TitleCitationYearSummaryMost RelevantTypeStatus
Hogg v. Keller 2 Nott & McC. 113, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (November 01, 1819) 1819 The law does not require the master of a slave to state in a pass to what place the slave shall go. It is sufficient if it express a leave of absence for a particular time. Most Relevant Cases  
Hudson v. Hudson's Adm'r 6 Munf. 352, Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia (April 02, 1819) 1819 The Court is of opinion, that, as the will of Christopher Hudson, was consummated, in favour of the appellee F. E. Hudson, by that of Eliza Hudson his widow and trustee, (though improperly consummated,) the said F. E. Hudson is to be considered as holding the negroes thereby appointed, adversely, in relation to the appellants, as much so, as if the... Most Relevant Cases  
Inhabitants of Lanesborough v. Inhabitants of Westfield 16 Mass. 74, Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts (January 01, 1819) 1819 The children of slaves under the provincial government, not being slaves, derived no settlement from their parents, nor from the master of their parents; but were filii reipublic√¶. ASSUMPSIT for the support of Lucy Goman and William Hector Goman, jun., paupers, alleged by the plaintiffs to have their legal settlement in Westfield. It was... Most Relevant Cases  
James' Ex'rs v. Masters 3 Mur. 110, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 Testator bequeaths negro slaves to his wife during her life, and directs that after her death they shall be set free; and enjoins it as a duty upon his executors to use their best endeavors to procure from Court a license to emancipate them. He then gives several small legacies to his nieces, and concludes his will with a declaration that no... Most Relevant Cases  
Johnson v. Negro Lish 4 H. & J. 441, Court of Appeals of Maryland (June 01, 1819) 1819 The only question in this cause arises on the construction of the deed of gift, mentioned in the record, from Morgan Bradshaw to his sister Sarah Bradshaw. The operative expressions in this instrument are, to my sister, Sarah Bradshaw, and her lawful issue, for ever, and if she die without issue aforesaid, the said negro Lish, and her increase, to... Most Relevant Cases  
Lytle v. Rowton 1 A.K.Marsh. 517, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (May 27, 1819) 1819 ON A WRIT OF ERROR TO REVERSE THE DECISION OF THE LINCOLN CIRCUIT COURT. David Walker, Sr., having several children, and being possessed of a number of slaves, departed this life having previously made his will, whereby amongst other things, he devised two slaves to his daughter Betsey and two to his son David. Betsey and David afterwards died... Most Relevant Cases  
Marie v. Avart 6 Mart.(o.s.) 731, Supreme Court of Louisiana (June 01, 1819) 1819 Appeal from the court of the parish and city of New-Orleans. [For subsequent opinions, see Marie v. Avart's Heirs, 8 Mart. (O. S.) 512;Id., 10 Mart. (O. S.) 25.] The petition stated that the plaintiff is a slave of Nicholas Lauve; that Erasmus Robert Avart made his last will, by which he directed that, immediately after his decease, his... Most Relevant Cases  
McCree v. Houston 3 Mur. 429, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 Alexander, upon the marriage of his daughter with M'Cree, made a parol gift to him of a slave. M'Cree kept the slave in his possession for seven years, and being about to remove out of the state, he made a parol gift of the same slave to his son, an infant of four years old, who, with the slave, remained with Alexander. Two years afterwards... Most Relevant Cases  
McKewn ads. Barksdale 2 Nott & McC. 17, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 A memorandum book, kept by the master-workman of mechanics, written some in ink and some with a pencil, is not admissible, with his (defendant's) oath to prove the loss of days work by plaintiff's slave, who was hired to the defendant; though that might have been the customary way of keeping such account. Most Relevant Cases  
Meridith v. Nichols 1 A.K.Marsh. 595, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (June 12, 1819) 1819 Walter Scott having departed this life in Montgomery county, state of Maryland, administration of his estate was in March, 1793, granted by the orphan's court of that county, to Cassandra Scott, his widow and relict. The estate of the said Walter consisted of a negro man, valued in the appraisement and inventory thereof, at l75; a negro woman,... Most Relevant Cases  
