AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearGender in title or SummaryEthnicity Identified in Title
Brooklynn K. Hitchens , Jeaneé C. Miller , Yasser Arafat Payne , Ivan Y. Sun , Isabella Castillo MORE THAN RACE? INTRAGROUP DIFFERENCES BY GENDER AND AGE IN PERCEPTIONS OF POLICE AMONG STREET-IDENTIFIED BLACK MEN AND WOMEN 47 Law and Human Behavior 634 (December, 2023) Objective: Whereas studies have documented racial differences in attitudes toward police between White and Black Americans, relatively little is known about the intragroup, gender-based variations among urban Black residents involved in criminal activity (i.e., street-identified men and women). Hypotheses: We hypothesized Black women would be more... 2023 yes African/Black American
Samuel Vincent Jones SEXUALIZED POLICE VIOLENCE AND BIAS: ARE BLACK MALES MOST VULNERABLE? 56 UIC Law Review 627 (Winter 2023) It is sometimes mistakenly thought that the black male experience represents a mere racial variation on the white male experience and that black men suffer from discrimination only because they are black. Conceptualizing separate over-lapping black and male categories has sometimes interfered with the recognition that certain distinctive features... 2023 yes African/Black American
Michael Z. Green BLACK AND BLUE POLICE ARBITRATION REFORMS 84 Ohio State Law Journal 243 (2023) The racial justice protests that engulfed the country after seeing a video of the appalling killing of a Black male, George Floyd, by a Minnesota police officer in 2020 has led to a tremendous number of questions about dealing with racial issues in policing. Similar concerns arose a little more than fifty years ago when police unions gained power... 2023 yes  
Pamela A. Wilkins STORIES THAT KILL: MASCULINITY AND CAPITAL PROSECUTORS' CLOSING ARGUMENTS 71 Cleveland State Law Review 1147 (2023) The American death penalty is a punishment by, for, and about men: Both historically and today, most capital prosecutors are men, most capital defendants are men, and killing itself is strongly coded male. Yet despite--or perhaps because of--the overwhelming maleness of the institution of capital punishment, the subject of masculinity is largely... 2023 yes  
Dylan Farrell-Bryan , Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA RELIEF OR REMOVAL: STATE LOGICS OF DESERVINGNESS AND MASCULINITY FOR IMMIGRANT MEN IN REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS 56 Law and Society Review 167 (June, 2022) In recent years, there has been an unprecedented rise in the number of immigrants facing removal from the United States, many of whom make a case for their right to be granted relief from removal and stay in the country. While immigrant men of color are disproportionately represented in both removal proceedings and contemporary sociopolitical... 2022 yes  
Jann L. Murray-Garcia, MD, MPH , Victoria Ngo, PhD "I THINK HE'S NICE, EXCEPT HE MIGHT BE MAD ABOUT SOMETHING": CULTURAL HUMILITY AND THE INTERRUPTION OF SCRIPTS OF RACIAL INEQUALITY 25 U.C. Davis Social Justice Law Review 73 (Summer, 2021) I think he's nice, except he might be mad about something. A White-presenting child responds to the question ABC News's John Stossel posed to a group of school-aged children. He shows them enlarged photos of two men, one Black and the other White. What about this guy? Do you think he's nice? Stossel asks about the White man. I think he's... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Ekow N. Yankah AHMAUD ARBERY, RECKLESS RACISM AND HATE CRIMES: RECKLESSNESS AS HATE CRIME ENHANCEMENT 53 Arizona State Law Journal 681 (Summer, 2021) In February 2020, Ahmaud Arbery, a twenty-five-year-old Black jogger in Georgia, was chased down by a group of armed, White men in trucks, trapped, shot, and killed. His killers pursued Arbery because they suspected him--with no evidence whatsoever--of being behind a string of (unreported) neighborhood robberies. Arbery's killers had never seen any... