AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Terms in Title or Summary
Edward J. McCaffery ENOUGH INSANITY? A CALL FOR A (MORE) CRITICAL TAX THEORY 20 Pittsburgh Tax Review 419 (Spring, 2023) I am delighted to be at this Conference on Protecting Dynastic Wealth: Perspectives on the Role of Estate and Gift Tax in Perpetuating Inequality and to be giving this talk, for several reasons. One, the setting brings back fond memories of Larry Frolik and Bill Brown, wonderful tax scholars whom I almost joined on the Pittsburgh Law School faculty... 2023  
Antonio M. Coronado ENVISIONING REPARATIVE LEGAL PEDAGOGIES 30 Clinical Law Review 65 (Fall, 2023) As numerous reports, student movements, and forms of scholarship-activism have noted, the traditional U.S. law school classroom remains a space of hierarchy, privilege, and unnamed systems of power. Particularly for students holding historically marginalized and minoritized identities, legal education remains both a remnant of and conduit for... 2023  
James A. Macleod EVIDENCE LAW'S BLIND SPOTS 109 Iowa Law Review 189 (November, 2023) ABSTRACT: Evidence law is about information disclosure: what should we tell the jury, and what should we hide from it? Under the narrow, traditional vision of evidence law, judges consider whether providing the jury a given piece of information would unfairly prejudice a party, preventing a just determination of the case at hand. But this... 2023  
Bradan Litzinger EXPEDITED EXPUNGEMENT AND ITS LIMITS: AB 2147 AS A PEAK OF PROGRESS 70 UCLA Law Review 1274 (November, 2023) In September 2020, California Governor Gavin Newsom signed Assembly Bill (AB) 2147, a bill creating an expedited expungement process for prisoners in California's Conservation Camp Program. This bill purportedly removed a barrier that kept formerly incarcerated firefighters locked out of postrelease employment as professional firefighters. Experts... 2023  
Uma Mazyck Jayakumar EXPERT REPORT OF DR. UMA JAYAKUMAR 4 North Carolina Civil Rights Law Review 108 (Fall, 2023) III. Factual Background and Assumptions. 109 IV. Educational Benefits of Diversity. 110 V. Obtaining Dynamic Diversity on College Campuses. 113 A. Obtaining the Educational Benefits of Diversity Requires Meaningful Student Participation and Cross-Racial Interaction. 114 1. Meaningful Participation. 114 2. Meaningful Cross-Racial Interactions. 119... 2023  
Elizabeth Chu , James S. Liebman , Madeline Sims , Tim Wang FAMILY MOVES AND THE FUTURE OF PUBLIC EDUCATION 54 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 469 (Spring, 2023) State laws compel school-aged children to attend school while fully funding only public schools. Especially following the COVID-19 pandemic, this arrangement is under attack--from some for unconstitutionally coercing families to expose their children to non-neutral values to which they object and from others for ignoring the developmental needs of... 2023  
Jacob A. Bennett, M.F.A., Ph.D., Todd A. DeMitchell, Ed.D. FEDERAL DISTRICT COURT FINDS PLAUSIBLE CLAIMS AGAINST "DIVISIVE CONCEPTS" LAW: LOCAL 8027, AFT-N.H., AFL-CIO v. EDELBLUT 414 West's Education Law Reporter 1 (9/28/2023) On January 12, 2023, at a public hearing of bills before the New Hampshire House Education Committee, Deborah Nelson had just finished delivering her testimony in support of HB61, which would repeal the state's divisive concepts legislation passed in 2021. When the committee chair asked if there were any follow-up questions, Representative Alicia... 2023  
Rona Kaufman FEMINIST LEGAL THEORY AND STONE'S PANES OF THE GLASS CEILING 17 FIU Law Review 771 (Spring, 2023) I. Introduction. 771 II. Part I: The Modern Women's Movement. 784 A. The Evolutionary and Revolutionary Phases of Women's Employment. 791 III. Part II: Stone's Panes. 794 A. We See You Differently Than We See Men. 795 B. We Expect You to Take Your (Verbal) Punches Like a Man. 796 C. Accept Locker Room and Sexist Talk. 797 D. You Don't... 2023  