Miller v. Harwell 3 Mur. 194, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 Contribution between devisees and legatees.--Testator devised his lands to Fleming, an alien, and three negro slaves to his brother Thomas. He appointed Fleming and Harwell his executors, and gave them power to sell such of his property as they might think necessary for the payment of his debts. The executors sold the lands, and applied the... Most Relevant Cases  
Murphy v. Riggs 1 A.K.Marsh. 532, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (May 29, 1819) 1819 Benjamin Terry, sen., on the 28th of December, 1769, made his last will and testament, wherein was contained the following clause: I lend to my daughter Kezia Murphy, two negroes, namely, Henry and Phillis, during her natural life, and after her decease, to be equally divided between her children she had by her former husband, Jas. Scott, and all... Most Relevant Cases  
Orr v. Ingle 2 Cranch C.C. 193, Circuit Court, District of Columbia (December 01, 1819) 1819 This was a replevin [by Benjamin G. Orr against William Ingle] for a negro man slave and two horses, distrained by the defendant, who was collector for the 3d ward in the city of Washington, for taxes imposed by a by-law of the corporation, under the power, given by the charter, to lay and collect taxes. Upon the return of the writ, Mr. Law, for... Most Relevant Cases  
Sam v. Green 2 Cranch C.C. 165, Circuit Court, District of Columbia (April 01, 1819) 1819 This was an action by Negro Sam against James Green. Petition for freedom. Most Relevant Cases  
Saulet v. Loiseau 6 Mart.(o.s.) 512, Supreme Court of Louisiana (April 01, 1819) 1819 Appeal from the court of the parish and city of New-Orleans. The defendant, in February, 1789, sold to the plaintiff a negro slave named Jacob, for $714, with the condition that, if the slave, sick at the time, was not perfectly cured within one month, he should take him back and repay the price. The parties placed the slave under the care of a... Most Relevant Cases  
Shepperd v. Murdock's Ex'r 3 Mur. 218, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 This must be either a contract of sale or mortgage; it cannot be both, nor can it be one without possessing all its essential requisites. The attempt, therefore, to throw on the mortagee the risk of the life of the negro, after a particular period, and when it was a mortgage, was vain. It is true it is a circumstance to show it was not a mortgage;... Most Relevant Cases  
Skinner v. Skinner 3 Mur. 535, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 Construction of the 3d section of the act of 1806, relative to gifts of slaves. The words Every person claiming title to any slave or slaves, by virtue of any parol gift heretofore made, shall commence and prosecute his or her suit for the same, within three years from the passing of this act, otherwise the same shall be forever... Most Relevant Cases  
Smith v. Daniel 3 Mur. 128, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 A recovers a judgment at law against B and C, which is stayed by injunction. B dies, and the suit in Equity is prosecuted by C, who also dies before the hearing, making his will, and bequeathing a negro girl slave to his daughter Elizabeth. A decree is made after his death, dissolving the injunction in part, and giving A leave to proceed upon his... Most Relevant Cases  
State v. Anone 2 Nott & McC. 27, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 It is too late in the Appeal Court to object to the commission of the Judge; it ought to have been done at the trial. It is immaterial whether the property sold by a slave, contrary to the Act of 1817, to prevent illicit trading with negro slaves, be the property of the slave, of his master, or of any other person. The owner or master, sending a... Most Relevant Cases  
State v. Brown 3 Mur. 224, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 Indictment charged that the Defendant was a common Sabbath-breaker and prophaner of the Lord's day, commonly called Sunday; and that he on divers days, peing Lord's days, did keep a certain open shop, and then and there sold and exposed to sale divers goods, wares and spirituous liquors, to negroes and others, to the great damage of the good... Most Relevant Cases  