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Kim Vu-Dinh BLACK LIVELIHOODS MATTER: ACCESS TO CREDIT AS A CIVIL RIGHT AND STRIVING FOR A MORE PERFECT CAPITALISM THROUGH INCLUSIVE ECONOMICS 22 Houston Business and Tax Law Journal 1 (2021) Following the murder of an unarmed African-American male by a white police officer, in 2020 the nation erupted in protest, rallying to the call of Black Lives Matter, shining a light on the systemic racism engendered in American society. While the dialogue on racial inequality often focuses on police brutality and the political rights of African... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Taifha Natalee Alexander CHOPPED & SCREWED: HIP HOP FROM CULTURAL EXPRESSION TO A MEANS OF CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT 12 Harvard Journal of Sports & Entertainment Law 211 (Spring, 2021) C1-2Table of Contents INTRODUCTION. 213 I. Mass Incarceration of Black Men. 216 II. The Intersection of Criminal Justice & Hip Hop. 220 A. Rap Lyrics as Evidence in Criminal Proceedings. 221 B. The Criminal Justice System's Perception of Black Men. 225 C. Prison as Rite of Passage, Not Deterrent. 228 III. Issues With The Probative Versus... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Bianca Velez DO THE POLICE PROTECT AND SERVE ALL PEOPLE IN THE UNITED STATES?: A SURVEY OF THE PROBLEMS WITHIN MODERN POLICING AND SOLUTIONS TO ENSURE THE POLICE PROTECT AND SERVE US ALL 55 University of San Francisco Law Review 421 (2021) ON MAY 25TH, 2020, MINNEAPOLIS POLICE responded to a call from a convenience store employee alleging that a Black man named George Floyd had made a purchase with a counterfeit twenty-dollar bill. Four police officers subsequently detained Mr. Floyd, and within seventeen minutes of the first squad car arriving at the scene, Mr. Floyd was handcuffed,... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Jack K. Whitehead, Jr. GODFREY, ADAMS AND 100 BLACK MEN 68 Louisiana Bar Journal 266 (December, 2020/January, 2021) The organization 100 Black Men of America began in 1963 in New York City amid the civil unrest facing the country. The founders included Jackie Robinson, former NYC Mayor David Dinkins and leading African-American businessmen. The 100 mission is grounded on four pillars--1) mentoring; 2) education; 3) economic empowerment; and 4) health and... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Deborah L. Rhode LEADERSHIP IN TIMES OF SOCIAL UPHEAVAL: LESSONS FOR LAWYERS 73 Baylor Law Review 67 (Winter, 2021) This article explores the leadership challenges that arose in the wake of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic and the widespread protests following the killing of an unarmed Black man, George Floyd. Lawyers have been key players in both crises, as politicians, general counsel, and leaders of protest movements, law firms, bar associations, and law... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Lori A. Young ONE JOURNEY TOWARD RACIAL JUSTICE: THE POWER OF ME, THE POWER OF WE 24 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 5 (Spring, 2021) I remember being emotionally traumatized when I learned of Trayvon Martin. Then came Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri. Later, seeing the video of Philando Castille was gut-wrenching. I couldn't even watch the entire eight minute and 46 second video of George Floyd's killing. These stories--these images--of Black men senselessly killed without... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Kiera Murphy, Katherine Earle Yanes REFLECTING ON THE DIVERSITY & INCLUSION COMMITTEE'S POLICE LIABILITY PROGRAMS 68-FEB Federal Lawyer 10 (January/February, 2021) George Floyd was a Black man who died at the hands of Minneapolis police officers on Memorial Day of 2020. Widespread protests followed, with chants of I can't breathe reverberating in our consciences. The outrage over Mr. Floyd's death sparked an ongoing national conversation on law enforcement training and liability. As part of that... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Jeanelly Nuñez SCANNING FOR BIAS: A NEUROSCIENTIFIC RESPONSE TO POLICING WITH IMPLICIT BIAS 27 Cardozo Journal of Equal Rights & Social Justice 295 (Spring, 2021) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 296 II. Numbers Do Not Lie--Statistical Data on Racial Disparities. 298 A. Am I Next? Likelihood that Victims to Fatal Police Violence are Men of Color. 298 B. Examining Drug Arrest Numbers for Minorities Compared to White People. 