The Honorable Korey Wahwassuck, The Honorable John P. Smith, The Honorable John R. Hawkinson Building a Legacy of Hope: Perspectives on Joint Tribal-state Jurisdiction 36 William Mitchell Law Review 859 (2010) I. Sowing Seeds Of Hope--Synopsis. 860 II. Necessity: The Mother Of Invention--Background. 861 III. Changing Attitudes, Creating Believers--Overcoming Obstacles. 867 IV. The Roots Of Joint Jurisdiction--Historical Analysis. 874 V. The Fruits Of Change--Benefits of Joint Jurisdiction. 887 VI. Looking Forward--Conclusion. 896; Search Snippet: ...of assimilation and civilization was the forced re-education of Indian children at boarding schools that were often long distances from the reservations. [FN86... 2010
Annette R. Appell Controlling for Kin: Ghosts in the Postmodern Family 25 Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society 73 (Spring, 2010) Amid the many transformations that have reshaped the study of kinship over time, the question of the significance of biological facts has remained a persistent quagmire - as easy to fall into as it is difficult to leave behind. Abstract. 74 Introduction. 74 I. Bionormative Regulation of Families and the Production of Liberty. 79 A. The; Search Snippet: ...of federal and state policy led to the removal of Native American children from their homes and tribes to boarding schools [FN207] and Anglo-American families. [FN208] This process of... 2010
Marcia A. Zug Dangerous Gamble: Child Support, Casino Dividends, and the Fate of the Indian Family 36 William Mitchell Law Review 738 (2010) I. Introduction. 739 II. The Role of Children's Income on Child Support. 744 A. Duty of Child Support. 748 B. Case Law Concerning Children's Income. 749 C. The Hoak Case. 750 D. Policy Concerns. 753 E. The History of Parental Financial Exploitation. 755 III. The Cypress Difference. 757 A. The Indian Difference. 758 B. The Role of the Indian Family; Search Snippet: ...reach a decision regarding the appropriateness of child support for Indian children receiving casino dividends, but it is a decision that will... 2010
Jill E. Tompkins Finding the Indian Child Welfare Act in Unexpected Places: Applicability in Private Non-parent Custody Actions 81 University of Colorado Law Review 1119 (Fall 2010) In recent years, as an increasing number of Indian parents struggle with substance abuse and addiction, the number of abused and neglected Indian children is on the rise. Consequently, state child welfare agencies are overwhelmed, and caseworkers are only able to intervene in the most egregious situations. This understaffing of state agencies; Search Snippet: ...University of Colorado Law Review Fall 2010 Article FINDING THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT IN UNEXPECTED PLACES: APPLICABILITY IN PRIVATE NON-PARENT... 2010
Rebecca Tsosie Indigenous Women and International Human Rights Law: the Challenges of Colonialism, Cultural Survival, and Self-determination 15 UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs 187 (Spring 2010) As indigenous peoples move toward full realization of their right to self-determination, as affirmed by the text of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, some have queried whether this will promote the ability of indigenous groups to violate the rights of vulnerable members, particularly women. International human; Search Snippet: ...civilization agenda. [FN43] Federal policymakers authorized the forcible removal of Native American children from their homes and families and their placement in residential boarding schools, where their tribal identity (including religion, social practices, and... 2010
Leo I. Brisbois Nine Days in June: Shaping Our Future; Valuing Our past 67-MAR Bench and Bar of Minnesota Minn. 6 (March, 2010) Boozhoo Niijii; Gdinimikoon. Hello, Friend; I greet you in a good way. Well into the first half of the 20th century, American Indian communities, the Ojibwe/Anishinaabe among them, tragically endured the often forced removal of children from their homes, sometimes for years. These children routinely were sent half-way across the continent to; Search Snippet: ...children routinely were sent half-way across the continent to boarding schools to be taught how not to be Indian. My own paternal grandparents were sent to boarding schools in Carlisle, PA, and Flandreau, SD. The Ojibwe/Anishinaabe... 2010
