AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Terms in Title or Summary
McKay Cunningham , Latonia Haney Keith REDLINING AND INTERGENERATIONAL WEALTH 64-DEC Advocate 24 (November/December, 2021) This April, HB 377 was signed into law. The new law aims to ban critical race theory in Idaho public schools. President Trump had previously issued an executive order excluding from federal contracts any diversity training interpreted as containing Divisive Concepts. Among the content considered divisive was critical race theory. The debate,... 2021 Yes
Fred R. Shapiro THE MOST-CITED LEGAL SCHOLARS REVISITED 88 University of Chicago Law Review 1595 (November, 2021) This Essay presents a list of the fifty most-cited legal scholars of all time, intending to spotlight individuals who have had a very notable impact on legal thought and institutions. Because citation counting favors scholars who have had long careers, I supplement the main listing with a ranking of the most-cited younger legal scholars. In... 2021 Yes
Monika Batra Kashyap TOWARD A RACE-CONSCIOUS CRITIQUE OF MENTAL HEALTH-RELATED EXCLUSIONARY IMMIGRATION LAWS 26 Michigan Journal of Race and Law 87 (Winter, 2021) C1-3TABLE OF CONTENTS R1-2INTRODUCTION . R388. I. The Key Tenets of Dis/ability Critical Race Theory. 90 II. The Eugenics Movement and Immigration Restriction. 92 A. The Three Pillars of the Eugenics Movement: White Supremacy, Racism, and Ableism. 94 B. The Impact of the Eugenics Movement on Mental Health-Related Immigrant Exclusion. 99 III. A... 2021 Yes
Jessica M. Eaglin WHEN CRITICAL RACE THEORY ENTERS THE LAW & TECHNOLOGY FRAME 26 Michigan Journal of Race and Law 151 (Winter, 2021) C1-3Table of Contents R1-2INTRODUCTION . R3151. I. The Techno-Correctionist Tendency in Law & Technology. 155 II. Infusing the Critical Race Lens into the Legal Discourse. 158 A. Socially Constructed Technologies. 159 B. Technologies Constructing Social Reality. 162 III. Toward New Questions at the Intersection. 165 R1-2CONCLUSION . R3168. 2021 Yes
James Thuo Gathii WRITING RACE AND IDENTITY IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT: WHAT CRT AND TWAIL CAN LEARN FROM EACH OTHER 67 UCLA Law Review 1610 (April, 2021) This Article argues that issues of race and identity have so far been underemphasized, understudied, and undertheorized in mainstream international law. To address this major gap, this Article argues that there is an opportunity for learning, sharing, and collaboration between Critical Race Theorists (CRT) and scholars of Third World Approaches to... 2021 Yes
Walter I. Gonçalves, Jr. BANISHED AND OVERCRIMINALIZED: CRITICAL RACE PERSPECTIVES OF ILLEGAL ENTRY AND DRUG COURIER PROSECUTIONS 10 Columbia Journal of Race and Law 1 (2020) Scholarship on illegal entry and drug courier prosecutions fails to apply Critical Race Theory (CRT). Disregard of how these prosecutions contribute to racial stratification in and outside American prisons or how drug couriers experience intersectionality ignores sociological and cultural processes. Criminal justice professionals have racialized... 2020 Yes
Stewart Chang BRIDGING DIVIDES IN DIVISIVE TIMES: REVISITING THE MASSIE-FORTESCUE AFFAIR 42 University of Hawaii Law Review 4 (Spring, 2020) This Article revisits the infamous Massie-Fortescue rape and murder cases that occurred in Hawai'i during the 1930s, in order to challenge the methods by which race scholars have previously analyzed the case by relying on gender hierarchies. Thalia Massie, a white woman, accused five Hawaiians of gang raping her, even though they were of various... 2020 Yes
Heather L. Pickerell CRITICAL RACE THEORY & POWER: THE CASE FOR PROGRESSIVE PROSECUTION 36 Harvard Blackletter Law Journal 73 (Spring, 2020) This note makes the case for why scholars and members of the polity should identify and support genuinely progressive prosecutors. A key Critical Race Theory tenant--that legislation and favorable judicial decisions are often inadequate avenues to subvert power structures--holds true for criminal justice. Consequently, this note urges advocates to... 2020 Yes
