AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Term
Ellie Williams LEAVING DOESN'T MEAN LIVING: ANALYZING THE CASE OF ANGELA VAUGHN, CRIMINALIZED SURVIVORS OF GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE, AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW 51 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 587 (2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 588 II. Background on Gender-Based Violence, the Criminal Justice System, and the Criminalization of Survivors. 590 A. Gender-Based Violence. 590 B. The Criminal Justice System. 594 C. Criminalized Survivors. 594 III. Legal Framework. 603 A. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination... 2023 Yes
Samantha H. Hughes QATAR v. UAE--THE WEIGHT OF WORDS 19 Loyola University Chicago International Law Review 231 (Spring, 2023) In 2021, the International Court of Justice decided, in Qatar v. United Arab Emirates, that the term national orgin does not include current nationality as used in the International Convention on the Elemination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD). While the Court's decision is supported by various legal arguments, the majority's... 2023 Yes
William Thomas Worster REINING IN THE NOTTEBOHM CASE 41 Boston University International Law Journal 301 (Summer, 2023) C1-2Contents Introduction. 302 I. Background on the Nottebohm Case. 303 II. The Court's Judgment in the Nottebohm Case. 304 III. Critique of the Nottebohm Case. 309 IV. Human Rights Challenge to Nottebohm. 316 V. Qatar v. UAE CERD Case at the ICJ. 320 VI. Impact of the Qatar v. UAE CERD Case on Other Cases Applying Nottebohm. 327 Conclusion. 329 2023 Yes
Meredith Elliott Hollman "FUNDAMENTAL FAIRNESS": FINDING A CIVIL RIGHT TO COUNSEL IN INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW 57 University of Richmond Law Review 685 (Winter, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 686 I. Civil Legal Aid in The United States. 689 A. The Incomplete Rise of the Right to Counsel. 690 B. Forward Progress. 694 II. The Right to Civil Counsel in International and Foreign Law. 696 A. International Treaties Ratified By The United States. 697 1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). 697 2.... 2023  
Ruchita Jain A TRIP TO INEQUITY: HOW THE TRIPS AGREEMENT HINDERS ACCESS TO NEEDED COVID-19 THERAPEUTICS 2023 Boston College Intellectual Property & Technology Forum 1 (6/1/2023) Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic continues to rage on in much of the world, severely affecting the health of millions. But citizens of high-income nations have accepted the pandemic to be over. The key to ending the pandemic globally across all nations is equal and efficient access to necessary COVID-19 therapeutics, including vaccines. This Article... 2023  
Lizet Palomera Torres A VICIOUS CYCLE: UNITED STATES' FAILURE TO PROTECT IMMIGRANT WOMEN'S REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS AT THE IRWIN COUNTY DETENTION CENTER 53 Golden Gate University Law Review 219 (August, 2023) [Dr. Amin] jammed the wand into [Y] roughly, causing her excruciating pain. He proceeded to put on a glove and put several fingers inside of her [ ]. When this happened, Y squirmed and said no repeatedly because it hurt-- it felt as if Dr. Amin's fingers were going in too deeply, and they were causing a burning pain. In this moment, Y was reminded... 2023  
Sydney Chong Ju Padgett ABORTION RIGHTS AS (INTER)NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS: DOBBS AND THE NONCOMPLIANCE OF U.S. ABORTION POLICIES UNDER INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW 27 Lewis & Clark Law Review 925 (2023) The current state of reproductive rights in the United States following Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization constitutes yet another chapter in the saga of the United States' hypocrisy in failing to uphold international human rights at the domestic level. International human rights law unequivocally provides that safe and legal abortion... 2023  
Massimo Lando ADVISORY OPINIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE IN RESPECT OF DISPUTES 61 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 67 (2023) This Article reimagines advisory opinions of the International Court of Justice as a means for the settlement of international disputes. It is established that the Court must decline to render an advisory opinion which relates to the main point of a pending bilateral dispute between States, one of which has not consented to the third-party... 2023  