Catherine Y. Kim Procedures for Public Law Remediation in School-to-prison Pipeline Litigation: Lessons Learned from Antoine V. Winner School District 54 New York Law School Law Review 955 (2009/2010) As described throughout this issue, the school-to-prison pipeline refers to policies and practices that systemically push at-risk youth out of mainstream public schools and into the juvenile or criminal justice systems. Students in K-12 public schools are subject to exclusionary school discipline practices of suspension or expulsion with; Search Snippet: ...attitudes was embodied in the assimilation policy of removing American Indian children from their homes and placing them in boarding schools, popularized as Kill the Indian, Save the Man. See U.S. Comm'n on Civil Rights, A... 2010
George A. Martinez Race, American Law and the State of Nature 112 West Virginia Law Review 799 (Spring, 2010) L1-2Abstract L3799 I. Introduction. 800 II. State of Nature Theory: Hobbes and Spinoza. 802 A. Hobbes. 803 B. Spinoza. 805 III. Racial Minorities in the State of Nature. 806 A. African-Americans and the State of Nature. 806 B. Native Americans and the State of Nature. 811 C. Mexican-Americans and Lack of Constraint. 815 D. Immigration and Plenary; Search Snippet: ...Native American children from their families); Gaylene J. McCartney, American Indian Child-Welfare Crisis: Cultural Genocide or First Amendment Preservation? 7 Colum... 2010
Bethany R. Berger Reconciling Equal Protection and Federal Indian Law 98 California Law Review 1165 (August, 2010) Federal Indian law and policy, which largely concern the distinct status of Indian individuals and tribes defined in part by descent, increasingly face challenges that they violate equal protection law. This Article argues that such challenges stem from what Professor Philip Frickey has criticized as the seduction of artificial coherence, and; Search Snippet: homesteaders and railroads, assumed jurisdiction to punish crimes between Indians, corralled Indian children in federal boarding schools, and erected Courts of Indian Offenses to regulate domestic and religious matters. [FN84] Policy began... 2010
Sarah Deer Relocation Revisited: Sex Trafficking of Native Women in the United States 36 William Mitchell Law Review 621 (2010) I. Introduction. 622 II. Historical Overview: Preliminary Notes on Context. 630 III. Enslavement. 632 A. Pre-Colonial Human Captivity. 633 B. Indian Slavery under Spanish and Portuguese Law. 636 C. Indian Slavery under English Law. 638 D. Indian Slavery under French Law. 639 E. Indian Slavery in the United States. 640 IV. Exploitation. 640 A; Search Snippet: ...A. Forced Migration-- Trails of Tears 661 B. Trafficking in Native Children: Mandatory Boarding Schools 665 VI. Relocation Revisited 669 VII. Contemporary Issues 674... 2010
Allison M. Dussias Spirit Food and Sovereignty: Pathways for Protecting Indigenous Peoples' Subsistence Rights 58 Cleveland State Law Review 273 (2010) The right of taking fish at usual and accustomed grounds and stations is further secured to said Indians . . . together with the privilege of hunting and gathering roots and berries . . . . -Treaty of Point No Point, 1855 Water is the life-supporting blood of Mother Earth that human beings share in common with all living things. -Sokaogon Chippewa; Search Snippet: ...the assimilationist agenda of past U.S. government policy toward tribes. Boarding schools and day schools, run by the government and by... 2010
Gloria Valencia-Weber, Antoinette Sedillo Lopez Stories in Mexico and the United States about the Border: the Rhetoric and the Realities 5 Intercultural Human Rights Law Review 241 (2010) Immigration was a hot topic before the failure of the June 2007 United States (U.S.) President's Immigration Reform Bill and remains so today. President Obama has promised to work on comprehensive immigration reform. This initiative will, of course, involve popular discourse and press coverage. During the time in which the 2007 Immigration Reform; Search Snippet: ...the U.S. government accelerated its policy and practice of removing Indian children from their families to send their children to boarding schools away from their homelands. [FN221] In response, the Papago... 2010
Richard D. Pomp The Unfulfilled Promise of the Indian Commerce Clause and State Taxation 63 Tax Lawyer 897 (Summer, 2010) I. Introduction 902 II. The Early Days 912 A. Colonial America and the Crown 912 B. The Revolutionary War and the Confederation 922 1. The Revolutionary War 922 2. Articles of Confederation 925 3. Article IX of the Articles of Confederation 927 C. Post-Revolutionary War 929 III. Birth of the Indian Commerce Clause 932 A. The Constitutional; Search Snippet: ...that the federal government had a long history of educating Indian children, [FN993] and the federal regulatory scheme was so comprehensive and... 2010