Robert D. Dinerstein , Elliott S. Milstein , Ann C. Shalleck FIFTY YEARS OF CLINICAL LEGAL EDUCATION AT AMERICAN UNIVERSITY WASHINGTON COLLEGE OF LAW: THE EVOLUTION OF A MOVEMENT IN THEORY, PRACTICE, AND PEOPLE 31 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy and the Law 257 (2023) I. Introduction. 258 II. The Formative Years. 260 A. Hard Money vs. Soft Money. 263 B. Early Program Design. 265 1. LAWCOR. 265 2. Public Interest Law Clinic and the National Veterans Law Center. 265 C. The National Scene-The Fight Over Title IX Leads to the Creation of the Clinical Movement. 267 D. Creating a Clinical Faculty. 269 III. The Role of... 2023  
Lynnise Phillips Pantin FINANCIAL INCLUSION, CRYPTOCURRENCY, AND AFROFUTURISM 118 Northwestern University Law Review 621 (2023) Abstract--As a community, Black people consistently face barriers to full participation in traditional financial markets. The decentralized nature of the cryptocurrency market is attractive to a community that has been historically and systematically excluded from the traditional financial markets by both private and public actors. As new entrants... 2023  
Dawn C. Nunziato FIRST AMENDMENT PROTECTIONS FOR "GOOD TROUBLE" 72 Emory Law Journal 1187 (2023) In the classical era of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, activists and protestors sought to march, demonstrate, stage sit-ins, speak up, and denounce the system of racial oppression in our country. This was met not just by counterspeech--the preferred response within our constitutional framework--but also by efforts by the... 2023  
Peter W. Wood FREE SPEECH IN ACADEMIA 27 Texas Review of Law and Politics 761 (Summer, 2023) Introduction. 762 I. Incredulity circa 2013. 766 II. Seven Sources of Campus Opposition to Free Speech. 771 III. The Overton Window. 776 IV. The After-Life of Free Speech. 778 V. Restoration?. 783 2023  
Kevin T. Baine FREE SPEECH ON CAMPUS: THE ATTACK FROM WITHIN 51 Hofstra Law Review 397 (Spring, 2023) For some time now, it has been apparent that free speech is under attack on university campuses--where controversial speakers are shouted down or uninvited, faculty members are threatened with discipline for expressing unpopular views, and students are afraid to speak their minds for fear of being ostracized or harassed by their peers. That is not... 2023  
Jamie M. Jenkins FREE THEIR MINDS: LEGACIES OF ATTICA AND THE THREAT OF BOOKS TO THE CARCERAL STATE 123 Columbia Law Review 2321 (December, 2023) Book bans and censorship battles have garnered considerable attention in recent years, but one of the most critical battlegrounds is kept out of the public eye. Prison officials can ban any book that threatens the security or operations of their facility. This means that the knowledge access rights of incarcerated people are subject to the... 2023  
Maxine Eichner FREE-MARKET FAMILY POLICY AND THE NEW PARENTAL RIGHTS LAWS 101 North Carolina Law Review 1305 (June, 2023) How can government best support children's interests? Recently, federal and state policies have suggested conflicting answers to this question. One answer comes from a series of economic measures supporting families that were passed by Congress during the pandemic. These measures rested on the rationale that families do better when they are... 2023  
Mary Holper GANG ACCUSATIONS: THE BEAST THAT BURDENS NONCITIZENS 89 Brooklyn Law Review 119 (Fall, 2023) A teenager from El Salvador attends a high school that is populated mostly by Latine youth. He finds his friends in a group of boys. He gets into a scuffle with another boy. Little does he know, with each of these interactions, he has been accruing points in a database that tracks gang membership and affiliation. The friendships earn him two... 2023  
Renee Nicole Allen GET OUT: STRUCTURAL RACISM AND ACADEMIC TERROR 29 William and Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice 599 (Spring, 2023) The horror is that America . changes all the time, without ever changing at all. --James Baldwin Released in 2017, Jordan Peele's critically acclaimed film Get Out explores the horrors of racism. The film's plot involves the murder and appropriation of Black bodies for the benefit of wealthy, white people. After luring Black people to their country... 2023  