T. Anansi Wilson FURTIVE BLACKNESS: ON BLACKNESS AND BEING 48 Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly 141 (Fall, 2020) Furtive Blackness: On Blackness and Being (Furtive Blackness) and The Strict Scrutiny of Black and BlaQueer Life (Strict Scrutiny) take a fresh approach to both criminal law and constitutional law; particularly as they apply to African descended peoples in the United States. This is an intervention as to the description of the terms of... 2020 Yes
Ann C. McGinley , Frank Rudy Cooper INTERSECTIONAL COHORTS, DIS/ABILITY, AND CLASS ACTIONS 47 Fordham Urban Law Journal 293 (February, 2020) This Article occupies the junction of dis/abilities studies and critical race theory. It joins the growing commentary analyzing the groundbreaking lawsuit by Compton, California students and teachers against the Compton school district brought under federal disability law and seeking class certification and injunctive relief in the form of teacher... 2020 Yes
George A. Martínez LAW, RACE, AND THE EPISTEMOLOGY OF IGNORANCE 17 Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal 507 (Summer, 2020) Philosophers and other theorists have developed the field of epistemology which is the study of human knowledge. Critical race theorists have begun to explore how epistemological theory and insights may illuminate the study of race, including the analysis of race and the law. Such use of epistemology is appropriate because theoretical work on... 2020 Yes
Julia Hernandez LAWYERING CLOSE TO HOME 27 Clinical Law Review 131 (Fall, 2020) This essay incorporates ethnographic insights and narrative technique, rooted in part in Critical Race Theory and critical geography studies, to ground conversations about transformative pedagogy and praxis in the lived experiences of our students. Many of our students fight for radical social change and enter law school hoping to gain new tools... 2020 Yes
Valencia Richardson, Editor-in-Chief, Volume 12 LETTER FROM THE EDITOR 12 Georgetown Journal of Law & Modern Critical Race Perspectives 81 (Fall, 2020) Dear Reader, Our staff envisioned Volume 12.2 of the Georgetown Journal of Law and Modern Critical Race Perspectives to follow a successful Symposium, but forces beyond our control changed our plans. Approximately two months before our planned Symposium date, a global pandemic broke out, cancelling plans across the world--including all in-person... 2020 Yes
Ciarra J. Minacci-Morey PERSONAL NARRATIVE AS A TOOL OF LEGAL ANALYSIS TO EVALUATE AND IMPROVE ACCESS TO ABORTION SERVICES FOR INDIGENOUS WOMEN IN CANADA 35 Connecticut Journal of International Law 272 (Fall, 2020) INTRODUCTION. 275 I. Overview and Summary of Abortion Law in Canada after 1988. 275 II. Availability and Access to Abortion Services in Canada. 278 A. Systematic and Structural Barriers. 278 B. Socioeconomic Class and Location Barriers. 281 III. Application of Personal Narrative, a Tool of Critical Race Theory, to Evaluate and Improve Access to... 2020 Yes
Kara W. Swanson RACE AND SELECTIVE LEGAL MEMORY: REFLECTIONS ON INVENTION OF A SLAVE 120 Columbia Law Review 1077 (May, 2020) In 1858, the United States Attorney General issued an opinion, Invention of a Slave, declaring inventions by African Americans, enslaved and free, unpatentable. Within a few years, legal changes that abolished the law of slavery rendered the opinion obsolete, and it became forgotten, dropped from legal memory. Combining history and Critical Race... 2020 Yes
Bridget J. Crawford, Kathryn M. Stanchi, Linda L. Berger , Gabrielle Appleby, Susan Frelich Appleton, Ross Astoria, Sharon Cowan, Rosalind Dixon, J. Troy Lavers, Andrea L. McArdle, Elisabeth McDonald, Teri A. McMurtry-Chubb, Vanessa E. Munro, Pamela A. Wi TEACHING WITH FEMINIST JUDGMENTS: A GLOBAL CONVERSATION 38 Law & Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice 1 (Winter, 2020) This conversational-style essay is an exchange among fourteen professors-- representing thirteen universities across five countries--with experience teaching with feminist judgments. Feminist judgments are shadow court decisions rewritten from a feminist perspective, using only the precedent in effect and the facts known at the time of the... 2020 Yes
Susan R. Jones THE CASE FOR LEADERSHIP COACHING IN LAW SCHOOLS: A NEW WAY TO SUPPORT PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY FORMATION 48 Hofstra Law Review 659 (Spring, 2020) Leadership coaching, a personalized and confidential form of professional and personal development, is a creative partnership between a coach and a client designed to empower the client toward greater self-reflection, clarity of purpose, meaningful change, accountability, and effective engagement in the world. At its core, leadership is about... 2020 Yes
