 Yale Law Journal Forum 381 (January 31, 2017) Some forty years ago, I was a very young black man living in the Florida panhandle. My dream was to get into law enforcement, but I first needed to get into the state academy, which required the endorsement of a Florida police executive. The chief of the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University Police Department--a black chief in an... 2017
Blanche Cook Complicit Bias: Sex-offender Registration as a Penalty for Obstructing Sex-trafficking Prosecutions 96 Nebraska Law Review 138 (2017) C1-3TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Introduction. 139 II. Case Synopsis. 145 III. The Federalization of Human Sex Trafficking. 147 IV. The Canons of Statutory Interpretation. 152 A. Plain Language of §§ 1591 and 16911. 152 B. The Legislative History. 160 1. Section 1591's Legislative History. 160 2. The Use of the T-Visa in Discouraging Obstruction. 166 3.... 2017
Gregory S. Parks, Hon. Andre M. Davis Confronting Implicit Bias: an Imperative for Judges in Capital Prosecutions 42 Human Rights 22 (2017) The esteemed lawyer Jonathan Rapping, founder and director of the non-profit Gideon's Promise, has often said that the most obvious feature of our legal system is the disparate treatment of African Americans. In no context is this observation more true and profound than in the administration of capital punishment. Therefore, our evolving... 2017
Erwin Chemerinsky Confronting Racial Bias 53-JUL Trial 56 (July, 2017) Issues concerning race were central to a significant number of cases before the US. Supreme Court in its October 2016 Term. Strikingly, these cases span many areas--criminal law, voting, free speech, and federal statutes. Twice this Term, the Court has spoken powerfully about the need to eradicate the taint of racial discrimination from criminal... 2017
Valeria Vegh Weis Criminal Selectivity in the United States: a History Plagued by Class & Race Bias 10 DePaul Journal for Social Justice 1 (Summer, 2017) The United States is at a pivotal moment in terms of rethinking class and racial inequality within the criminal justice system. However, there is a lack of shared conceptual tools to frame this debate. First, there is no clear or comprehensive theoretical tool to describe, categorize, or analyze class and racial inequality throughout the criminal... 2017
Vernellia Randall, Tshaka Randall Cutting Across the Bias: Teaching Implicit Bias in a Healthcare Law Course 61 Saint Louis University Law Journal 511 (Spring, 2017) Law faculty train students to believe that the law is objective in development, adoption, and application. Law faculty tend to teach discrimination in the law as either a historical oddity or very infrequent occurrence. When the law deals with discrimination, it does so narrowly, focusing on discrimination driven by intent, explicit stereotypes,... 2017
Cristal Harris Dark Innocence: Retraining Police with Mindfulness Practices to Aid in Squelching Implicit Bias 51 University of San Francisco Law Review 103 (2017) I was suddenly woken to yells and screams. I shared a bunk bed with my cousin. I had not heard much except Leonard Brown! It ain't him! She ain't him! My eyes went ablaze searching around frantically. Dreams broken to reality. There were guns everywhere. Men like giants. Deadly black pieces of metal drawn, ready to shoot at whoever dared move... 2017
Sean Darling-Hammond Designed to Fail: Implicit Bias in Our Nation's Juvenile Courts 21 U.C. Davis Journal of Juvenile Law & Policy 169 (Summer, 2017) Our nation's juvenile courts espouse the admirable mission of creating a fair court of empathy capable of helping youth that have erred take a more positive path and become productive citizens, regardless of their backgrounds. Yet juvenile court dispositions yield troubling racial disproportionalities, and the proceedings themselves seem riddled... 2017
Amelia M. Wirts Discriminatory Intent and Implicit Bias: Title Vii Liability for Unwitting Discrimination 58 Boston College Law Review 809 (March, 2017) Abstract: Studies consistently show that African Americans face more employment scrutiny and negative employment actions than their white coworkers. Recognizing that much of the explicit racism of the twentieth century has given way to subtle and often unconscious discriminatory biases, this Note argues that current Title VII jurisprudence contains... 2017
Lisa Blomgren Amsler, Alexander B. Avtgis, M. Scott Jackman Dispute System Design and Bias in Dispute Resolution 70 SMU Law Review 913 (Fall, 2017) This article examines the role of mediator race and gender in perceptions of procedural justice as measure of accountability and representative bureaucracy in a national mediation program for complaints of employment discrimination at a large federal organization, the United States Postal Service. Mediation represents a forum of accountability in... 2017
Jennifer K. Wagner Dna, Racial Disparities, and Biases in Criminal Justice: Searching for Solutions 27 Albany Law Journal of Science and Technology 95 (2017) [W]e remain imprisoned by the past as long as we deny its influence in the present. ~Justice Brennan The human genome underlies the fundamental unity of all members of the human family, as well as the recognition of their inherent dignity and diversity. ~Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights I. Maryland v. King. 99 Facts... 2017