State v. Jernigan 3 Mur. 12, Supreme Court of North Carolina (January 01, 1819) 1819 The act of 1779, ch. 11. declares, that any person or persons, who shall hereafter steal, or shall by violence, seduction or any other means, take or carry away any slave or slaves, the property of another, with an intent to sell or dispose of to another, or appropriate to their own use, such slave or slaves, &c. shall suffer death without... Most Relevant Cases  
State v. Miles 2 Nott & McC. 1, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 On an Indictment for inveigling, stealing, or carrying away, a negro slave from his owner or employer, it is not necessary to prove the act of inveigling, to consummate the felony of stealing or carrying away. A legal possession of the owner is sufficient, without his having actual possession; as during the time, that the slave has run away, &c.... Most Relevant Cases  
State v. Reasons 1 Del.Cas. 617, Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace of Delaware (May 01, 1819) 1819 Matilda Brown died about August 8th. Mary Reasons, a free Negro, came to labor in the house of deceased on [the] 11th, to clean up after her death and then, viz August 11, took the goods in question. Letters testamentary were granted to Ezekiel Hunn on the 19th. By the indictment the property was laid in Ezekiel Hunn, without mentioning his... Most Relevant Cases  
State v. Turnage 2 Nott & McC. 158, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (November 01, 1819) 1819 The defendant was indicted for negro stealing under an act passed while South-Carolina was a province; the indictment concluded contrary to the act of the General Assembly of the said state, in such case made and provided, and a motion made in arrest of judgment, because it was not an act of the state but of the... Most Relevant Cases  
SUPPRESSION OF THE SLAVE-TRADE. 1 U.S. Op. Atty. Gen. 317 (October 16, 1819) 1819   Most Relevant Administrative Decisions & Guidance  
SUPPRESSION OF THE SLAVE-TRADE. 1 U.S. Op. Atty. Gen. 314 (October 14, 1819) 1819   Most Relevant Administrative Decisions & Guidance  
Taylor v. Lanier 3 Mur. 98, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 The deed executed by Thomas Lanier, to his son William, purports to be made in consideration of natural love and affection, and for his advancement in life: and after describing the property, and reserving a life estate to himself in the land and negroes, and a life estate to his wife in part of the land, these words follow, but to remain and be... Most Relevant Cases  
Teague v. Griffin 2 Nott & McC. 93, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (November 01, 1819) 1819 The declaration for a tort, should describe the property or thing affected with as much certainty as will enable the defendant to see clearly and distinctly to what he is to answer; and when that purpose is attained, the object of description will be fully answered. In an action of trover for a negro slave, the name is not an indispensable part of... Most Relevant Cases  
The Caroline 1 Brock 384, Circuit Court, D Virginia (November 01, 1819) 1819 Error to the district court of the United States for the district of Virginia. An information was filed in the district court, charging the brig Caroline, with violating the acts of congress, made for the suppression of the slave trade. A sentence of forfeiture was pronounced in the district court, and on a writ of error to the district court, the... Most Relevant Cases  
Trumbo v. Curtright 1 A.K.Marsh. 582, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (June 12, 1819) 1819 This is an appeal taken by the plaintiff from a judgment rendered for the defendant in an action for the trover and conversion of a slave. On the trial of the cause in the circuit court, the defendant proved by a witness, that a bill of sale, under which the plaintiff claimed title to the slave in controversy, was, by a parol agreement between the... Most Relevant Cases  