L. Danielle Tully THE CULTURAL (RE)TURN: THE CASE FOR TEACHING CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE LAWYERING 16 Stanford Journal of Civil Rights & Civil Liberties 201 (June, 2020) Recent changes to the American Bar Association's (ABA) accreditation standards require law schools to adopt learning outcomes that demonstrate competencies for legal practice and to measure progress toward this goal. Absent from the new requirements, however, is any mention of culture. Instead, cultural competence is included as an optional... 2020 Yes
Daniel G. Solórzano , Lindsay Pérez Huber , Layla Huber-Verjan THEORIZING RACIAL MICROAFFIRMATIONS AS A RESPONSE TO RACIAL MICROAGGRESSIONS: COUNTERSTORIES ACROSS THREE GENERATIONS OF CRITICAL RACE SCHOLARS 18 Seattle Journal for Social Justice 185 (Spring, 2020) This article follows a Critical Race tradition of counterstorytelling to tell three stories from across three generations of Critical Race Scholars in Education. In each of our stories, we explain how we came to research racial microaggressions and how this work eventually led us to our current theorizing of racial microaffirmations. We have... 2020 Yes
Steven L. Nelson TOWARDS A TRANSNATIONAL CRITICAL RACE THEORY IN EDUCATION: PROPOSING CRITICAL RACE THIRD WORLD APPROACHES TO EDUCATION POLICY 26 William and Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice 303 (Winter, 2020) Scholars have applied Critical Race Theory in both domestic and international contexts; however, a theory on the transnational role of race and racism in education policy has not emerged. In this Article, I borrow from the tenets of Critical Race Theory (CRT) and Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL) to formulate Critical Race Third... 2020 Yes
I. Bennett Capers AFROFUTURISM, CRITICAL RACE THEORY, AND POLICING IN THE YEAR 2044 94 New York University Law Review Rev. 1 (April, 2019) In 2044, the United States is projected to become a majority-minority country, with people of color making up more than half of the population. And yet in the public imagination--from Robocop to Minority Report, from Star Trek to Star Wars, from A Clockwork Orange to 1984 to Brave New World--the future is usually envisioned as majority white.... 2019 Yes
Mathias Möschel BOOK REVIEW: JAMES WHITMAN'S HITLER'S AMERICAN MODEL. THE UNITED STATES AND THE MAKING OF NAZI RACE LAW 20 German Law Journal 510 (May, 2019) (Received Summer/Autumn 2018; accepted 20 November 2018) This book was an absolutely fascinating read, especially for someone who is Austrian-German and who has been working on how American Critical Race Theory does or does not travel from the United States to continental European civil rights systems. Discovering that almost 100 years earlier a... 2019 Yes
Carolyn Grose , Margaret E. Johnson BRAIDING THE STRANDS OF NARRATIVE AND CRITICAL REFLECTION WITH CRITICAL THEORY AND LAWYERING PRACTICE 26 Clinical Law Review 203 (Fall, 2019) This Essay, reflecting on the Clinical Law Review's 25th Anniversary, explores our ever-evolving thinking about narrative theory and its impact on clinical pedagogy and lawyering practice. Because narrative theory teaches that we can choose to organize a story any way we see fit, we choose to start very close to the beginning--way back in 1997,... 2019 Yes
Brandon Hogan DERRICK BELL'S DILEMMA 20 Berkeley Journal of African-American Law & Policy 1 (2019) The scholarship of Derrick Bell, acclaimed critical race theorist and constitutional law scholar, continues to animate discussions outside and inside of legal academia. Cornel West, for example, recently criticized Ta-Nehisi Coates' pessimism about racial progress, arguing that Coates' approach lacks the appeal to black struggle that is present in... 2019 Yes
Brandon Stump FOREWORD 57 Duquesne Law Review 1 (Winter, 2019) This issue of the Duquesne Law Review provides readers with multiple opportunities to reconsider facets of legal academia many have probably considered static, immutable, or just the way things are. I have a background in critical race theory and civil rights law. I earned a J.D., practiced law, and then returned to school to earn an M.F.A. in... 2019 Yes