John Mukum Mbaku AFRICAN COURTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW 48 Brooklyn Journal of International Law 445 (2023) Introduction. 446 I. Domesticating International Human Rights Instruments. 462 A. Introduction. 462 B. Giving Effect in Domestic Courts to International Treaties. 465 II. The State of the Protection of Human Rights in African Countries. 473 A. Introduction. 473 B. Judicial Independence as a Critical Factor in the Protection of Human Rights. 478... 2023  
Charles H. Brower II AGAINST IMPERIAL ARBITRATORS: THE BRILLIANCE OF CANADA'S NEW MODEL INVESTMENT TREATY 17 FIU Law Review 1 (Spring, 2023) Investment treaty arbitration has become politically toxic even in states that pioneered the development of investment treaties. There is consensus on the need for reform. But there is a dearth of historical research on what went wrong with investment treaties, when it happened, or how to find the way forward in light of the past. As a result,... 2023  
Jill Goldenziel AN ALTERNATIVE TO ZOMBIEING: LAWFARE BETWEEN RUSSIA AND UKRAINE AND THE FUTURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 108 Cornell Law Review Online 1 (January, 2023) Lawfare, the purposeful use of law as a weapon of war, has been an integral feature of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Russia has used lawfare to complicate Ukraine's response to its invasion of Crimea and the Donbas, most famously through use of little green men to create plausible deniability for its military actions. Ukraine has launched a novel... 2023  
Chi Adanna Mgbako, Nate Johnson, Vivienne Bang Brown, Megan Cheah, Kimya Zahedi ANTI-CARCERAL HUMAN RIGHTS ADVOCACY 26 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law and Social Change 173 (2023) Abstract. The theory of carceral abolition entered the mainstream during the 2020 global protests for Black lives. Abolition calls for divestment from carceral institutions like police and prisons in favor of the expansion of social and economic programs that ensure public safety and nurture community well-being. Although there is little... 2023  
E. Tendayi Achiume , Gay McDougall ANTI-RACISM AT THE UNITED NATIONS 117 AJIL Unbound 82 (2023) Racial injustice and inequality remain contested internationally, and the United Nations remains a prominent site for this contestation. In this essay, we describe the architecture designated by the United Nations to address racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance. We highlight recent normative and institutional... 2023  
Priya S. Gupta AUTOMATING RACIALIZATION IN INTERNATIONAL LAW 117 AJIL Unbound 156 (2023) From the continuation of colonial power structures in global economic development institutions, to immigration policies that favor applicants from white-majority European countries, to the use of counter-terrorism law to target primarily Muslim people, international law and its domestic analogues reflect and further inscribe racial distinctions and... 2023  
Laura Snyder CAN EXTRATERRITORIAL TAXATION BE RATIONALIZED? 76 Tax Lawyer 535 (Spring, 2023) There exist multiple rationales for the U.S. extraterritorial tax system. The rationales seek to explain why overseas Americans should be subject to worldwide taxation by the United States. This paper challenges those rationales: The allegiance rationale is outmoded and has been rejected by the U.S. Supreme Court; the benefits rationale has been... 2023  
Brittan Heller COCA-COLA CURSES: HATE SPEECH IN A POST-COLONIAL CONTEXT 29 Michigan Technology Law Review 259 (Spring, 2023) Hate speech is a contextual phenomenon. What offends or inflames in one context may differ from what incites violence in a different time, place, and cultural landscape. Theories of hate speech, especially Susan Benesch's concept of dangerous speech (hateful speech that incites violence), have focused on the factors that cut across these... 2023  
Lauren Christian Rabago Azurin DEEP DIVE WITH NEW HAVEN: COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF THE SOUTH CHINA SEA ARBITRATION AND ITS PROGENY OF LEGAL LITERATURE 25 Asian-Pacific Law and Policy Journal 61 (Fall, 2023) I. Delimitation of the Problem. 62 A. What Started the South China Sea Arbitration. 62 B. The First Award: Jurisdiction and Admissibility. 66 1. Framing Jurisdiction. 66 2. Procedural Necessities: Indispensable Third Parties, Preconditions, and Limitations. 68 3. What Can the Tribunal Hear?. 76 C. The Second Award: Merits. 77 1. Non-Participation... 2023  
Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal DUPLICATE, DECOLONIZE, DESTROY: CURRENT TOPICS IN ART AND CULTURAL HERITAGE LAW 33 Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal 532 (Spring, 2023) I. Purple Fame: Warhol v. Goldsmith and the Limits of Artistic Transformation under Fair Use. 532 II. Out of Context: Reframing and Repatriating Objects in Museum and Public Spaces. 542 III. Keynote Address: Ukraine on My Mind. 549 IV. Erased: Protecting Cultural Heritage in Times of Armed Conflict. 554 2023  
Ian M. Kysel , G. Alex Sinha EXECUTING RACIAL JUSTICE 71 UCLA Law Review Discourse 2 (2023) The United States has failed to eliminate racial discrimination in the decades since ratifying the international human rights treaty that prohibits it. To its credit, the Biden administration (Administration) has attempted to center the fight for racial equity in the work of the executive branch. But President Biden's executive orders and agency... 2023  
Alichia McIntosh HEALTHCARE INEQUITIES IN THE UNITED STATES AND BEYOND ARE TAKING BLACK WOMEN'S LIVES 18 Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy 102 (Spring, 2023) Black women have been dying at devastating rates due to health complications at the hands of the United States' healthcare and legal systems. This Note explores these distressing rates and how they compare to White women while analyzing the fatalities and diagnoses among several health complications and diseases. These fatalities persist due to the... 2023  
Evelyn Aswad PROPAGANDA FOR WAR & INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS 24 Chicago Journal of International Law 1 (Summer, 2023) Shortly after Russia's illegal invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the European Union (EU) began suspending Russian state-sponsored media outlets from broadcasting within the EU because they were spreading propaganda for war. The EU also required social media companies to remove user speech containing the banned broadcasts and prohibited search... 2023  
Benjamin G. Davis SANCTIMONIOUS BARBARITY: THE FORCED PREGNANCY ALITO DOBBS OPINION 33 Indiana International & Comparative Law Review 423 (2023) [International Law will] follow you down 'til the sound of its voice will haunt you. [You'll] Never get away. --Adapted from Silver Springs, Fleetwood Mac and apologies to Stevie Nicks. The Alito Opinion in the United States Supreme Court case Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization overruling Roe v. Wade encourages forced pregnancy and,... 2023  
Alyssa T. Yamamoto , Fionnuala Ní Aoláin STATE RESPONSIBILITY FOR HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS PERPETRATED IN THE NAME OF INTERNATIONAL COUNTER-TERRORISM FINANCING OBLIGATIONS 46 Fordham International Law Journal 691 (May, 2023) This Essay responds to the increasing adoption by States across continents of repressive, over-reaching laws, regulations, and policies aimed at countering the financing of terrorism. It documents the immense international pressure to adopt counter-terrorism financing measures, coupled with the seeming marginalization of concurrent international... 2023  
Michael Ramsden STRATEGIC LITIGATION IN WARTIME: JUDGING THE RUSSIAN INVASION OF UKRAINE THROUGH THE GENOCIDE CONVENTION 56 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 181 (January, 2023) Ukraine's recent initiation of legal proceedings against Russia under the Genocide Convention is a prominent example of what has been termed strategic litigation, denoting the bringing of a case with a goal to produce a wider impact beyond the courtroom. In Allegations of Genocide (Ukraine v. Russia), Ukraine sought a series of declarations from... 2023  
Noah C. Nix TEXTBOOK RESISTANCE: TEXAS' BAN ON CRITICAL RACE THEORY FAILS THE EDUCATION STANDARDS MANDATED BY INTERNATIONAL LAW 51 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 765 (2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 767 II. The New Texas Education Code Provisions in the Midst of an American Racial Reawakening and the Consequent Debate Over the Teaching of Critical Race Theory. 770 A. The New Texas Education Code Provision: Texas Education Code 28.0022, Certain Instructional Requirements and Prohibitions, Effective... 2023  