Gilat J. Bachar , Deborah R. Hensler Does Alternative Dispute Resolution Facilitate Prejudice and Bias? We Still Don't Know 70 SMU Law Review 817 (Fall, 2017) By the time Professor Richard Delgado and his colleagues wrote their seminal article on the risk of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) facilitating prejudice, ADR programs were well-established in the United States, supported by legislative and court mandates, private contracts, and U.S. Supreme Court decisions. Fairness and Formality: Minimizing... 2017
Carol Izumi Implicit Bias and Prejudice in Mediation 70 SMU Law Review 681 (Summer, 2017) Mediators aspire and endeavor to meet their ethical duty of neutrality in mediation. Yet their ability to actually conduct mediations without bias, prejudice, or favoritism toward any party is extraordinarily difficult, if not impossible. Research shows that unconscious mental processes involving stereotypes and attitudes affect our judgments,... 2017
Annika L. Jones Implicit Bias as Social-framework Evidence in Employment Discrimination 165 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1221 (April, 2017) The role of implicit bias as evidence in employment discrimination claims continues to evolve, as does research attempting to explain and quantify the concept of implicit bias. In Walmart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, the Supreme Court curbed plaintiffs' use of implicit bias as evidence in support of the commonality requirement of Rule 23. Post-Dukes,... 2017
Rakesh Beniwal Implicit Bias in Child Welfare: Overcoming Intent 49 Connecticut Law Review 1021 (February, 2017) Albert Einstein said that [w]e can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. In spite of the wisdom of this quote, the field of child protection attempts to do just that--often couching seemingly new initiatives within old business methods and ways of thinking. The result is a system that disparately... 2017
Professor Keith B. Maddox , Professor Samuel R. Sommers Implicit Bias in Daily Perceptions and Legal Judgments 50 University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform 723 (Spring, 2017) In today's demonstration, we explored the audience's positive and negative associations with blacks and whites. The demonstration is an adaptation of the Implicit Association Test (, a computer-based task designed to explore mental connections between various concepts. Participants were presented with a list of concepts... 2017
Asha Amin Implicit Bias in the Courtroom and the Need for Reform 30 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 575 (Fall, 2017) The judiciary serves an important role in our democratic society: it protects individuals and keeps the government from overreaching into one's rights. The impartiality of a judge is at the heart of this administration of justice. If the public does not believe that judges are fair and impartial, it will lose confidence in the courts, disregard... 2017
Ted A. Donner Implicit Bias in the Law: an Important Focus for 2017 29 DCBA Brief Brief 5 (January, 2017) During the fi rst Presidential Debate in the 2016 general election, Hillary Clinton mentioned implicit bias in answer to a question posed by moderator Lester Holt. Holt asked her, Secretary Clinton, last week, you said we've got to do everything possible to improve policing, to go right at implicit bias. Do you believe that police are implicitly... 2017
Camille A. Olson, Gina R. Merrill, Kaitlyn F. Whiteside, Needhy Shah Implicit Bias Theory in Employment Litigation 63 No. 5 Practical Lawyer 37 (October 1, 2017) The term implicit bias is commonly used to refer to ingrained beliefs, whether positive or negative, about other individuals or groups that are triggered automatically. These beliefs are not conscious thoughts but rather represent reflexive reactions at the unconscious level. The developers of the theory, social psychologists Anthony Greenwald... 2017
  Implicit Bias: a Concept Worth Consideration 43-WTR Vermont Bar Journal B.J. 5 (Winter 2017) As we enter court hearings, discussions with clients, engagements with fellow attorneys and interact with legislators and other policy makers, we are regularly faced with the intersection of our laws and the behaviors of people in our society. The ideal point of intersection is not always clear, and we are frequently asked to consider real world... 2017
Caroline Turner Implicit or Unconscious Bias: How Do We Overcome It? 19 No. 4 TortSource 1 (Summer, 2017) We generally put an adjective, like implicit or unconscious, in front of the word bias. Bias can be positive as well as negative, but the term generally brings to mind negative rather than positive thoughts about people and groups. No one wants to have outright bias! An adjective softens it. Or we use a less accusatory term. McKinsey &... 2017
L. Song Richardson Implicit Racial Bias and Racial Anxiety: Implications for Stops and Frisks 15 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 73 (Fall, 2017) I. Introduction. 74 II. Implicit Racial Bias and Racial Anxiety. 75 A. Judgments of Suspicion: The Influence of Implicit Racial Bias. 75 1. Increased Scrutiny. 76 2. Biased Evaluations of Ambiguous Behaviors. 76 B. Interactions: The Influence of Racial Anxiety. 78 III. Implications for Policing and the Fourth Amendment. 81 A. Acting on Racial... 2017
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27