Dorothy E. Roberts FOREWORD: ABOLITION CONSTITUTIONALISM 133 Harvard Law Review 1 (November, 2019) C1-3CONTENTS L1-2Introduction . R33. I. The New Abolitionists. 11 A. The Prison Industrial Complex and the Carceral State. 12 B. Abolition Praxis: Past, Present, Future. 19 1. Slavery Origins. 19 (a) Police. 20 (b) Prisons. 29 (c) Death Penalty. 38 2. Not a Malfunction.. 42 3. A Society Without Prisons.. 43 C. The Unfinished Abolition Struggle. 48... 2019 Yes
Kevin Brown, Antonio Williams OUT OF BOUNDS: A CRITICAL RACE THEORY PERSPECTIVE ON 'PAY FOR PLAY' 29 Journal of Legal Aspects of Sport 30 (2019) Under the amateur/education model, the amount of funding that colleges and universities can provide to their student-athletes is limited to the athletes' cost of attending their institution. This model makes sense for most college sports, but National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision and Division I men's... 2019 Yes
Nicole Walker REACTION TO: "WE'RE ALL FRENCH . UNTIL WE'RE NOT: THE CONSTITUTIONAL STRATIFICATION OF FRENCH ETHNIC MINORITIES" 11 Georgetown Journal of Law & Modern Critical Race Perspectives 205 (Fall, 2019) Critical race theory often overlooks modern day anti-black, anti-immigrant, and anti-Muslim racism in European countries. Similarly, other insular discrimination is ignored in the Western context, such as the effect of racial disparities on Afro-Caribbean, genderqueer, immigrant, and disabled minorities. Accordingly, Perkins' Note on racism in... 2019 Yes
Adrian Jamal McLain , Steven L. Nelson REFRAMING THE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION DEBATE TO MOVE BEYOND ARGUMENTS FOR DIVERSITY AND INTEREST CONVERGENCE 24 Barry Law Review 83 (Spring, 2019) Critical race theorists have long accepted the interest convergence dilemma as indispensable in discussions of civil rights in the United States. In this paper, we argue that the interest convergence dilemma is insufficient to account for outcomes that show persistently and consistently inequitable academic, social, and occupational opportunities... 2019 Yes
Steven L. Nelson, J.D., Ph.D. SPECIAL EDUCATION, OVERREPRESENTATION, AND END-RUNNING EDUCATION FEDERALISM: THEORIZING TOWARDS A FEDERALLY PROTECTED RIGHT TO EDUCATION FOR BLACK STUDENTS 20 Loyola Journal of Public Interest Law 205 (Spring, 2019) INTRODUCTION AND STATEMENT OF POSITIONALITY I. Summarizing the Fight for a Federal Right to Education II. A Critical Race Perspective on the Foundations of Overrepresentation of Black Students in Special Education Programs A. Examining the Racial Roots of Racial Disproportionality in Special Education B. Implementing Special Education in Urban... 2019 Yes
Anjali Vats , Deidré A. Keller CRITICAL RACE IP 36 Cardozo Arts and Entertainment Law Journal 735 (2018) ABSTRACT. 736 Introduction. 737 I. Why Critical Race IP. 743 A. The Rise of the Intellectual Property Economy. 746 B. From CLS to Critical IP. 752 II. Locating Critical Race IP. 755 A. What is the Race in Critical Race IP?. 759 B. What is the IP in Critical Race IP?. 762 C. (Un)bounding Critical Race IP. 764 1. Storytelling as Critical Race IP... 2018 Yes
Theanne Liu ETHNIC STUDIES AS ANTISUBORDINATION EDUCATION: A CRITICAL RACE THEORY APPROACH TO EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION REMEDIES 11 Washington University Jurisprudence Review 165 (2018) This Note will use a critical race theory lens to argue that most trainings on equal employment opportunity (EEO), diversity, or implicit bias operate as a restrictive remedy to Title VII race discrimination violations, and that incorporating an ethnic studies framework into these trainings can further an expansive view of antidiscrimination law.... 2018 Yes
Emily M.S. Houh RECLAIMING THE INTELLECTUAL 44 Ohio Northern University Law Review 305 (2018) I was invited to deliver the September 2017 Dean's Lecture, on which this essay is based, in March of 2017, shortly after the inauguration of Donald J. Trump as the 45 president of the United States. I had originally planned to present on one of my longstanding research areas, the intersections of contract law and critical race theory, but as the... 2018 Yes