299 C. Driving While Black and Terry v. Ohio. 300 D. Minorites Make Up the... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Madeline Dawn Nelson SCHOOL'S OUT FOR BLACK BOYS IN WISCONSIN: AN ANALYSIS OF WISCONSIN'S RACIST IMPLEMENTATION OF EXPULSION AND SUSPENSION LAW AND ITS INTERSECTION WITH WISCONSIN STUDENTS' OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUCCESS 36 Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society 111 (Spring, 2021) Each day [a student] is not receiving an education is gone forever. No amount of money can replace the lost opportunity. If [the student] has been wrongfully expelled . the harm is enormous. Introduction. 112 I.Background of Student Discipline Law in Wisconsin's K-12 Public Schools. 114 A. Suspension Law in Wisconsin. 115 B. Expulsion Law in... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Shawn E. Fields THE ELUSIVENESS OF SELF-DEFENSE FOR THE BLACK TRANSGENDER COMMUNITY 21 Nevada Law Journal 975 (Spring, 2021) Ky Peterson, a Black transgender man from rural Georgia, had previously been brutally raped while walking home. Mr. Peterson reported the incident to the police, but they never opened an investigation; in fact, the police could barely be bothered to file [a] report. As a result, Mr. Peterson began carrying a firearm for personal protection. On... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Karl T. Muth THE PANTHER DECLAWED: HOW BLUE MAYORS DISARMED BLACK MEN 37 Harvard Blackletter Law Journal 7 (Spring, 2021) I am clearly within the limits of historical truth when I say that the civilizations of the past that arose to world domination through Caucasian initiative, effort, and genius disappeared as the result of the Insidious contaminating influence of mongrelism .. The use of firearms and the placing of the ballot in the hands of the negro in a white... 2021 Yes African/Black American
Dawn Fritz TIMBS v. INDIANA: CIVIL FORFEITURE, RACISM, AND THE WAR ON DRUGS 98 Denver Law Review Forum 1 (May 14, 2021) Law enforcement seized more than $2.5 billion in cash through a federal civil forfeiture program between September 2001 and September 2014. In some states, the government can seize your car over a single marijuana joint. In 2009, a man killed himself trying to avoid the civil forfeiture of his 40 acre farm. He grew and used marijuana for chronic... 2021 Yes American Indian/Alaskan Native
Russell K. Robinson MAYOR PETE, OBERGEFELL GAYS, AND WHITE MALE PRIVILEGE 69 Buffalo Law Review 295 (April, 2021) 296 Introduction. 296 I. Challenging Anti-Gay Stereotypes. 303 II. Is Pete Gay Enough?. 309 III. Pete as a Symbol of Respectability Politics. 316 A. An Examination of Racialized Respectability Politics in the Don't Ask, Don't Tell and Marriage Equality Movements. 317 B. Analyzing Buttigieg's Candidacy as the Embodiment of the Gay and... 2021 Yes Multiple Groups
Leah M. Litman, Melissa Murray, Katherine Shaw A PODCAST OF ONE'S OWN 28 Michigan Journal of Gender & Law 51 (2021) In this short Essay, we discuss the lack of racial and gender diversity on and around the Supreme Court. As we note, the ranks of the Court's Justices and its clerks historically have been dominated by white men. But this homogeneity is not limited to the Court's members or its clerks. As we explain, much of the Court's broader ecosystem suffers... 2021 Yes  
Rangita de Silva de Alwis ADDRESSING ALLYSHIP IN A TIME OF A "THOUSAND PAPERCUTS" 19 Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal 63 (Winter 2021) In 2020, a team of students in the class on Women, Law and Leadership students interviewed 100 male law students on their philosophy on leadership and conducted several surveys on allyship and subtle bias. Complementing the allyship interviews, the class developed several survey instruments to examine emerging bias protocols and stereotype threats... 2021 Yes  