Rosa Celorio THE KALEIDOSCOPE OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN RIGHTS: THE PROMISE OF INTERNATIONAL LITIGATION FOR WOMEN, INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, AND CHILDREN 13 Arizona Journal of Environmental Law & Policy 155 (Spring, 2023) Climate change has been identified as a global emergency, a major international development issue, and a priority concern by many international and national entities. Women, Indigenous peoples, and children are some of the individuals and groups most affected by the adverse impacts of climate change. The author contends in this article that... 2023  
Angel Gabriel Cabrera Silva, Harvard Law - SJD Candidate THE RIGHT TO CONSULT OURSELVES: CONCEPTUALIZING THE PROACTIVE FUNCTION OF THE RIGHT TO FREE, PRIOR, AND INFORMED CONSENT 36 Harvard Human Rights Journal 147 (Spring, 2023) Since the adoption of ILO Convention No. 169 in 1989, the right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) has become a staple legal tool in the strategies of indigenous rights advocates. During these decades, scholars have provided reasons for both skepticism and optimism about the capacity of FPIC to advance indigenous interests. This Article... 2023  
Claire R. Thomas THE SO-CALLED STATELESS: FIRM RESETTLEMENT, AFRICAN MIGRANTS, AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN MEXICO 32 Boston University Public Interest Law Journal 43 (Winter, 2023) Prologue. 45 Introduction. 45 I. Extracontinental Migration through Mexico: Lived Experiences in 2015 and 2019. 49 II. Trump Administration Changes Impacting ExtraContinental Asylum-Seekers, Continuing Under the Biden Administration. 53 A. United States. 53 B. Mexico. 56 1. Mexican National Guard and Increased Detention. 56 2. Pre-June 2019... 2023  
James Roth TRANSFORMING THE MINNEAPOLIS POLICE DEPARTMENT TO CONFORM WITH THE RULE OF LAW: REFORM OR ABOLITION 49 Mitchell Hamline Law Review 474 (April, 2023) I. Introduction. 475 II. Rule of Law. 477 III. Background. 477 A. History of the Minneapolis Police Department. 477 B. Statistical Disparities. 486 C. The Murder of George Floyd and Its Aftermath. 487 D. 2021 Referendums to Amend Minneapolis City Charter and Citywide Elections. 490 E. Post-November 2021 Election Developments. 494 F. Department of... 2023  
Anna Henson VIRTUAL WHAC-A-MOLE: ADDRESSING THE PATCHWORK REGULATION OF ONLINE HATE SPEECH 31 Michigan State International Law Review 115 (2023) This note will discuss hate speech, why it's dangerous, and how it can spread without being detected. This leads to the exploration of existing international, national, and company regulations regarding online hate speech, the identification of holes and inadequacies, and ultimately suggestions for moving forward in a digital age. The note... 2023  
Sophia Miller APPLICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION (QATAR v. U.A.E.), THE ICJ LIMITS THE APPLICABILITY OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION 30 Tulane Journal of International and Comparative Law 449 (Summer, 2022) I. Overview. 449 II. Background. 450 A. Jurisdictional Requirements for ICERD Claims. 450 B. Analyzing a Claim Under ICERD. 451 III. Court's Decision. 453 IV. Analysis. 456 V. Conclusion. 458 2022 yes
Shreya Atrey COMMENT: UNDERSTANDING XENOPHOBIA AS INTERSECTIONAL DISCRIMINATION 79 Washington and Lee Law Review 1007 (Summer, 2022) This Comment examines the nature of xenophobia and why it seems to fall through the cracks of international human rights law, especially as a form of racial discrimination under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. It considers an understanding of xenophobia as a sui generis case of intersectional... 2022 yes
Zachary Parrish LOCKED UP AND LOCKED DOWN IN THE LAND OF THE FREE: A LOOK AT THE UNITED STATES' PRISONS AND COVID-19'S DISPROPORTIONATE EFFECT ON BLACK AMERICANS' RIGHT TO HEALTH 37 American University International Law Review 391 (2022) I. INTRODUCTION. 393 II. BACKGROUND. 396 A. Racism in the United States: A Brief History. 396 i. Mass Incarceration. 396 ii. Systemic Racism. 399 B. COVID-19. 399 i. COVID-19's effect on Black Americans within prisons. 400 C. The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (the Convention). 405 i. Article 1:... 2022 yes
Martha F. Davis (G)LOCAL INTERSECTIONALITY 79 Washington and Lee Law Review 1021 (Summer, 2022) Intersectionality theory has been slow to take root as a legal norm at the national level, even as scholars embrace it as a potent analytical tool. Yet, in recent years, intersectionality has entered law and policy practices through an unexpected portal: namely, local governments' adoption of international norms. A growing number of local... 2022  