U.S. v. O'Neale 2 Cranch C.C. 183, Circuit Court, District of Columbia (November 01, 1819) 1819 Indictment [against O'Neale, Desmukes, and others] for assault and battery on one Murray, a constable. It appeared in evidence that Mr. Faw, a justice of the peace, issued his warrant against A. Locke and B. Locke for an assault upon one James Middleton, and a battery on a negro, the execution of which warrant was prevented by force; whereupon Mr.... Most Relevant Cases  
Vass v. Hicks 3 Mur. 493, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 Previous to the act of 1806, requiring gifts of slaves to be in writing, a mother made a parol gift of a slave to her children, reserving to herself a life estate in the slave. She continued in possession of the slave more than three years after the gift, having in the mean time married, and within three years after her death, the children brought... Most Relevant Cases  
VIOLATION OF LAW CONCERNING THE SLAVE TRADE. 5 U.S. Op. Atty. Gen. 717 (September 08, 1819) 1819   Most Relevant Administrative Decisions & Guidance  
Watford v. Pitt 3 Mur. 468, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 A father being indebted, but not beyond his ability to pay, made a parol gift of a slave to his son, then two years old. He then paid his debts, and sold the slave. The purchaser had express notice of the gift, and declared, before he purchased, that he would not on that account give the full value. The gift, not being in writing, is void as to... Most Relevant Cases  
Williams v. Howard 3 Mur. 74, Supreme Court of North Carolina (May 01, 1819) 1819 A. conveyed to his son B. in absolute property, certain negro slaves: and B. being about to join the army, conveyed the slaves to his brother C. for five years, for the support of his father. Executions issued against the father and were levied upon these slaves. He and his son C. applied to D. to befriend them. D. agreed to advance the money due... Most Relevant Cases  
Wright v. Deacon Supreme Court of Pennsylvania (January 01, 1819) 1819 This is a matter of considerable importance, and the court has therefore held it some days under advisement. Whatever may be our private opinions on the subject of slavery, it is well known that our southern brethren would not have consented to become parties to a constitution under which the United States have enjoyed so much prosperity, unless... Most Relevant Cases  
Ashbell v. Witt 2 Nott & McC. 364, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (May 01, 1820) 1820 It is not actionable, to say of a man, he swore a d_d lie before 'Squire Lamkin, and that he was forsworn, and that he (the defendant) would overthrow his oath, so that it should never hurt a negro. Where words are not actionable, without a coloquium, of which no evidence is given, the case will not be referred to the jury; but the Court will... Most Relevant Cases  
Baptiste v. De Volunbrun 5 H. & J. 86, Court of Appeals of Maryland (June 01, 1820) 1820 The act of 1796, ch 67, prohibiting the importation of slaves is applicable only to voluntary importations, and where the importer intends to sell the slaves, or to reside himself in the state An owner of slaves driven from St. Domingo by the insurrections in that island, and coming with his slaves to this state, is not with in the prohibition of... Most Relevant Cases  
Brooks v. Cannon 2 A.K.Marsh. 525, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (October 10, 1820) 1820 ON AN APPEAL FROM A DECREE OF THE CALDWELL CIRCUIT COURT. Brooks purchased of Cannon a negro man and gave his obligation to pay $45, the price agreed on by the parties. Brooks having failed to make payment, Cannon brought suit and recovered a judgment at law. To be released against that judgment and to obtain a rescission of the contract, Brooks... Most Relevant Cases  
Bullock v. Boyd 2 A.K.Marsh. 322, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (June 03, 1820) 1820 ON A WRIT OF ERROR TO REVERSE A DECREE OF THE SCOTT CIRCUIT COURT. This was a bill filed by the appellants to recover of the appellee a slave by the name of Agatha, and her children and grand-children. They assert their title under the will of William Tennison, admitted to record in the county court of Prince William, in December, 1785, by which as... Most Relevant Cases  
Burns' Heirs v. Rowland 2 A.K.Marsh. 232, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (April 21, 1820) 1820 Rowland purchased of the intestate, Burns, a negro named Jim, at the price of $250, paid down $150, and gave his obligation for the residue. An action was brought upon the obligation, and judgment obtained at law in favor of Burns. Rowland exhibited his bill, and obtained an injunction against the judgment. He charges, that at the time of... Most Relevant Cases  
