AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Term
Kirsten Matoy Carlson BRINGING CONGRESS AND INDIANS BACK INTO FEDERAL INDIAN LAW: THE RESTATEMENT OF THE LAW OF AMERICAN INDIANS 97 Washington Law Review 725 (October, 2022) Abstract: Congress and Native Nations have renegotiated the federal-tribal relationship in the past fifty years. The courts, however, have failed to keep up with Congress and recognize this modern federal-tribal relationship. As a result, scholars, judges, and practitioners often characterize federal Indian law as incoherent and inconsistent. This... 2022  
Benjamin Hochberg Bringing Jim Thorpe Home: Inconsistencies in the Native American Graves and Repatriation Act 13 Rutgers Race & the Law Review 83 (2012) Yes. That order did not come from God. Justice, That dwells with the gods below, knows no such law. I did not think your edicts strong enough To overrule the unwritten unalterable laws Of God and heaven, you being only a man. The body of the greatest Native American athlete was sold in a midnight exchange for the benefit of local tourism. In; Search Snippet: ...symbol of the triumph of European-American civilization over savagery. Boarding schools took before-and-after pictures of Indian children, first arriving in tribal dress and then arrayed in the... 2012  
The Honorable Korey Wahwassuck, The Honorable John P. Smith, The Honorable John R. Hawkinson Building a Legacy of Hope: Perspectives on Joint Tribal-state Jurisdiction 36 William Mitchell Law Review 859 (2010) I. Sowing Seeds Of Hope--Synopsis. 860 II. Necessity: The Mother Of Invention--Background. 861 III. Changing Attitudes, Creating Believers--Overcoming Obstacles. 867 IV. The Roots Of Joint Jurisdiction--Historical Analysis. 874 V. The Fruits Of Change--Benefits of Joint Jurisdiction. 887 VI. Looking Forward--Conclusion. 896; Search Snippet: ...of assimilation and civilization was the forced re-education of Indian children at boarding schools that were often long distances from the reservations. [FN86... 2010  
Robert B. Porter Building a New Longhouse: the Case for Government Reform Within the Six Nations of the Haudenosaunee 46 Buffalo Law Review 805 (Fall, 1998) L1-2Introduction 806. I. What is the Current State of Haudenosaunee Governance?. 814 A. Acceptance of the Gayanashagowa and Establishment of the Confederacy. 814 B. Transformation and Americanization. 821 C. Dysfunction and the Modern Era. 844 II. What are the Reasons for Haudenosaunee Governmental Dysfunction?. 889 A. The Change in Haudenosaunee; Search Snippet: ...later, in 1855, for the establishment of the State's first boarding schoolthe Thomas Asylum for Orphan and Destitute Indian Children. [FN74] The State Board of Charities was established to care... 1998  
Juan F. Perea Buscando América: Why Integration and Equal Protection Fail to Protect Latinos 117 Harvard Law Review 1420 (March, 2004) So you see it is up to the white population to keep the Mexican on his knees in an onion patch or in new ground. This does not mix well with education. The lessons of subordination formed the most vital part of the curriculum. The schools renewed the conquest every semester. During the 1940s, Gonzalo and Felícitas Méndez moved to Westminster,; Search Snippet: ...note 16, at 663-69; id. at 862 (discussing American Indian boarding schools). . See Carter Godwin Woodson, The Mis-Education of... 2004  
Richard Delgado ; Jean Stefancic California's Racial History and Constitutional Rationales for Race-conscious Decision Making in Higher Education 47 UCLA Law Review 1521 (August, 2000) Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic examine the history of racial mistreatment of citizens of color in California. Beginning with incidents of racial brutality during the early Spanish colonial period and proceeding into the present, Delgado and Stefancic reveal that California has not been the egalitarian paradise many suppose. The authors write; Search Snippet: ...FN362] Indian schools, by contrast, seem to have done the Indian children sent there very little favor. As mentioned earlier, [FN363] Spanish... 2000  
  CHAPTER 21 INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES AND ADOPTION 86 IUS Gentium 895 (2021) The following working definition of indigenous communities, peoples and nations has been suggested by Martinez Cobo: Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the... 2021  
  CHAPTER 8 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 86 IUS Gentium 345 (2021) The United States of America is a federation of 50 states and the District of Columbia, each of which is a separate jurisdiction with independent responsibility for enacting legislation, providing a judicial system and for managing programmes of service provision. Family law, a matter constitutionally reserved to the states, includes issues and... 2021  