Dr. Stefano Angeleri , Dr. María Teresa Palacios Sanabria A RIGHTS-BASED ASSESSMENT OF THE TEMPORARY PROTECTION STATUTE FOR VENEZUELANS IN COLOMBIA 47 Yale Journal of International Law Online 80 (2022) Since 2015, the multidimensional crisis in Venezuela has resulted in massive emigration. Over 2.4 million Venezuelan refugees and migrants live in neighboring Colombia, and, in 2021, almost one million of them were undocumented. Such exceptionally high numbers of migrants in irregular, precarious status led to the Colombian government's concerns... 2022  
Waruguru Gaitho CHALLENGING THE SINGLE AXIS FROM THE NEXUS: OPERATIONALIZING INTERSECTIONALITY IN INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW TO ADEQUATELY ADDRESS THE CORRECTIVE RAPE OF BLACK LESBIANS IN SOUTH AFRICA 31 Tulane Journal of Law & Sexuality 1 (2022) Intersectionality refers to the synergistic interaction between various facets of an individual's identities that may result in compounded oppression. While intersectionality discourse has been around since the '80s, the international human rights law framework has yet to do away with its single-axis model of discrimination law, posing a challenge... 2022  
H. Timothy Lovelace, Jr. CIVIL RIGHTS AS HUMAN RIGHTS 71 Duke Law Journal 1849 (May, 2022) During the early 1960s, government officials in the U.S. Department of State grappled with the following quandary: How could the United States shape and lead a racially diverse world while still denying rights to Black Americans domestically? One way the State Department set out to resolve this disconnect was through diplomacy and negotiations at... 2022  
Evelyn Aswad, David Kaye CONVERGENCE & CONFLICT: REFLECTIONS ON GLOBAL AND REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS ON HATE SPEECH 20 Northwestern Journal of Human Rights 165 (7-Jul-22) ABSTRACT--What is hate speech under international human rights law? And how do key international adjudicators interpret the law governing it? This Article seeks to illuminate two countervailing and under-reported trends: on the one hand, a growing consensus among U.N. experts and treaty bodies concerning interpretations of hate speech... 2022  
Kevin Brown, Lalit Khandare, Annapurna Waughray, Kenneth Dau-Schmidt, Theodore M. Shaw DOES U.S. FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT LAW NOW COVER CASTE DISCRIMINATION BASED ON UNTOUCHABILITY?: IF ALL ELSE FAILS THERE IS THE POSSIBLE APPLICATION OF BOSTOCK v. CLAYTON COUNTY 46 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 117 (2022) This article discusses the issue of whether a victim of caste discrimination based on untouchability can assert a claim of intentional employment discrimination under Title VII or Section 1981. This article contends that there are legitimate arguments that this form of discrimination is a form of religious discrimination under Title VII. The... 2022  
Benjamin A. Barsky DUAL FEDERALISM, CONSTITUTIONAL OPENINGS, AND THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES 24 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law 345 (April, 2022) The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) represents a historic achievement for the global disability rights movement. Yet, when the U.S. Senate refused to ratify it on December 4, 2012, its influence on American law and policy seemed doomed. The Founders, after all, had conceived of a constitutional vision where the... 2022  
Laura Cahier ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IN THE UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS SYSTEM: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE PROTECTION OF INDIGENOUS WOMEN'S RIGHTS AGAINST ENVIRONMENTAL VIOLENCE 13 George Washington Journal of Energy & Environmental Law 37 (2022) Throughout the world, Indigenous women have denounced the disproportionate effects of environmental destruction, natural resource extraction, land exploitation, or intensive agriculture on every aspect of their lives and integrity, especially when these activities are conducted within or close to the lands and territories that Indigenous peoples... 2022  