Catin v. D'Orgenoy's Heirs 8 Mart.(o.s.) 218, Supreme Court of Louisiana (June 01, 1820) 1820 Appeal from the court of the parish and city of New-Orleans. The plaintiff claimed the freedom of her children, under a deed from her former master, the defendants' ancestor. They pleaded the general issue. There was judgment for them, and she appealed. The defendants' ancestor, in the deed of emancipation produced by the plaintiff, says: I... Most Relevant Cases  
Champ v. Ardery 2 A.K.Marsh. 246, Court of Appeals of Kentucky (April 25, 1820) 1820 This is an action of covenant, wherein the plaintiff in the court below, counted on a deed evidencing the sale of a slave, and warranting the soundness or health in these words:--And the said Alexander also warrants the said girl to be sound and healthy, and clear of every impediment. The only breach assigned is, that the slave at the time of the... Most Relevant Cases  
Cole v. Fenwick Gilmer 134, Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia (November 06, 1820) 1820 Judgment on a forthcoming bond, ought not to be relieved against, in equity, because the bond was forfeited, by a slave having run away, who by the condition, was to be forthcoming. COLE stated, in a bill filed in the Chancery court of Richmond, that he as surety for one Buck, together with Buck, entered into a forthcoming bond to Fenwick, (who... Most Relevant Cases  
Collins v. Montgomery 2 Nott & McC. 392, Constitutional Court of Appeals of South Carolina (May 01, 1820) 1820 The sheriff cannot sell personal property until it has been reduced into possession. Where a negro had been levied upon by a former sheriff, who had not delivered him to his successor in office, who sells the negro, when he is not present, the sale is void. Most Relevant Cases  
Commonwealth v. Bennet 2 Va.Cas. 235, General Court of Virginia (November 01, 1820) 1820 In Indictments under Statutes which enact a punishment against free persons, different from that of slaves, as in Rape, it is not necessary to alledge that the prisoner is a free person. In an Indictment under the third section of the Act against Rape, if the charge is for carnally knowing and abusing a female child under ten, instead of a woman... Most Relevant Cases  
Commonwealth v. Mann 2 Va.Cas. 210, General Court of Virginia (June 01, 1820) 1820 In an Indictment against a black man, for feloniously attempting to ravish a white woman, the Indictment is bad, even after verdict, unless it aver that she is a white woman. This was an adjourned Case from the Superior Court of Botetourt. The prisoner was a black man, held as a slave, but he had instituted a suit to recover his freedom, and,... Most Relevant Cases  
Davis v. Jacquin 5 H. & J. 100, Court of Appeals of Maryland (June 01, 1820) 1820 Whether the owner of a slave has been a sojourner in Pennsylvania with such slave, and has sent him away within six months, within the meaning of the statute of that state of 1780, ch. 870, are facts to be left to the jury. Where the laws of this state, and of any other, differ, the court here is bound to administer the former If a slave, belonging... Most Relevant Cases  
Dufour v. Camfrancq 8 Mart.(o.s.) 235, Supreme Court of Louisiana (June 01, 1820) 1820 Appeal from the court of the first district. [For subsequent opinions, see Dufour v. Camfranc, 11 Mart. (O. S.) 607, 13 Am. Dec. 360;11 Mart. (N. S.) 675.] The defendant, on the 5th of April, 1810, purchased, at a sheriff's sale, eight slaves, part of the estate of V. Dufour, deceased. On the 4th of September, 1817, the plaintiff, as heir, with the... Most Relevant Cases  
Dunn v. Vail 7 Mart.(o.s.) 416, Supreme Court of Louisiana (January 01, 1820) 1820 Appeal from the court of the third district. The defendant was charged with the wrongful taking and detention of a slave of the wife, and the plaintiffs prayed he might be decreed to return the slave, pay damages for the wrongful taking and detention, and be enjoined in the meanwhile from selling or otherwise disposing of the slave. He answered,... Most Relevant Cases  
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