David A. Grenardo GETTING TO THE ROOT OF THE PROBLEM: WHERE ARE ALL THE BLACK OWNERS IN SPORTS? 91 UMKC Law Review 727 (Summer, 2023) As my sufferings mounted I soon realized that there were two ways in which I could respond to my situation--either to react with bitterness or seek to transform the suffering into a creative force. I decided to follow the latter course.--Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Many decry the lack of Black and other minority head coaches and team executives... 2023  
Fabio de Sa e Silva GOOD BYE, LIBERAL-LEGAL DEMOCRACY! 48 Law and Social Inquiry 292 (February, 2023) Steven Levitsky and Daniel Zibblat. How Democracies Die. New York: Crown, 2018. Javier Corrales. The Authoritarian Resurgence: Autocratic Legalism in Venezuela. Journal of Democracy 48, no. 1 (2015): 37-51. Kim Lane Scheppele. Autocratic Legalism. University of Chicago Law Review 48, no. 1 (2018): 545-84. Tom Ginsburg and Aziz Z. Huq. How to... 2023  
Eva Nave HATE SPEECH, HISTORICAL OPPRESSIONS, AND EUROPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS 29 Buffalo Human Rights Law Review 83 (2022-2023) Today, around 5 billion people communicate through the Internet. While the benefits of online communication are undeniable, we also witness the proliferation of online hate speech, often associated with an increase in offline violence. Internet intermediaries and public bodies have developed frameworks to counter online hate speech. However,... 2023  
Zachary A. Kayal HE/SHE/THEY "SAY GAY": A FIRST AMENDMENT FRAMEWORK FOR REGULATING CLASSROOM SPEECH ON GENDER AND SEXUALITY 57 Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems 57 (Fall, 2023) In an era of profound polarization over the nature of gender and sexuality, and children's exposure to discussions thereof, states and school boards of all political inclinations are moving swiftly to regulate educators' speech about such topics in public classrooms. Liberal authorities enact pronoun policies requiring teachers to use transgender... 2023  
Chelsea J. Gaudet HEALTHCARE REPARATIONS IN CALIFORNIA 60 San Diego Law Review 569 (August-September, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 569 II. Weathering. 570 III. Obstacles to Effectively Treating Weathering. 573 IV. Achieving Task Force Objectives. 576 V. Healthcare Reparations. 579 VI. Conclusion. 584 2023  
Brie D. Sherwin HOCUS POCUS: MODERN-DAY MANIFESTATIONS OF WITCH HUNTS 19 Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy 1 (Fall, 2023) Witch hunts have never been about facts or evidence; rather they are about beliefs often fueled by fear. Witch hunts of the past persecuted the powerless - typically women or those who did not fit into societal norms. More recently, the term witch hunt has reappeared with great fervor in the political arena, used by the powerful to generate... 2023  
Ryan Kellus Turner, Elizabeth Rozacky HOT TOPICS IN TEXAS CRIMINAL JUSTICE 2020: A PANDEMIC TIME CAPSULE 24 Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice 443 (2023) Introduction. 445 I. The Meaning of Criminal Justice. 447 A. The Criminal Justice System. 448 B. Law and Its Essential Features. 450 C. What about Justice?. 452 II. The Intersection of Public Safety, Public Health, and Law. 455 A. The Mask Debate. 455 1. Buckle Up: Other Familiar Controversies Regarding Liberty and Death. 459 2. A Novel... 2023  
Abigail Palmquist HOW AN AMENDED RIGHT TO EDUCATION COULD MEANINGFULLY IMPROVE CALIFORNIA'S CLASSROOMS 55 University of the Pacific Law Review 103 (November, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 104 II. The Evolution of the Constitutional Right to Education in California and Nationwide. 107 A. The History of California's Right to Education. 107 B. California Courts' Interpretation of the Right to Education. 108 1. Right-to-Education Cases Before 2016. 108 2. Right-to-Education Cases After 2016. 110 C.... 2023  
Michael Conklin HOWARD LAW SCHOOL, RACE, AND PEER RANKINGS: THE INCREASING CORRELATION BETWEEN RACIAL SALIENCE AND PREFERENTIAL RANKINGS 59 Willamette Law Review 189 (Spring, 2023) In 2020, novel research was conducted to measure disparities between the U.S. News & World Report overall rankings and the peer rankings of law schools. The research uncovered a stark outlier in Howard University School of Law, whose peer rank was consistently twenty to forty spots higher than its overall rank. This Article updates the research,... 2023  
