|Katie L. Gojevic
||Benefit or Burden?: Brackeen V. Zinke and the Constitutionality of the Indian Child Welfare Act
||68 Buffalo Law Review 247 (January, 2020)
||Officials seemingly would rather place Indian children in non-Indian settings where their Indian culture, their Indian traditions and, in general, their entire Indian way of life is smothered . [Agencies] strike at the heart of Indian communities by literally stealing Indian children. This course can only weaken rather than strengthen the Indian; Search Snippet: ...OR BURDEN?: BRACKEEN v. ZINKE AND THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Katie L. Gojevic Copyright © 2020 by Buffalo Law Review; Katie L. Gojevic Officials seemingly would rather place Indian children in non-Indian settings where their Indian culture, their Indian...
||Incarcerated Parents and Child Welfare in Washington
||95 Washington Law Review 531 (March, 2020)
||Abstract: From 2006 to 2016, 32,000 incarcerated parents in the United States permanently lost their parental rights without ever being accused of child abuse. Of these, approximately 5,000 lost their parental rights solely because of their incarceration. This family separation crisis followed on the heels of the Adoption and Safe Families Act; Search Snippet: ...U.S. government's strategy for controlling indigenous communities and eradicating American Indian culture--beginning in the 1870s, indigenous children were taken from their families and communities to be placed in boarding schools where they were violently assimilated into white American culture...
||Recent Challenges to the Indian Child Welfare Act Suggest it Is Time for the United States Supreme Court to Act: Indian Survival Depends on it
||21 Rutgers Race & the Law Review 149 (2020)
||Congress enacted the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) in response to the removal of Indian children from their homes, and to protect the best interests of Indian tribes and families. The United States Supreme Court has been reluctant to hear challenges to the ICWA but with the increase in challenges in the lower courts, and a major setback; Search Snippet: ...Race & the Law Review 2020 Note RECENT CHALLENGES TO THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT SUGGEST IT IS TIME FOR THE UNITED STATES...
|Onalee R. Chappeau
||Trusting the Tribe: Understanding the Tensions of the Indian Child Welfare Act
||64 Saint Louis University Law Journal 241 (Winter, 2020)
||. Remember your birth, how your mother struggled to give you form and breath. You are evidence of her life, and her mother's, and hers. Remember your father. He is your life, also . Remember you are all people and all people are you. Remember you are this universe and this universe is you. Remember all is in motion, is growing, is you. Remember; Search Snippet: ...2020 Note TRUSTING THE TRIBE: UNDERSTANDING THE TENSIONS OF THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Onalee R. Chappeau [FNa1] Copyright © 2020 by Saint...
|Neoshia R. Roemer
||Finding Harmony or Swimming in the Void: the Unavoidable Conflict Between the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children and the Indian Child Welfare Act
||94 North Dakota Law Review 149 (2019)
||The Indian Child Welfare Act is a federal statute that applies to Indian children who are at the center of child welfare proceedings. While the Indian Child Welfare Act provides numerous protections to Indian children, parents, and tribes, many of these cases play out in state courts which are also required to apply their own requisite, relevant; Search Snippet: ...THE INTERSTATE COMPACT ON THE PLACEMENT OF CHILDREN AND THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Neoshia R. Roemer [FNa1] Copyright © 2019 by the North Dakota Law Review; Neoshia R. Roemer Abstract The Indian Child Welfare Act is a federal statute that applies to Indian children who are at the center of child welfare proceedings. While the Indian Child Welfare Act provides numerous protections to Indian...
||Moving Forward from the Scoop Era: Providing Active Efforts under the Indian Child Welfare Act in Illinois
||40 Northern Illinois University Law Review 100 (Fall, 2019)
||This Comment argues that Illinois should adopt the view that active efforts are a higher standard than reasonable efforts and implement procedures encouraging state agencies and courts to implement these requirements. Following the Supreme Court's rationale in Mississippi Choctaw Band of Indians v. Holy field, one of the only Supreme Court cases; Search Snippet: ...FORWARD FROM THE SCOOP ERA: PROVIDING ACTIVE EFFORTS UNDER THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT IN ILLINOIS Cassandra Crandall [FNa1] Copyright © 2019 by...