Ralph W. Johnson , Berrie Martinis Chief Justice Rehnquist and the Indian Cases 16 Public Land Law Review Rev. 1 (1995) Since his appointment to the United States Supreme Court, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist has guided significant changes in Indian law. He has articulated new tests for determining the status of tribes and their powers as sovereign nations. He has voted to disestablish tribes and limit their sovereign powers. He has voted to allow states to; Search Snippet: ...Civil War, and were subject to extreme discrimination after it. Indians were forcibly removed from their homelands, required to move onto reservations, surrender their children to boarding schools, deny their own language and religious heritage, and be... 1995  
Larry EchoHawk Child Sexual Abuse in Indian Country: Is the Guardian Keeping in Mind the Seventh Generation? 5 NYU Journal of Legislation and Public Policy 83 (2001-2002) When European settlers first came to the northeastern shore of America, they encountered the great Iroquois Confederacy. Through this contact, white men were intrigued and influenced by several principles of governance used by the Iroquois. One of these principles is reflected in a phrase that captures the spirit of the Iroquois's view toward; Search Snippet: ...Native American children and to bring those who sexually molest Indian children to justice. I Child Sexual Abuse in America A. Statistics... 2002  
Anita Weinberg, Lilia Valdez CHILD WELFARE, REASONABLE EFFORTS, AND COVID-19 41 Children's Legal Rights Journal 162 (2021) Article 19 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) requires governments to protect children from all forms of violence, including violence in the home. At the same time, Articles 3 and 5 obligate states to respect the rights and duties of parents to care for and make decisions on behalf of their children. Although the... 2021 Child Welfare
Christina Cullen, Olivia Alden, Diana Arroyo, Andy Froelich, Meghan Kasner, Conor Kinney, Anique Aburaad, Rebecca Jacobs, Alexandra Spognardi, Alexandra Kuenzli CHILDREN AND RACIAL INJUSTICE IN THE UNITED STATES: A SELECTIVE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CALL TO ACTION 41 Children's Legal Rights Journal 1 (2021) For many reasons, 2020 became a year of reckoning for racial injustice. While a strong and deserved focus has been paid to criminal justice and police brutality, the systemic racism that underlies those institutions and many others affects more than just adults. Children are impacted by systemic racism in myriad ways that can be tragic, maddening,... 2021  
Danelle J. Daugherty Children Are Sacred: Looking Beyond Best Interests of the Child to Establish Effective Tribal-state Cooperative Child Support Advocacy Agreements in South Dakota 47 South Dakota Law Review 282 (2002) Interstate child support advocacy has been streamlined to deal with the problems relating to parties residing in different jurisdictions. Although these laws recognize and call for cross-jurisdictional recognition of tribal child support orders, in practice, that mandate is not always followed. In addition, tribal courts are often on the defensive; Search Snippet: ...their languages; second, a widespread education effort utilized military-style boarding schools including punishments for behavior of a cultural nature; [FN17... 2002  
Kurt Mundorff Children as Chattel: Invoking the Thirteenth Amendment to Reform Child Welfare 1 Cardozo Public Law, Policy and Ethics Journal 131 (May, 2003) During my fourteen months as a Child Protective Specialist for the New York City Administration for Children's Services I generally investigated two or three cases a week. I also accompanied co-workers on their home visits. Through my job, I became involved in the lives of dozens of families and hundreds of children. The Community District for; Search Snippet: ...remain the most impacted ethnic/racial group. [FN248] Interference in Native American families dates back to the colonial period, when Indian children were removed from their homes and educated in white boarding schools. [FN249] The strategy of removing Native American children from... 2003 Child Welfare
Mollie Thompson Children at the Border: Existing Tools for Effective Advocacy 82 Law and Contemporary Problems 217 (2019) As a way of dealing with extensive immigration into the United States via the southern border, the United States Department of Customs & Border Patrol (CBP) detains entire families or unaccompanied minors and places them, together or separately, in either government-run or for-profit detention centers. These centers often have the look and feel of; Search Snippet: ...and families. First, this Part discusses the forced removal of Native American children from their families and reservations for placement in westernized boarding schools. Second, this Part broadly depicts juvenile detentions as a... 2019  