Nina Farnia IMPERIALISM AND BLACK DISSENT 75 Stanford Law Review 397 (February, 2023) Abstract. As U.S. imperialism expanded during the twentieth century, the modern national security state came into being and became a major force in the suppression of Black dissent. This Article reexamines the modern history of civil liberties law and policy and contends that Black Americans have historically had uneven access to the right to... 2023  
S. Ernie Walton IN LOCO PARENTIS, THE FIRST AMENDMENT, AND PARENTAL RIGHTS--CAN THEY COEXIST IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS? 55 Texas Tech Law Review 461 (Spring, 2023) C1-3Table of Contents I. Introduction. 462 II. Historical Doctrine. 466 A. Common Law England. 466 B. In Loco Parentis and Public Education in the Early Days of the American Republic. 469 C. In Loco Parentis in American Courts. 472 D. In Loco Parentis After Ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment. 474 III. Supreme Court Jurisprudence. 476 IV. A... 2023  
Michael Conklin INCREASING IDEOLOGICAL DISCRIMINATION IN LAW SCHOOL RANKINGS: MEASURING THE CONSERVATIVE PENALTY AND LIBERAL BONUS WITH UPDATED 2024 RANKINGS DATA 16 Tennessee Journal of Law and Policy 77 (Fall, 2023) In 2020, novel research was conducted to measure whether, and to what extent, the U.S. News & World Report peer rankings punish conservative law schools and reward liberal law schools. The study discovered a significant conservative penalty and liberal bonus that amounted to a difference in the peer rankings of twenty-eight spots. A follow-up study... 2023  
Keiteyana I. Parks INDIGENOUS BOARDING SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA: POTENTIAL ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR REDRESS AS THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT INITIATES FORMAL INVESTIGATION 47 American Indian Law Review 37 (2022-2023) [T]he first step to justice is acknowledging these painful truths and gaining a full understanding of their impacts so that we can unravel the threads of trauma and injustice that linger. The development of the United States as a country is entwined with a legacy of painful efforts to eradicate the cultures and the presence of individuals deemed... 2023  
Alicia R. Jackson INHERENTLY UNEQUAL: THE EFFECT OF STRUCTURAL RACISM AND BIAS ON K-12 SCHOOL DISCIPLINE 88 Brooklyn Law Review 459 (Winter, 2023) The true character of society is revealed in how it treats its children.-- Nelson Mandela Overly harsh and discriminatory school discipline policies and biased decision-making practices have led to the disproportionate punishment of Black children, causing them to be excluded from classroom learning and creating a separate and unequal education... 2023  
Allyson E. Gold INSURING JUSTICE 101 North Carolina Law Review 729 (March, 2023) Many landlords do not carry liability insurance, which means that many residents have little chance of recovery after being harmed by dangerous housing conditions. More disabling injuries occur in homes than in workplaces and motor vehicles combined. These risks disproportionately affect low-income, minority tenants. Because state laws do not... 2023  
Richard Delgado , Allen Slater INTEREST CONVERGENCE IN IMMIGRATION LAW AND THEORY 73 Case Western Reserve Law Review 771 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Contents Introduction. 772 I. Immigration Law Scholarship: A Critical Desert. 779 II. Derrick Bell's Interest-Convergence Hypothesis. 780 III. Applying Interest Convergence to Present-Day Immigration Law and Practice--Six Constituencies with a Stake in Change. 782 A. Retirees. 783 B. The Military. 785 C. Major Corporations and the Economy. 787... 2023  
Jon D. Michaels , Emme M. Tyler JUST-RIGHT GOVERNMENT: INTERSTATE COMPACTS AND MULTISTATE GOVERNANCE IN AN ERA OF POLITICAL POLARIZATION, POLICY PARALYSIS, AND BAD-FAITH PARTISANSHIP 98 Indiana Law Journal 863 (Spring, 2023) Those committed to addressing the political, economic, and moral crises of the day--voting rights, racial justice, reproductive autonomy, gaping inequality, LGBTQ rights, and public health and safety--don't know where to turn. Federal legislative and regulatory pathways are choked off by senators quick to filibuster and by judges eager to strike... 2023  