|Danielle J. Mayberry
||The Origins and Evolution of the Indian Child Welfare Act
||14 Judicial Notice 34 (2019)
||Since first contact, federal Indian policy and law has impacted American Indian children and families, targeting them as a means to assimilate Indian Nations into American society. In the beginning, Indian children were targeted for military and diplomatic purposes in order to undermine tribal resistance. This assimilation policy later shifted; Search Snippet: ...Notice 2019 Featured Article THE ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION OF THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Danielle J. Mayberry [FNa1] Copyright © 2019 by The...
||Indian as a Political Classification: Reading the Tribe Back into the Indian Child Welfare Act
||13 Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy 410 (Spring, 2018)
||In the summer of 2018, the Ninth Circuit will consider an appeal from the dismissal of a constitutional challenge to the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). Brought by a conservative think-tank, this case frames the ICWA as race-based legislation, violating equal protection by depriving Indian children of the same procedures as non-Indian children in; Search Snippet: ...AS A POLITICAL CLASSIFICATION: READING THE TRIBE BACK INTO THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Allison Elder Copyright © 2018 Northwestern University Pritzker School...
||Tensions Underlying the Indian Child Welfare Act: Tribal Jurisdiction over Traditional State Court Family Law Matters
||2018 Brigham Young University Law Review 455 (2018)
||State courts have historically exercised jurisdiction over family law cases. However, under the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), Indian child custody and adoption cases have been taken out of state jurisdiction and placed with Indian tribal governments. State courts have pushed back against proper deference to ICWA and violate ICWA by misapplying; Search Snippet: ...Brigham Young University Law Review 2018 Comment TENSIONS UNDERLYING THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT: TRIBAL JURISDICTION OVER TRADITIONAL STATE COURT FAMILY LAW...
|Allison E. Davis
||Roadway to Reform: Assessing the 2015 Guidelines and New Federal Rule to the Indian Child Welfare Act's Application to State Courts
||22 Suffolk Journal of Trial and Appellate Advocacy 91 (2016-2017)
||In 1987, Congress enacted the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), in order to protect Native American children during custody and placement proceedings. The 38-year-old statute was last updated on its application with guidelines in 1979. Over the years, courts have determined that the guidelines were not binding on state courts; rather the; Search Snippet: ...ASSESSING THE 2015 GUIDELINES AND NEW FEDERAL RULE TO THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT'S APPLICATION TO STATE COURTS Allison E. Davis Copyright...
||Understanding the 2016 Indian Child Welfare Act Regulations
||36 Child Law Practice Prac. 6 (January, 2017)
||The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) was passed in 1978 in response to widespread removals of Native American children. It came on the heels of official policies aimed at eroding tribal sovereignty and culture. ICWA is unique in that it seeks to protect children, their families, and the right of tribal governments to exercise parens patriae; Search Snippet: ...Practice January, 2017 Law and Policy Update UNDERSTANDING THE 2016 INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT REGULATIONS Scott Trowbridge [FNa1] Copyright © 2017 by American Bar Association; Scott Trowbridge T he Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) [FN1] was passed in 1978 in response...
|Caroline M. Turner
||Implementing and Defending the Indian Child Welfare Act Through Revised State Requirements
||49 Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems 501 (Summer, 2016)
||The Indian Child Welfare Act, enacted in 1978, was designed to protect Indian children and enhance the stability of Indian tribes and families. It sets forth minimum federal standards applicable in proceedings involving the termination of parental rights, pre-adoption placement, and adoption placement. From its inception, there has been resistance; Search Snippet: ...Law and Social Problems Summer, 2016 IMPLEMENTING AND DEFENDING THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT THROUGH REVISED STATE REQUIREMENTS Caroline M. Turner [FNa1...