Lorelei Laird Children of the Tribe 102-OCT ABA Journal 40 (October, 2016) Alexandria P.'s short life has been full of harsh goodbyes. At 17 months, she was taken from her parents after accusations of neglect. Los Angeles County authorities placed her in a foster home--but within months, she suffered a black eye and a scrape and was removed again. A second foster family gave her up after just a few months, partly because; Search Snippet: ...October, 2016 Feature CHILDREN OF THE TRIBE Lawsuits Claim the Indian Child Welfare Act Is Not Always in the Best Interests of... 2016  
Anastasia Doherty Choosing to Raise a Child Conceived Through Rape: the Double-injustice of Uneven State Protection 39 Women's Rights Law Reporter 220 (Spring/Summer, 2018) In the aftermath of my rape, my method of coping--no, my method of surviving--was to resolutely pretend that my rape had never occurred. I treated it as a fictitious nightmare. I convinced myself that if I just lived as I had before, I would be as I had before. Different plans were in store for me. A month after my rape, I learned I was; Search Snippet: ...fifteen percent of the nation's children are Black. [FN317] American Indian children are nearly four times more likely to be placed in... 2018  
Deron Marquez Citizenship, Disenrollment & Trauma 53 California Western Law Review 181 (Spring, 2017) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 182 I. Citizenship. 184 II. Disenrollment Trailhead. 191 III. Disenrollment. 197 A. Jeffredo v. Macarro. 199 B. San Diego Health and Human Service Agency v. Michelle T. 202 C. Aftermath. 206 IV. Trauma. 207 Conclusion. 212; Search Snippet: ...Diego Health and Human Service Agency v. Michelle T. The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) of 1978 [FN126] was crafted to assist in the placing of American Indian children into culturally favorable settings to cultivate the child's culture. ICWA was Congress's reaction to Indian children being placed into non-Indian homes (foster or adopted), which... 2017  
Andrea A. Curcio Civil Claims for Uncivilized Acts: Filing Suit Against the Government for American Indian Boarding School Abuses 4 Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal 45 (Fall 2006) We were never going to be like the white man, no matter how hard we tried, but they forced us to try to be like the white man. . . . They stripped us of our language. They stripped us of our religious beliefs. They stripped us of our family life, our family values. They stripped us from our culture. Imagine a government that forced you to send; Search Snippet: ...FOR UNCIVILIZED ACTS: FILING SUIT AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT FOR AMERICAN INDIAN BOARDING SCHOOL ABUSES Andrea A. Curcio [FNa1] Copyright (c) 2006 University... 2006 Boarding School
Anna Belle Newport CIVIL MIRANDA WARNINGS: THE FIGHT FOR PARENTS TO KNOW THEIR RIGHTS DURING A CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES INVESTIGATION 54 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 854 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 856 Part I: The Family Regulation System as it is Today. 862 A. Constitutional Protections & Limitations in the Family Regulation System. 862 B. Disproportionate Impact on Low-Income Communities of Color. 865 C. The Limitations of Miranda v. Arizona in the Family Court Context. 870 Part II: The Meaninglessness of... 2023  
Abi Fain , Mary Kathryn Nagle Close to Zero: the Reliance on Minimum Blood Quantum Requirements to Eliminate Tribal Citizenship in the Allotment Acts and the Post-adoptive Couple Challenges to the Constitutionality of Icwa 43 Mitchell Hamline Law Review 801 (2017) I. Introduction. 803 II. The Origins of Indian as a Political Reference to Citizenship Under Federal Law. 810 A. The Absence of Blood Quantum in Tribal and Federal Laws Pre-1887. 810 B. Congress Purposefully Excluded Indians--Citizens of Tribal Nations--from the Fourteenth Amendment. 815 III. The Use of Blood Quantum to Implement the Allotment; Search Snippet: ...before you can call, under the statute, a child an Indian child ? 3/256ths? I'm just wondering is 3/256ths close--close... 2017  