Susan Azyndar , Chava Spivak-Birndorf , Susan David deMaine , Matt Timko KEEPING UP WITH NEW LEGAL TITLES 115 Law Library Journal 205 (2023) Barton, Benjamin H. The Credentialed Court: Inside the Cloistered, Elite World of American Justice. New York: Encounter Books, 2022.361p. $31.99. Reviewed by Jennifer Mart-Rice ¶1 The Supreme Court stands as the highest tribunal in the United States, as a beacon of justice and hope for many. It has changed since its creation, evolving with the... 2023  
Raquel E. Aldana , Emile Loza de Siles , Solangel Maldonado , Rachel F. Moran LATINAS IN THE LEGAL ACADEMY: PROGRESS AND PROMISE 26 Harvard Latin American Law Review 183 (Spring, 2023) The 2022 Inaugural Graciela Olivárez Latinas in the Legal Academy (GO LILA) Workshop convened seventy-four outstanding and powerful Latina law professors and professional legal educators (collectively, Latinas in the legal academy, or LILAs) to document and celebrate our individual and collective journeys and to grow stronger together. In... 2023  
Ed Morales LATINX: RESERVING THE RIGHT TO THE POWER OF NAMING 39 Chicana/o-Latina/o Law Review 209 (2023) The label Latinx was originally conceived of by activists and academics to be inclusive of non-binary and LGBTQIA people, but when it came into wider use in the mid-2010s, it generated pushback from both conservatives and moderates. Recently there have been attempts to ban the term by a governor and a state legislature, with even Democratic Arizona... 2023  
Jennifer M. Chacón LEGAL BORDERLANDS AND IMPERIAL LEGACIES: A RESPONSE TO MAGGIE BLACKHAWK'S THE CONSTITUTION OF AMERICAN COLONIALISM 137 Harvard Law Review Forum 1 (November, 2023) What are the borderlands? In her brilliant and sweeping exploration of the constitution of American colonialism, Professor Maggie Blackhawk references the borderlands dozens of times. She ultimately looks to the borderlands for constitutional salvation, extracting six principles of borderlands constitutionalism that she urges us to reckon with... 2023  
Matthew S. Erie LEGAL SYSTEMS INSIDE OUT: AMERICAN LEGAL EXCEPTIONALISM AND CHINA'S DREAM OF LEGAL COSMOPOLITANISM 44 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 731 (Spring, 2023) What is the relationship between a legal system's foreign-facing elements and its domestic ones? Contrary to dualistic theories (dualism, legal dualism, the dual state, etc.) which may suggest that a single legal system may encompass qualitatively different regimes regarding foreign and domestic legal questions, this Article takes the view... 2023  
Jennie A. Hill LEGITIMATE STATE INTEREST OR EDUCATIONAL CENSORSHIP: THE CHILLING EFFECT OF OKLAHOMA HOUSE BILL 1775 75 Oklahoma Law Review 385 (Winter, 2023) The Oklahoma Legislature crawls into classrooms way too much and tells classroom teachers, which we are short on by the way, what they can and can't do .. [This bill] reeks of something that is not local . and that we do not need to be addressing in this building. The bill--Oklahoma House Bill 1775--originally created emergency medical... 2023  
David Schraub LIBERAL JEWS AND RELIGIOUS LIBERTY 98 New York University Law Review 1556 (November, 2023) The Supreme Court's new religious liberty jurisprudence has dramatically expanded the circumstances in which religious objectors can claim exemption from general legislative enactments. Thus far, most of the claimants who've taken advantage of these doctrinal innovations have been conservative Christians seeking to avoid liberal policy initiatives... 2023  
Brandon Paradise , Fr. Sergey Trostyanskiy LIBERALISM AND ORTHODOXY: A SEARCH FOR MUTUAL APPREHENSION 98 Notre Dame Law Review 1657 (May, 2023) This Article seeks to evaluate and contextualize recently intensifying Christian critiques of liberalism's intellectual and moral claims. Much of this recent critique has been from Catholic and Protestant quarters. Christianity's third major branch--Orthodox Christianity--has not played a prominent role in current critiques of liberalism. This... 2023  