Ryan Dreveskracht Tribal Court Jurisdiction and Native Nation Economies: a Trip down the Rabbit Hole 67 National Lawyers Guild Review 65 (Summer, 2010) Lance Morgan is the chief executive officer of Ho-Chunk Inc., the economic development corporation of the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska. In 1994 Ho-Chunk Inc. was founded using seed money from a gaming enterprise opened two years earlier in order to provide long-term economic growth to the perpetually impoverished Indian nation. In 2001 Ho-Chunk; Search Snippet: ...federal official, to kill the Indian, save the man. [FN158] Indian children were removed from home to be educated in government and church-run boarding schools throughout the United States[,] where youth were often sexually... 2010
Angelique EagleWoman , (Wambdi A. WasteWin) Tribal Nations and Tribalist Economics: the Historical and Contemporary Impacts of Intergenerational Material Poverty and Cultural Wealth Within the United States 49 Washburn Law Journal 805 (Spring 2010) Let us put our minds together to see what we can build for our children. Itancan Tatanka Iyotaka (Chief Sitting Bull) The poor quality of life and material impoverishment that is the situation for the majority of tribal citizens within the United States is unacceptable, especially in light of the U.S. policies that have created the poverty; Search Snippet: ...of tribal government. The aftermath of the most devastating U.S. Indian policies included: removal from tribal homelands, [FN57] the kidnapping of... 2010
Steve Sanders Where Sovereigns and Cultures Collide: Balancing Federalism, Tribal Self-determination, and Individual Rights in the Adoption of Indian Children by Gays and Lesbians 25 Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society 327 (Fall 2010) Introduction. 327 I. Background. 331 A. ICWA and Adoption. 331 B. Gay and Lesbian Adoption in the United States. 333 C. Indian Attitudes Toward Homosexuality and Same-sex Relationships. 334 II. Gay/Lesbian Adoptions in Tribal Court. 337 A. In Tribal Court, Tribal Law Controls. 338 B. Full Faith and Credit for Tribal Adoption Decrees. 339 III; Search Snippet: ...TRIBAL SELF-DETERMINATION, AND INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS IN THE ADOPTION OF INDIAN CHILDREN BY GAYS AND LESBIANS Steve Sanders [FNa1] Copyright (c) 2010... 2010
Patrice H. Kunesh Constant Governments: Tribal Resilience and Regeneration in Changing Times 19-FALL Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy Pol'y 8 (Fall 2009) The landscape of history tells us that tribes are resilient governing institutions. They have withstood the forces of alienation and assimilation because their constancy is rooted in their culture and their land. Those forces are still afoot in dispiriting Supreme Court decisions and in the country's economic demise. Today, tribes throughout the; Search Snippet: ...a corrosive course of action using education to target American Indian children as objects of blatant cultural genocide. [FN62] In the late... 2009
Shira Kieval Discerning Discrimination in State Treatment of American Indians Going Beyond Reservation Boundaries 109 Columbia Law Review 94 (January, 2009) Generally, federal Indian law cases focus on jurisdiction inside of Indian Country. Occasionally, however, challenges arise about the application of state law to American Indians outside of Indian Country. In 1973, and again in 2005, the Supreme Court announced that [a]bsent express federal law to the contrary, Indians going beyond reservation; Search Snippet: ...returning to a goal of rapid assimilation of American Indians. Indian children were sent to off-reservation boarding schools to receive American educations. [FN53] Legislation terminated treaties of... 2009
  Law Review 38 Journal of Law and Education 179 (January, 2009) Danielle N. Boaz, Equality Does Not Mean Conformity: Reevaluating the Use of Segregated Schools to Create a Culturally Appropriate Education for African American Children, 7 Conn. Pub. Int. L.J. 1 (2007). This article confronts the assumption that the most effective strategy for advancing minority education is school integration. It details the; Search Snippet: ...a culturally sensitive model for identifying ELLs with disabilities. The Indian Boarding School Era and its Continuing Impact on Tribal Families and... 2009