||Is the Indian Child Welfare Act Losing Steam?: Narrowing Non-custodial Parental Rights after Adoptive Couple V. Baby Girl
||7 Columbia Journal of Race and Law 191 (2016)
||In 2013, the United States Supreme Court handed down a decision in Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl, a decision that will have long-term effects on the use of the Indian Child Welfare Act by non-custodial Native parents. Congress passed the Indian Child Welfare Act in 1978 in response to the high volume of Native children that had been removed from; Search Snippet: ...Columbia Journal of Race and Law 2016 Note IS THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT LOSING STEAM?: NARROWING NON-CUSTODIAL PARENTAL RIGHTS AFTER...
|Shannon M. Morris
||Baby Veronica Ruling: Implications for the Indian Child Welfare Act in Indian Child Removals and Adoptions to Non-indian Custodians
||72 National Lawyers Guild Review Rev. 1 (Spring, 2015)
||Let us put our minds together and see what life we can make for our children. --Chief Sitting Bull In 1978, the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) was enacted to prevent the biased treatment of Indian children and families by public and non-Indian private child welfare systems. The assimilation policies of the 1950s and 1960s were all designed to; Search Snippet: ...Guild Review Spring, 2015 BABY VERONICA RULING: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT IN INDIAN CHILD REMOVALS AND ADOPTIONS TO NON-INDIAN CUSTODIANS Shannon M. Morris...
||The Indian Child Welfare Act's Waning Power after Adoptive Couple V. Baby Girl
||109 Northwestern University Law Review 445 (Winter 2015)
||Abstract--In the 1970s, state authorities began removing Indian children from their homes by the thousands and placing them into foster care, institutional housing, and with white families. To counteract this forced assimilation, Congress passed the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) in 1978. The ICWA conferred many powers previously held by the; Search Snippet: ...Northwestern University Law Review Winter 2015 Notes and Comments THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT'S WANING POWER AFTER ADOPTIVE COUPLE V. BABY GIRL...
||Death by Boarding School: "The Last Acceptable Racism" and the United States' Genocide of Native Americans
||49 Gonzaga Law Review 137 (2013-2014)
||For the survivor who chooses to testify, it is clear: His duty is to bear witness for the dead and for the living. He has no right to deprive future generations of a past that belongs to our collective memory. To forget would be not only dangerous but also offensive; to forget the dead would be akin to killing them a second time. I. Introduction; Search Snippet: ...LAW REVIEW Gonzaga Law Review 2013-2014 Article DEATH BY BOARDING SCHOOL: THE LAST ACCEPTABLE RACISM AND THE UNITED STATES' GENOCIDE OF NATIVE AMERICANS Ann Piccard [FNa1] Copyright (c) 2013 The Corporation of...
|Carrie E. Garrow
||Government Law and Policy and the Indian Child Welfare Act
||86-APR New York State Bar Journal 10 (March/April, 2014)
||Since the formation of the United States, Indian nations and Indian people have been impacted by the numerous laws and policies focused on acquisition of Indian lands and assimilation of Indian people. These federal laws and policies led to states, such as New York, breaking up Indian families and removing Indian children from their homes in order; Search Snippet: ...Journal March/April, 2014 GOVERNMENT LAW AND POLICY AND THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Carrie E. Garrow [FNa1] Copyright © 2014 by the...
||Mutual Misunderstanding: How Better Communication Will Improve the Administration of the Indian Child Welfare Act in Texas
||15 Texas Tech Administrative Law Journal 423 (Summer, 2014)
||I. Introduction. 423 II. Background: A Juxtaposition of the Primary Goals for Removed Children Under the Indian Child Welfare Act and Under the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services. 425 A. The Goals of Child Protective Services Following Removal. 425 1. Best Interests of the Child. 425 2. Permanency Plan. 426 3. Minimum Sufficient; Search Snippet: ...MISUNDERSTANDING: HOW BETTER COMMUNICATION WILL IMPROVE THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT IN TEXAS Kate Shearer Copyright (c) 2014 The...