Francisco Valdes MAPPING AND MOBILIZING LEGAL CRITICALITIES: MAKING THE MOVE FROM DIASPORA TO COLLECTIVE OR LEGAL SCHOLARS MAKING A DIFFERENCE AS CULTURAL WARRIORS 100 Denver Law Review 625 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 625 I. Identity, Ideology, Inequality: Mounting Cultural Warfare by Force of Law--and by Unlawful Force. 634 II. Racial Totalitarianism: Using History, Knowledge, and Education for Mind Control--and for Group Dominance. 644 III. Recent Developments in U.S. Academia: The Critical (Legal) Collective Coalesces. 654... 2023  
Vivian Eulalia Hamilton MENSTRUAL JUSTICE IN THEORETICAL CONTEXT 98 New York University Law Review Online 133 (April, 2023) This Essay reviews and places into theoretical contexts Bridget Crawford and Emily Waldman's invaluable book Menstruation Matters. Although the authors themselves do not explicitly label the theoretical approach that undergirds their work, much of Menstruation Matters: Challenging the Law's Silence on Periods falls within the liberal feminist legal... 2023  
Kevin Tobia METHODOLOGY AND INNOVATION IN JURISPRUDENCE, ELUCIDATING LAW BY JULIE DICKSON. OXFORD, UK: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2022. PP. 208. $110.00 123 Columbia Law Review 2483 (December, 2023) Jurisprudence aims to identify and explain important features of law. To accomplish this task, what method should one employ? Elucidating Law, a tour de force in the philosophy of legal philosophy, develops an instructive account of how philosophers elucidate law, which in turn elucidates jurisprudence's own aims and methods. This Review... 2023  
Gerald Torres NEPANTLA/COATLICUE/CONOCIMIENTO 121 Michigan Law Review 1147 (April, 2023) Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza. By Gloria Anzaldúa. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books. 1987. (Aunt Lute Books 2012 ed.). Pp. 300. $22.95. I was asked to review the twenty-fifth-anniversary edition of Gloria Anzaldúa's landmark book, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza. Even though the secondary literature on this book is voluminous,... 2023  
Jennifer C. Nash ON MARCHING KARENS AND METAPHORICAL BLACK WOMEN 34 Yale Journal of Law & Feminism 40 (2023) In 2021, the New York Times published March of the Karens, an article that described a figure who symbolizes all that is wrong with contemporary feminism: Karen. Ligaya Mishan describes Karen as an interfering, hectoring white woman, the self-appointed hall monitor unloosed on the world, so assured of her status in society that she doesn't... 2023  
Jamelia Morgan ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RACE AND DISABILITY 58 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 663 (Summer, 2023) For decades, legal scholars have examined the similarities between race and disability, and in particular, the similarities between the forms of social subordination, marginalization, and exclusion experienced by either racial minorities or people with disabilities. This Article builds on this existing scholarship to articulate and defend an... 2023  
Shefali Milczarek-Desai OPENING THE PANDEMIC PORTAL TO RE-IMAGINE PAID SICK LEAVE FOR IMMIGRANT WORKERS 111 California Law Review 1171 (August, 2023) Historically, pandemics have forced humans to break with the past and imagine their world anew. This one is no different. It is a portal, a gateway between one world and the next. --Arundhati Roy The COVID-19 pandemic has spotlighted the crisis low-wage immigrant and migrant (im/migrant) workers face when caught in the century-long collision... 2023  
Ryan Bangert PARENTAL RIGHTS IN THE AGE OF GENDER IDEOLOGY 27 Texas Review of Law and Politics 715 (Summer, 2023) Introduction. 716 I. The Parent-Centric Approach to Parental Rights. 717 A. Parental Rights Within the Western Legal Tradition. 718 B. Parental Rights as Recognized by the United States Supreme Court. 719 II. The State-Centric Approach to Parental Rights. 720 A. Voices from the Academy. 721 B. Judicial Applications of the State-Centric... 2023  
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