Shameka Stanford , Bahiyyah Muhammad THE CONFLUENCE OF LANGUAGE AND LEARNING DISORDERS AND THE SCHOOL-TO-PRISON PIPELINE AMONG MINORITY STUDENTS OF COLOR: A CRITICAL RACE THEORY 26 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy and the Law 691 (2018) Introduction. 691 I. Decreased Access to Services for Minority Students with Language and Learning Disorders. 695 II. Zero Tolerance Policy in Schools. 699 III. Symbolic Racism: Harsh Disciplinary Laws in Low-Ses Title I Schools. 703 IV. The School-To-Prison Pipeline: Punishment Policy in Schools. 711 V. The Correlation Between Special Education... 2018 Yes
Tryon P. Woods THE IMPLICIT BIAS OF IMPLICIT BIAS THEORY 10 Drexel Law Review 631 (2018) Legal liberalism, as well as critical race theory, has examined issues of race, racism, and equality by focusing on the exclusion and marginalization of those subjects and bodies marked as different and/or inferior. The disadvantage of this approach is that the proposed remedies and correctives to the problem-- inclusion, protection, and greater... 2018 Yes
Elizabeth Teebagy WHITE PRIVILEGE AND RACIAL NARRATIVES: THE ROLE OF RACE IN MEDIA STORYTELLING OF SEXUAL ASSAULTS BY COLLEGE ATHLETES 21 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 479 (Winter, 2018) I. Introduction. 479 II. Background. 482 A. Critical Race Theory. 482 1. White Privilege. 483 2. Interest-Convergence. 483 3. The Myth of the Hypersexualized and Dangerous Black Man. 484 a. Implicit Bias and Confirmation Bias. 485 B. Media and Racialized Crime Narratives. 486 C. The Relationship Between Sexual Assault and Collegiate Athletics. 487... 2018 Yes
Ruha Benjamin CULTURA OBSCURA: RACE, POWER, AND "CULTURE TALK" IN THE HEALTH SCIENCES 43 American Journal of Law & Medicine 225 (2017) The price of culture is a Lie. This Article advances a critical race approach to the health sciences by examining culture talk as a discursive repertoire that attributes distinct beliefs, behaviors, and dispositions to ethno-racialized groups. Culture talk entails a twofold process of obfuscation--concealing the social reality of the people it... 2017 Yes
Jeffrey L. Dunoff FANFARE FOR THE COMMON MAN: AN APPRECIATION OF PROFESSOR HENRY RICHARDSON'S SCHOLARSHIP 31 Temple International and Comparative Law Journal 341 (Spring, 2017) In 1942, Eugene Goosens, conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, asked a number of artists to compose fanfares, which Goosens thought would boost national morale and assist the war effort. In response, Aaron Copeland produced what would soon become one of the nation's most beloved anthems, although he had difficulty selecting a title for... 2017 Yes
Khiara M. Bridges, Terence Keel, Osagie K. Obasogie INTRODUCTION: CRITICAL RACE THEORY AND THE HEALTH SCIENCES 43 American Journal of Law & Medicine 179 (2017) This symposium volume begins with a simple provocation: race and racism are central to the development of medicine and the health sciences. If pursuits of health equity are to be taken seriously, this repositioning of race as central rather than peripheral to science and medicine suggests that improved health outcomes and reduced disparities cannot... 2017 Yes
Shannon Weeks McCormack POSTPARTUM TAXATION AND THE SQUEEZED OUT MOM 105 Georgetown Law Journal 1323 (June, 2017) Faced with too-short (or nonexistent) maternity leaves, inflexible work schedules, and the soaring costs of childcare in the United States, many new mothers temporarily leave the workforce to care for their young children. Although media attention has focused on the opt-out mom, many more mothers are squeezed out of the external workplace. But... 2017 Yes
Osagie K. Obasogie , Irene Headen , Mahasin S. Mujahid RACE, LAW, AND HEALTH DISPARITIES: TOWARD A CRITICAL RACE INTERVENTION 13 Annual Review of Law and Social Science 313 (2017) health disparities, health equity, critical race theory, social determinants In response to persistent and pervasive differences in health across racial and ethnic groups in the United States, there is a national commitment to achieving health equity, or optimal levels of health for all. Achieving health equity and eliminating health disparities is... 2017 Yes