||The "Baby Veronica" Case: Current Implementation Problems of the Indian Child Welfare Act
||60 Wayne Law Review 307 (Spring, 2014)
||Save Veronica has become a common phrase in the American South over the past year. It appears on the signs of local businesses, is stamped on light purple bracelets, and is the rallying cry for fundraisers, candlelight vigils, and cupcake sales on holidays. It is the topic of many newspaper articles and television news broadcasts and was recently; Search Snippet: ...Note THE BABY VERONICA CASE: CURRENT IMPLEMENTATION PROBLEMS OF THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Jane Burke Copyright © 2014 by Wayne State University...
|Julie Sobotta Kane
||Why Applying the Indian Child Welfare Act Is Worth the Hassle
||57-OCT Advocate 28 (October, 2014)
||After practicing for many years in the area of Indian Law, I often heard complaints about the application of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) in child protection cases. The Act requires state courts to notify Indian Tribes when members of their tribes are subjects of a proceeding. It also requires higher standards of proof when placing children; Search Snippet: ...5285413 ADVOCATE Advocate October, 2014 Section Article WHY APPLYING THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT IS WORTH THE HASSLE Julie Sobotta Kane [FNa1...
||A Brief Overview of the Indian Child Welfare Act, State Court Responses, and Actions Taken in the past Decade to Improve Implementation Outcomes
||26 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers 183 (2013)
||Since the Indian Child Welfare Act (hereafter ICWA) was adopted in 1978 by the U.S. Congress, various courts have struggled with its application, at times coming to different conclusions regarding various terms in the statute and producing different outcomes by state. Differences among state court decisions range from philosophical differences as; Search Snippet: ...of Matrimonial Lawyers 2013 Comment A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT, STATE COURT RESPONSES, AND ACTIONS TAKEN IN THE...
|Sonia M. Gipson Rankin
||Black Kinship Circles in the 21 Century: Survey of Recent Child Welfare Reforms and How it Impacts Black Kinship Care Families
||12 Whittier Journal of Child and Family Advocacy 1 (Spring, 2013)
||The Black American community has been celebrated for the historical success of kinship care. Children not living with biological parents are enveloped by relatives, friends, and community members in order to create a resilient people often reared in the harshest of American socio-economic conditions. Our federal government, states, and communities; Search Snippet: ...plays in the development of a child would be the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 ( 25 U.S.C. §§ 1901 1963 (1978...
|Karen Gray Young
||Do We Have it Right this Time? An Analysis of the Accomplishments and Shortcomings of Washington's Indian Child Welfare Act
||11 Seattle Journal for Social Justice 1229 (Spring, 2013)
||Jessie Scheibner's eyes cloud with tears and her voice trembles as she talks about the day, almost 70 years ago, when a stranger's car pulled up to her parents' home on the Port Gamble S'Klallam Reservation and took her and her two sisters away. The memories of that car ride when she was three and the years spent in one foster home after another; Search Snippet: ...TIME? AN ANALYSIS OF THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND SHORTCOMINGS OF WASHINGTON'S INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Karen Gray Young [FNa1] Copyright © 2013 by Seattle...
||Regaining Control over the Children: Reversing the Legacy of Assimilative Policies in Education, Child Welfare, and Juvenile Justice That Targeted Native American Youth
||37 American Indian Law Review 63 (2012-2013)
||It is conservatively estimated that in 1491 there were at least forty million people living in the Americas. By the time the United States was founded in 1776, that number had decreased so substantially that federal Indian policy during President Washington's tenure was to let non-Indian population growth force the savage as the wolf, to retire; Search Snippet: ...a world far worse than that of the typical non- Indian child. [FN12] There are more than one million Native youth in...