Lindsay Dreyer FELON DISENFRANCHISEMENT: WHAT FEDERAL COURTS GOT WRONG AND HOW STATE COURTS CAN ADDRESS IT 48 Mitchell Hamline Law Review 1 (January, 2022) I. Introduction. 1 II. History of Disenfranchisement. 2 A. European Roots. 2 B. Pre-Civil War America. 3 C. Post-Civil War. 4 III. Disenfranchisement Today. 7 A. Modern Felon Disenfranchisement. 7 B. Felon Disenfranchisement in Minnesota. 8 IV. Schroeder v. Minnesota Secretary of State. 8 A. Facts and Procedural Posture. 9 B. The Court Order. 10 V.... 2022  
Hallie Ludsin FROZEN IN TIME: THE SUPREME COURT'S OUTDATED, INCOHERENT JURISPRUDENCE ON CONGRESSIONAL PLENARY POWER OVER IMMIGRATION 47 North Carolina Journal of International Law 433 (Spring, 2022) I. The Consequences of Congressional Plenary Power: Immigration Detention. 438 A. Due Process Standards for Non-Immigration Detention. 440 B. Detention under the Immigration and Nationality Act. 455 C. Distinctions between Noncitizens Detained under Immigration Law and All Other Nonpunitive Detainees. 462 II. Immigration Regulation as a Sovereign... 2022  
Katharine G. Young HUMAN RIGHTS ORIGINALISM 110 Georgetown Law Journal 1097 (May, 2022) Are human rights to be found in living instruments and practices that adapt to changing circumstances, or must they be interpreted according to their original meaning? That question, so heavily debated in the context of the rights of the U.S. Constitution, was never seriously on the table until 2020. But when former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo... 2022  
Tsvetelina van Benthem , Talita Dias , Duncan B. Hollis INFORMATION OPERATIONS UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW 55 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1217 (November, 2022) An information operation or activity (IO) can be defined as the deployment of digital resources for cognitive purposes to change or reinforce attitudes or behaviors of the targeted audience in ways that align with the authors' interests. While not a new phenomenon, these operations have become increasingly prominent and pervasive in today's digital... 2022  
Farhan Mohiuddin , Kamran Mohiuddin 'LET'S GET DOWN TO BUSINESS': PUTTING AN END TO CHINA'S CRUEL AND BRUTAL MISTREATMENT OF THE UYGHURS 29 Willamette Journal of International Law and Dispute Resolution 106 (2022) In the words of Martin Luther King Jr., Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. Since the 1990s, the People's Republic of China has gradually curtailed the religious, commercial, and... 2022  
Michelle A. Kovach LET'S TALK ABOUT VOLUNTARY SEX WORK, BABY: HOW U.S. POLICY ON SEX WORK VIOLATES INTERNATIONAL LEGAL NORMS 53 University of Toledo Law Review 315 (Spring, 2022) America is supposed to be built on freedom and liberty. I do not feel free and I do not feel liberated. --Tamika Spellman, involved in the sex work industry for thirty-seven years. Though purportedly forward-thinking, the United States has perpetually painted a picture of a traditional way of life. Many of these traditions have stereotyped... 2022  
C. Cora True-Frost LISTENING TO DISSONANCE AT THE INTERSECTIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW 43 Michigan Journal of International Law 361 (2022) Rights frequently are pitted against each other. During the COVID-19 pandemic, for example, in countries across the world, both harmony and dissonance emerged from the varying ways states interpreted and prioritized the right to work, the right to religious freedom, the right to peacefully assemble, and the rights to life and health. In two... 2022  
Tamar Ezer LOCALIZING HUMAN RIGHTS IN CITIES 31 Southern California Review of Law & Social Justice 67 (Winter, 2022) C1-2TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION. 68 II. THE EMERGENCE OF CITIES AS HUMAN RIGHTS ACTORS. 69 A. The Human Rights City. 70 B. Human Rights in the City. 76 C. The Right to the City. 77 D. City Adoption of Particular Human Rights. 80 E. A Human Rights Approach to Governance. 83 III. PARTICIPATION. 85 A. Participation in Human Rights Cities. 86 B.... 2022  
Neha Jain MANUFACTURING STATELESSNESS 116 American Journal of International Law 237 (April, 2022) Having recently emerged from its unenviable status as the runt of international law, the phenomenon of statelessness nonetheless eludes traditional international legal instruments. Confronted with questions of nationality that typically fall within the domain of sovereignty, international and regional human rights bodies struggle to rein in the... 2022  
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