Laura P. Moyer , John Szmer , Susan Haire , Robert K. Christensen , University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA. Email: laura.moyer, Funding information, National Science Foundation, Grant/Award Numbers: 1654614, 1654559, 1654697, 'ALL EYES ARE ON YOU': GENDER, RACE, AND OPINION WRITING ON THE US COURTS OF APPEALS 55 Law and Society Review 452 (September, 2021) Because stereotyping affects individual assessments of ability and because of socializing experiences in the law, we argue that women and judges of color, while well-credentialed, feel pressure to work harder than their white male peers to demonstrate their competence. Using an original dataset of published appellate court opinions from 2008-2016,... 2021 Yes  
Don Corbett CHANGING THE GAME: GEORGE FLOYD, ATHLETE PROTEST, AND THE COUNTERSPEECH DOCTRINE 98 University of Detroit Mercy Law Review 197 (Winter, 2021) On May 25, 2020, George Floyd, an African American man, died at the hands of four police officers in Minneapolis, MN. A convenience store employee believed Floyd, who was unarmed, attempted to use counterfeit money to pay for goods and called 911. Four officers from the Minneapolis Police Department responded, and within thirty minutes, Floyd was... 2021 Yes  
Paul Butler FOREWORD TO THE REPUBLICATION OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND THE CRIMINAL LAW 92 University of Colorado Law Review 1443 (Special Issue 2021) Twenty-four years later, je ne regrette rien. I do not mean that I got everything exactly right, but I miss my youthful exuberance. I wonder, in the words of Birdman, What happened to that boy? Here is one of the passages that, introspect, seems most poignant: I argue that but for the fruits of slavery and entrenched racism, African Americans... 2021 Yes  
Gabrielle Kolencik HARMONY BETWEEN MAN AND HIS ENVIRONMENT: REVIEWING THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION'S CHANGES TO THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IN THE CONTEXT OF ENVIRONMENTAL RACISM 9 Joule: Duquesne Energy & Environmental Law Journal 1 (Spring, 2021) In 1970, Congress passed, with strong bipartisan support, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for the purpose of requiring federal agencies to engage in efforts which will prevent or eliminate damage to the environment and biosphere and stimulate the health and welfare of man. For over fifty years, NEPA had propelled towards the... 2021 Yes  
Pat K. Chew HIDING SEXUAL HARASSMENT: MYTHS AND REALITIES 21 Nevada Law Journal 1223 (Spring, 2021) The percent of Americans viewing sexual harassment as a major problem actually decreased between 2017 and 2019, with only 53% of men considering it a major problem in 2019 compared to 66% in 2017. Each time that I was taking it, again and again, it just felt like more of me diminishing . until [I] was just like a shell of a person. C1-2Table of... 2021 Yes  
Kimberly D. Bailey MALE SAME-SEX "HORSEPLAY": THE EPICENTER OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT? 73 Florida Law Review 95 (January, 2021) In Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc., the U.S. Supreme Court recognized same-sex sexual harassment as a cognizable claim of sex discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. At the time, many scholars found this recognition to be significant and important, but some also argued that the Court provided an incomplete... 2021 Yes  
Christopher J. Ryan, Jr., Meghan Dawe MIND THE GAP: GENDER PAY DISPARITIES IN THE LEGAL ACADEMY 34 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 567 (Summer, 2021) Differences in pay between women and men in the same jobs have captured the public's attention in recent years. However, public interest in and press coverage of salary differences on the basis of gender--or any other ascriptive class--in the learned professions are wanting. Moreover, few studies have spoken directly on the gender pay disparities... 2021 Yes  
Rachel Guy NATION OF MEN: DIAGNOSING MANOSPHERIC MISOGYNY AS VIRULENT ONLINE NATIONALISM 22 Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law 601 (Spring, 2021) I. Introduction. 602 II. Defining Manospheric Misogyny. 603 A. The Manosphere. 603 B. Enacting Structural Sexism through Manospheric Misogyny. 606 III. Manospheric Misogyny as Nationalism. 610 A. A Regressive Cultural Nationalism. 611 B. An Imagined Community in Anti-Feminism. 614 1. Oppositional Identity. 615 2. Grievance. 616 3. Recruitment. 618... 2021 Yes  
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