|Bret D. Asbury , Kevin Woodson
||On the Need for Public Boarding Schools
||47 Georgia Law Review 113 (Fall, 2012)
||I. Introduction. 115 II. Limitations of Previous Reform Efforts. 122 A. THE INADEQUACY OF SCHOOL-FINANCE LITIGATION. 123 B. TESTING, SCAPEGOATING, AND EDUCATIONAL JUSTICE ON THE CHEAP. 126 III. Disadvantages Outside The Schoolhouse Door. 130 A. HOME LIFE. 132 B. THE ACUTE DANGERS AND DISADVANTAGES OF GROWING UP IN POOR NEIGHBORHOODS. 139 IV. KIPP; Search Snippet: ...Precedent. Critics of our proposal might object to a public- boarding-school model for educating young children from disadvantaged communities by...
||From Theory to Practice: Incorporating the "Active Efforts" Requirement in Indian Child Welfare Act Proceedings
||43 Arizona State Law Journal 629 (Summer 2011)
||Poverty, poor housing, lack of modern plumbing, and overcrowding are often cited by social workers as proof of parental neglect and are used as grounds for beginning custody proceedings. In a recent California case, the State tried to apply poverty as a standard against a Rosebud Sioux mother and child. At the mother's bidding, the child's aunt; Search Snippet: ...FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE: INCORPORATING THE ACTIVE EFFORTS REQUIREMENT IN INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT PROCEEDINGS Megan Scanlon [FNa1] Copyright (c) 2011 Arizona...
|Cheyañna L. Jaffke
||Judicial Indifference: Why Does the "Existing Indian Family" Exception to the Indian Child Welfare Act Continue to Endure?
||38 Western State University Law Review 127 (Spring 2011)
||I. Introduction II. The Remedy for Judicial Ignorance: The Indian Child Welfare Act and Its History. 129 A. The Need for the Indian Child Welfare Act. 129 B. The Indian Child Welfare Act. 131 C. The Application of the Indian Child Welfare Act. 134 D. The Indian Child Welfare Act Is Still Necessary. 135 E. The existing Indian family Exception. 136; Search Snippet: ...INDIFFERENCE: WHY DOES THE EXISTING INDIAN FAMILY EXCEPTION TO THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT CONTINUE TO ENDURE? Cheyañna L. Jaffke [FN1] Copyright...
|Jill E. Tompkins
||Finding the Indian Child Welfare Act in Unexpected Places: Applicability in Private Non-parent Custody Actions
||81 University of Colorado Law Review 1119 (Fall 2010)
||In recent years, as an increasing number of Indian parents struggle with substance abuse and addiction, the number of abused and neglected Indian children is on the rise. Consequently, state child welfare agencies are overwhelmed, and caseworkers are only able to intervene in the most egregious situations. This understaffing of state agencies; Search Snippet: ...University of Colorado Law Review Fall 2010 Article FINDING THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT IN UNEXPECTED PLACES: APPLICABILITY IN PRIVATE NON-PARENT...
||Rhetoric Versus Reality: the Jurisdiction of Rape, the Indian Child Welfare Act, and the Struggle for Tribal Self-determination
||15 William and Mary Journal of Women and the Law 415 (Winter, 2009)
||This note examines the rape crisis affecting Native American women today and the jurisdictional issues that affect how and whether tribes may prosecute and punish rapists. This note also examines the efficacy of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) in preventing inappropriate removal of Native children from their tribal environment. A comparison of; Search Snippet: ...Roles Notes RHETORIC VERSUS REALITY: THE JURISDICTION OF RAPE, THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT, AND THE STRUGGLE FOR TRIBAL SELF-DETERMINATION Maire...
||The Indian Child Welfare Act's Unconstitutional Impact on the Welfare of the Indian Child
||9 Whittier Journal of Child and Family Advocacy 87 (Fall 2009)
||Child welfare is a controversial, yet unresolved issue in our country with overcrowded adoption agencies and foster homes, overworked social workers, and understaffed Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) lawyers. Unfortunately, there is no shortage of cases surrounding the termination of parental rights related to abuse and neglect; Search Snippet: ...Journal of Child and Family Advocacy Fall 2009 Articles THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT'S UNCONSTITUTIONAL IMPACT ON THE WELFARE OF THE INDIAN CHILD Amanda Tucker [FNa1] Copyright (c) 2009 Whittier Journal of Child...