Gil Gott , Sumi Cho Cluster Introduction: Culture, Knowledge, Law, and Community Countering "New Sovereignty" with Knowledge 22 Berkeley La Raza Law Journal 67 (2012) Sovereignty, as used in this introduction to the cluster of articles on Culture, Knowledge, Law and Community, refers to a form of both social identity and political organization. We use the concept of sovereignty and new sovereignty to provide a broader lens through which to analyze the set of articles in this cluster addressing topical issues; Search Snippet: ...explain the contrast with U.S. indigenous--the impact that governmental Indian boarding school policies of the 1800s have had in forcing Indian children and youth to discard tribal attire and to adopt required... 2012  
Angela R. Hoeft Coming Full Circle: American Indian Treaty Litigation from an International Human Rights Perspective 14 Law & Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice 203 (December, 1995) L1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 204 I. From Sovereignty to Self-Determination. 209 A. The American Story. 209 1. Tribal Sovereignty: A Judicial Doctrine. 209 2. Tribal Self-Determination: A Federal Policy. 215 B. The International Story. 219 1. Self-Determination: From a Right of Nations to a Human Right 219 2. Self-Determination: A Right of; Search Snippet: ...for engaging in traditional religious practices. [FN58] Federal agents removed Indian children from their homes and placed them in boarding schools where they were often forced to adopt Christian religions... 1995  
Jessie Shaw COMMANDEERING THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT: NATIVE AMERICAN RIGHTS EXCEPTION TO TENTH AMENDMENT CHALLENGES 42 Cardozo Law Review 2007 (September, 2021) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 2007 I. Background. 2009 A. History of ICWA and the Final Rule. 2009 B. Challenging the Final Rule. 2014 C. Challenges to ICWA at the Supreme Court. 2016 D. The Anti-Commandeering Doctrine. 2017 E. ICWA Provisions Under the Anti-Commandeering Doctrine. 2020 II. Analysis: Immunity of ICWA. 2027 A. Exceptions to... 2021 Child Welfare
Sydney Groll COMMUNITIES AS CARETAKERS: THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT AS AN ANTIRACIST FRAMEWORK FOR ALL CHILD WELFARE CASES 19 Rutgers Journal of Law & Public Policy 279 (Spring, 2022) Americans have long been trained to see the deficiencies of people rather than policy. It's a pretty easy mistake to make: People are in our faces. Policies are distant. We are particularly poor at seeing the policies lurking behind the struggles of people. --Ibram X. Kendi The child welfare system is racist. As with all systems in the United... 2022 Child Welfare
Amy Gilbert Community-based Child Care in Ethiopia Vs. The Individual Centered Model in the United States: a Closer Examination of Family Group Decision Making in Child Placement 33 Children's Legal Rights Journal 348 (Fall, 2013) The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, rich with history and cultural tradition. Although Ethiopia is the second most populous nation and one of the fastest growing non-oil economies on the African continent, it still remains one of the poorest and most primitive countries in the world. Throughout; Search Snippet: ...result of this practice, the U.S. government eventually passed the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA), [FN131] recognizing a predominately tribal... 2013  
Steven J. Gunn Compacts, Confederacies, and Comity: Intertribal Enforcement of Tribal Court Orders 34 New Mexico Law Review 297 (Spring, 2004) Indian tribes and their reservations have been described as America's internal colonies. Since the arrival of Europeans on this continent, Indian people have seen their tribes divided, their lands taken, and their sovereignty diminished. For well over a century, the U.S. Congress has exercised so-called plenary power over Indian affairs, enacting; Search Snippet: ...of tribal governments. In its darkest moments, Congress has abrogated Indian treaties, divided reservations into farm-sized allotments for individual Indians, sold surplus Indian lands to homesteaders, acculturated Indian children in off-reservation boarding schools, suppressed Indian cultural and religious practices, imposed federal and, in some cases... 2004  
Nell Jessup Newton Compensation, Reparations, & Restitution: Indian Property Claims in the United States 28 Georgia Law Review 453 (Winter 1994) Calls for restitution in Eastern Europe present legal scholars in the United States with an opportunity to reexamine the legal and moral justifications for laws of property distribution in general and laws permitting confiscation and mandating restitution in particular. Western legal and constitutional theory accepts that government may take; Search Snippet: ...Captain Pratt was the founder and superintendent of the Carlisle Indian School, a boarding school for Indian children. Id. at 260. . II Prucha, supra note , at 631... 1994  