Lahny R. Silva RINGING THE BELL: THE RIGHT TO COUNSEL AND THE INTEREST CONVERGENCE DILEMMA 82 Missouri Law Review 133 (Winter, 2017) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 133 II. Judicial Decision-Making and the Interest Convergence Paradigm. 137 A. Overview of Existing Models. 138 B. Interest Convergence. 140 1. The Theory. 141 2. The Critique. 144 3. Use of the Frame. 147 III. Convergence: Powell and Gideon. 148 IV. Retrenchment, Divergence, and Effective Assistance of... 2017 Yes
Peter Halewood, Donna Young RULE OF LAW, ACTIVISM, AND EQUALITY: GROWING ANTISUBORDINATION NORMS WITHIN THE NEOLIBERAL UNIVERSITY 50 John Marshall Law Review 249 (Winter, 2017) I. Introduction. 249 II. Campus Protest as Catalyst for Social Change. 253 III. The Nexus of Campus Activism to Law Reform. 256 A. Affirmative Action and Diversity. 257 B. Does Title VI Address Student Concerns?. 261 C. The Failure of Antidiscrimination Doctrine. 262 D. The Battle over the First Amendment. 264 IV. Activism, Neoliberalism, and the... 2017 Yes
Antonia Eliason WITH NO DELIBERATE SPEED: THE SEGREGATION OF ROMA CHILDREN IN EUROPE 27 Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law 191 (Winter, 2017) C1-2TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION. 192 I. THE ROMA IN EUROPE. 193 II. CRITICAL RACE THEORY AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THE ROMA. 200 A. An Overview of Critical Race Theory. 200 B. Critical Race Theory and the Segregation of Roma Children. 205 III. EU AND NATIONAL ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LAWS AND JURISPRUDENCE. 210 A. The Race Equality Directive. 212 B.... 2017 Yes
Eli Wald , Russell G. Pearce BEING GOOD LAWYERS: A RELATIONAL APPROACH TO LAW PRACTICE 29 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 601 (Summer, 2016) In response to past generations of debates regarding whether law is a business or profession, we advance an alternative approach that rejects the dichotomies of business and profession, or hired gun and wise counselor. Instead, we propose a relational account of law practice. Unlike frameworks grounded in assumptions of atomistic individualism or... 2016 Yes
Michael Omi , Howard Winant BLINDED BY SIGHT: THE RACIAL BODY AND THE ORIGINS OF THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF RACE 41 Law and Social Inquiry 1062 (Fall, 2016) Obasogie, Osagie K. 2013. Blinded by Sight: Seeing Race Through the Eyes of the Blind. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Osagie K. Obasogie's Blinded by Sight: Seeing Race through the Eyes of the Blind (2014) makes important contributions to both to the sociology of law and to critical race studies. The book challenges colorblind racial... 2016 Yes
Devon W. Carbado BLUE-ON-BLACK VIOLENCE: A PROVISIONAL MODEL OF SOME OF THE CAUSES 104 Georgetown Law Journal 1479 (August, 2016) This Article offers a theoretical model that explains the persistence of what I will call blue-on-black violence. Six features comprise the model. First, a variety of social forces converge to make African-Americans vulnerable to ongoing police surveillance and contact. Second, the frequency of this surveillance and contact exposes... 2016 Yes
Chad G. Marzen , William Woodyard II CATHOLIC SOCIAL TEACHING, THE RIGHT TO IMMIGRATE, AND THE RIGHT TO REGULATE BORDERS: A PROPOSED SOLUTION FOR COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM BASED UPON CATHOLIC SOCIAL PRINCIPLES 53 San Diego Law Review 781 (Fall, 2016) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 783 I. The Current Debate Concerning Immigration Reform. 793 A. Immigration to the U.S.--Statistical Trends and the Emerging Issues of Immigration to the U.S. 793 B. Background of Key Modern Immigration Laws. 794 1. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. 795 2. Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant... 2016 Yes
Kim E. Clark CRITICAL RACE THEORY, TRANSFORMATION AND PRAXIS 45 Southwestern Law Review 795 (2016) I suggest that through Critical Race Theory (CRT), race can or should become the preamble to all the social justice work we do. This can be achieved by engaging in what I call oppositional cultural practice (the process of inward and outward criticism and critique that brings about a spiritual transformation that then provides space to create and... 2016 Yes
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