  Conference Transcript: Heeding Frickey's Call: Doing Justice in Indian Country 37 American Indian Law Review 347 (2012-2013) HEEDING PHIL FRICKEY'S CALL: THE ISSUES IN INDIAN COUNTRY. 348 Matthew L.M. Fletcher, Professor of Law and Director of the Indigenous Law & Policy Center, Michigan State University College of Law. 348 Joseph Heath, Attorney at Law, Onondaga Nation General Counsel. 351 Pat Sekaquaptewa, Executive Director, Nakwatsvewat Institute. 358 ENVIRONMENTAL; Search Snippet: ...a history of federal policies such as mandatory placement of Indian children in boarding schools and the Indian Adoption Project. [FN67] These federal policies that weaken family structures... 2013  
Josh Gupta-Kagan CONFRONTING INDETERMINACY AND BIAS IN CHILD PROTECTION LAW 33 Stanfor Law and Policy Review 217 (September, 2022) The child protection legal system faces strong and growing demands for change following at least two critiques. First, child protection law is substantively indeterminate; it does not precisely prescribe when state agencies can intervene in family life and what that intervention should entail, thus granting wide discretion to child protection... 2022  
Torey Dolan CONGRESS' POWER TO AFFIRM INDIAN CITIZENSHIP THROUGH LEGISLATION PROTECTING NATIVE AMERICAN VOTING RIGHTS 59 Idaho Law Review 47 (2023) American Indians' path to citizenship and the franchise has not been straightforward nor simple. The legacy of this complicated path bears out today in the myriad of ways that Native Americans lack equitable access to voting in state and federal elections and otherwise face barriers to participating in the body politic that non-Indians do not.... 2023  
Kristen A. Carpenter Considering Individual Religious Freedoms under Tribal Constitutional Law 14-SPG Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy 561 (Spring, 2005) Environment, culture, religion, and life are very much interrelated. Indeed, they are often one and the same. Water for example, is the lifeblood of the people. I recall taking a draft tribal water code for public input into the five villages .. Protection of the water spirits was a major concern throughout the reservation. And the water spirits; Search Snippet: ...massacres of people engaged in religious dances, federal laws criminalizing Indian religious practices, federally funded programs assigning Christian missionaries to reservations, the removal of Indian children from their families to Christian boarding schools, and other programs tied closely to the federal project of conquering, colonizing, and assimilating American Indians. [FN25] As recently as 1988, the United States Supreme Court... 2005  
Patrice H. Kunesh Constant Governments: Tribal Resilience and Regeneration in Changing Times 19-FALL Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy Pol'y 8 (Fall 2009) The landscape of history tells us that tribes are resilient governing institutions. They have withstood the forces of alienation and assimilation because their constancy is rooted in their culture and their land. Those forces are still afoot in dispiriting Supreme Court decisions and in the country's economic demise. Today, tribes throughout the; Search Snippet: ...a corrosive course of action using education to target American Indian children as objects of blatant cultural genocide. [FN62] In the late... 2009  
Monica Shaffer CONSTITUTIONALITY OF REPARATIONS FOR NATIVE AMERICANS: CONFRONTING THE BOARDING SCHOOLS 49 Mitchell Hamline Law Review 403 (April, 2023) I. Introduction. 404 II. Government Mistreatment of Native Americans: Boarding Schools. 405 A. Historical Context of the Boarding Schools. 405 B. The Boarding School Experience. 406 C. Historical Trauma and Direct Impact. 410 D. Ripple Effects. 412 III. About Reparations and Native Americans. 414 A. General Review. 414 B. Types of Reparations:... 2023 Boarding School
Genevieve Frances Steel Constructing the Trident of the Reasonable Person: Enough Is Enough! It's Time for the Reasonable Indian Standard 12 Elon Law Review 62 (2020) I. Introduction. 64 II. Background. 68 A. American Indian Statistics. 68 B. Historical Trauma. 71 1. American Indian Genocide. 73 2. Colonization and Boarding Schools. 75 C. Trauma Affects Cognition, Emotional Control, and Reasoning. 77 D. Acculturation and Its Effect on Native Health. 81 III. The Reasonable Indian Standard. 84 A. The Reasonable; Search Snippet: ...One of the prominent causes of Historical Trauma for American Indians occurred through boarding school trauma. [FN78] Studies reveal that abuse from boarding school traces back through generations of Indians and is manifested in addiction, cycles of incest, anger, rage, depression, and hopelessness found in American Indians today. [FN79] During the Assimilation period, [FN80] which is a period in Indian history under the umbrella of 2020  
Annette R. Appell Controlling for Kin: Ghosts in the Postmodern Family 25 Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society 73 (Spring, 2010) Amid the many transformations that have reshaped the study of kinship over time, the question of the significance of biological facts has remained a persistent quagmire - as easy to fall into as it is difficult to leave behind. Abstract. 74 Introduction. 74 I. Bionormative Regulation of Families and the Production of Liberty. 79 A. The; Search Snippet: ...of federal and state policy led to the removal of Native American children from their homes and tribes to boarding schools [FN207] and Anglo-American families. [FN208] This process of... 2010  
Joonu-Noel Andrews Coste COVID-19, HEALTH JUSTICE, AND THE PRIVILEGE OF SPACE: A NEW CRITICAL INTERSECTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR CREATING A PRESCRIPTION FOR EQUAL WELL-BEING AND APPLIED TO ADDRESSING HEALTH OF CHILDREN RESIDING IN PSYCHIATRIC INSTITUTIONS 43 Campbell Law Review 309 (Spring, 2021) When day comes we ask ourselves, / where can we find light in this never-ending shade? / The loss we carry, / a sea we must wade / We've braved the belly of the beast / We've learned that quiet isn't always peace / And the norms and notions / of what just is / Isn't always justice / And yet the dawn is ours / before we knew it / Somehow we do it /... 2021  
Ali Murat Gali CRAWLING OUT OF FEAR AND THE RUINS OF AN EMPIRE: QUEER, BLACK, AND NATIVE INTIMACIES, LAWS OF CREATION AND FUTURES OF CARE 34 Yale Journal of Law & Feminism 176 (2023) L1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 177 Part I. Relational Possibilities Under the Siege of Equality: Privatized Romances of Sensuality and the Family. 184 A. Lawrence v. Texas and Domesticated Sensualities. 187 B. Obergefell v. Hodges and Fantasizing Privatized Marriage. 193 Part II. Privatized Subjects in Lifeless Streets: Ethical Ramifications... 2023  
Emma VanderWeyst CREATING AND MAINTAINING CONSISTENT STANDARDS REGARDING THE ROLE OF PARENTAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE AT SHELTER CARE HEARINGS IN WASHINGTON STATE 98 Washington Law Review 763 (June, 2023) Abstract: When Child Protective Services (CPS) removes children from their home in Washington State, the State must hold a shelter care hearing within seventy-two hours to determine where the children should be placed while the investigation and dependency hearing proceed. RCW 13.34.065 requires the State to return a child to their parent's care if... 2023  
Lucas Lixinski , Stephen Young CREATIVE DIFFERENCES: INDIGENOUS ARTISTS AND THE LAW AT 20 CENTURY NATION-BUILDING EXHIBITIONS 45 Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 3 (Winter 2021) Indigenous peoples in major common law jurisdictions (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States) have had a fraught relationship with the state's legal system. However, while denying Indigenous individuals and peoples the same rights as white settlers, each of these states used Indigenous art to create a distinctive national-state... 2021  
Angela R. Riley Crime and Governance in Indian Country 63 UCLA Law Review 1564 (August, 2016) Criminal jurisdiction in Indian country is defined by a central, ironic paradox. Recent federal laws expanding tribal criminal jurisdiction are, in many respects, enormous victories for Indian country, as they acknowledge and reify a more robust notion of tribal sovereignty, one capable of accommodating increased tribal control over safety and; Search Snippet: ...must be weighed in prosecuting Indians--who are parents to Indian children, employees of the tribe, etc.--are present in these cases... 2016  
M. Brent Leonhard , Attorney, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation CRIMINAL JURISDICTION IN INDIAN COUNTRY 69 Department of Justice Journal of Federal Law and Practice 45 (March, 2021) Criminal jurisdiction in Indian country can be complex depending on where an incident occurs, whether the defendant or victim is an Indian, the type of crime alleged, treaty provisions, various state and federal court decisions, and federal regulations. Professor Robert Clinton described it as a jurisdictional maze. This complexity can present... 2021  
Michalyn Steele Cultivating Professional Identity and Resilience Through the Study of Federal Indian Law 2018 Brigham Young University Law Review 1429 (2018) C1-2Contents I. Introduction. 1429 II. Professional Identity Formation and the Study of Federal Indian Law. 1433 A. Commitment to Others. 1436 B. The Basics of Good Judgment to Help Clients. 1440 C. Cross-Cultural Competency. 1442 III. Cultivating Resilience Through the Study of Federal Indian Law. 1445 IV. Conclusion. 1448; Search Snippet: ...have the opportunity to contemplate cultural values in studying the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). [FN55] ICWA is a federal statute that... 2018  
Barry Sautman Cultural Genocide and Tibet 38 Texas International Law Journal 173 (Spring 2003) I. Introduction. 174 II. Cultural Genocide in International Law and Politics. 177 A. Unquestioned Cultural Genocide. 177 B. The Convention and Cultural Genocide. 181 C. Indigenous Peoples, Cultural Genocide, and Ethnocide. 187 III. The Claim of Cultural Genocide in Tibet. 196 A. The Émigré Conception of Cultural Genocide. 196 IV. The Empirical; Search Snippet: ...favored destruction by civilization rather than by killing. [FN156] Ninety boarding schools for Native American children were established between 1878 and 1902. [FN157] Richard... 2003  
Guadalupe T. Luna Cultural, Ethnic, and Religious Fragmentation 20 Saint Thomas Law Review 622 (Spring 2008) I. Introduction. 622 II. Knowledge Production: The Essays. 623 III. Summary. 639 IV. Conclusion. 641; Search Snippet: ...the author targets the presentation of the heinous treatment of Indian children at the Pennsylvania based Carlisle School. [FN129] Established in 1879... 2008  
Tim Eigo CULTURE, DENIAL, JUSTICE 58-AUG Arizona Attorney 4 (July/August, 2022) Once again, leaders of the State Bar Indian Law Section are making us at the magazine look absolutely prophetic. The issue you hold in your hand or scroll through online took almost a year to put together. It started with deep thinking by Indian Law practitioners, followed by a call for content, consideration of submissions, hard choices, thorough... 2022  
Paula Polasky Customary Adoptions for Non-indian Children: Borrowing from Tribal Traditions to Encourage Permanency for Legal Orphans Through Bypassing Termination of Parental Rights 30 Law & Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice 401 (Summer 2012) In second grade I learned the word precious. Seeing the definition for the first time, I was overcome with a longing to be precious to somebody. Dear. Beloved. Of great value. I spent my childhood in a series of about 30 placements in foster homes, kinship care, shelter care, correctional institutions, treatment facilities, and group homes. Over; Search Snippet: ...Theory and Practice Summer 2012 Articles CUSTOMARY ADOPTIONS FOR NON- INDIAN CHILDREN: BORROWING FROM TRIBAL TRADITIONS TO ENCOURAGE PERMANENCY FOR LEGAL ORPHANS... 2012  
Marcia A. Zug Dangerous Gamble: Child Support, Casino Dividends, and the Fate of the Indian Family 36 William Mitchell Law Review 738 (2010) I. Introduction. 739 II. The Role of Children's Income on Child Support. 744 A. Duty of Child Support. 748 B. Case Law Concerning Children's Income. 749 C. The Hoak Case. 750 D. Policy Concerns. 753 E. The History of Parental Financial Exploitation. 755 III. The Cypress Difference. 757 A. The Indian Difference. 758 B. The Role of the Indian Family; Search Snippet: ...reach a decision regarding the appropriateness of child support for Indian children receiving casino dividends, but it is a decision that will... 2010  
Ann Piccard Death by Boarding School: "The Last Acceptable Racism" and the United States' Genocide of Native Americans 49 Gonzaga Law Review 137 (2013-2014) For the survivor who chooses to testify, it is clear: His duty is to bear witness for the dead and for the living. He has no right to deprive future generations of a past that belongs to our collective memory. To forget would be not only dangerous but also offensive; to forget the dead would be akin to killing them a second time. I. Introduction; Search Snippet: ...LAW REVIEW Gonzaga Law Review 2013-2014 Article DEATH BY BOARDING SCHOOL: THE LAST ACCEPTABLE RACISM AND THE UNITED STATES' GENOCIDE OF NATIVE AMERICANS Ann Piccard [FNa1] Copyright (c) 2013 The Corporation of... 2014 Boarding School
Julie Novkov DEATH DROP: THE ROBERTS COURT, LEGITIMACY, AND THE FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN THE UNITED STATES 83 Maryland Law Review 77 (2023) Left critics of the Roberts Court have objected to the Court's decisions, but also to its efforts to transform the Constitution and constitutional interpretation, upending longstanding organizations of political power and the structure and scope of rights. These critics have questioned the Court's legitimacy, noting the unpopularity of some of... 2023  
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