Suzianne D. Painter-Thorne One Step Forward, Two Giant Steps Back: How the "Existing Indian Family" Exception (Re)imposes Anglo American Legal Values on American Indian Tribes to the Detriment of Cultural Autonomy 33 American Indian Law Review 329 (2008-2009) This article describes the profound changes to American Indian kinship and social structures caused when European and Anglo American legal norms were imposed on American Indian tribes without respect for Indian culture or values. Although these sovereign nations were entitled to self-determination, they were for centuries subjected to laws crafted; Search Snippet: ...table and have them recognized in laws such as the Indian Child Welfare Act. But that progress has been short-lived. State... 2009
Kurt Mundorff Other Peoples' Children: a Textual and Contextual Interpretation of the Genocide Convention, Article 2(e) 50 Harvard International Law Journal 61 (Winter 2009) The 1948 Genocide Convention, Article 2(e) declares that the forcible transfer of children from a protected group to another group is an act that amounts to genocide when it is conducted with intent to destroy the group, as such, at least in part. Although listed co-equally with mass killing and forced sterilizations, and despite what appear; Search Snippet: ...groups. Finally, this Article highlights several programs, including the American Indian boarding school program and Australia's Aboriginal removal programs, and argues that... 2009
Matthew L.M. Fletcher Red Leaves and the Dirty Ground: the Cannibalism of Law and Economics 33 American Indian Law Review 33 (2008-2009) [E]very breath that is in your lungs is a tiny little gift to me -The White Stripes, Dead Leaves and the Dirty Ground We cannot eat [our slaves]. Why not? There are too many of them. -William Faulkner, Red Leaves Less than a year after the stock market crash of 1929, William Faulkner moved into a dilapidated house in Mississippi. He; Search Snippet: ...States would continue to employ its vicious policy against the Indians who won in the latter nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by stealing Indian children and sending them to boarding schools to have their cultures and languages annihilated and by otherwise exploiting the lands of the resource-rich Indian communities that won. [FN71] Professor Kades argued that the most... 2009
Bethany R. Berger Red: Racism and the American Indian 56 UCLA Law Review 591 (February, 2009) How does racism work in American Indian law and policy? Scholarship on the subject too often has assumed that racism works for Indians in the same way that it does for African Americans, and has therefore either emphasized the presence of hallmarks of black-white racism, such as uses of blood quantum, as evidence of racism, or has emphasized the; Search Snippet: ...hard labor. [FN23] It was also the period of the Indian boarding schools, which separated children from their parents for years in order to kill the Indian . . . to save the man. [FN24] In case there was any... 2009
Maire Corcoran Rhetoric Versus Reality: the Jurisdiction of Rape, the Indian Child Welfare Act, and the Struggle for Tribal Self-determination 15 William and Mary Journal of Women and the Law 415 (Winter, 2009) This note examines the rape crisis affecting Native American women today and the jurisdictional issues that affect how and whether tribes may prosecute and punish rapists. This note also examines the efficacy of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) in preventing inappropriate removal of Native children from their tribal environment. A comparison of; Search Snippet: ...Roles Notes RHETORIC VERSUS REALITY: THE JURISDICTION OF RAPE, THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT, AND THE STRUGGLE FOR TRIBAL SELF-DETERMINATION Maire... 2009
Brent T. White Ritual, Emotion, and Political Belief: the Search for the Constitutional Limit to Patriotic Education in Public Schools 43 Georgia Law Review 447 (Winter, 2009) One sings the Marseillaise for its words, of course, but one sings it especially for the mass of emotions that it stirs in our subconscious. -Maurice Barres (1902) Young children across America begin the school day with ritualized expressions of loyalty to the United States. With hands on their hearts, they pledge allegiance to the flag of the; Search Snippet: ...Americanizing immigrants in the new urban schools and with assimilating Native American tribes by removing Indian children from their homes and placing them into state boarding schools. [FN15] Public schools were similarly used in Hawaii to... 2009
Amanda Tucker The Indian Child Welfare Act's Unconstitutional Impact on the Welfare of the Indian Child 9 Whittier Journal of Child and Family Advocacy 87 (Fall 2009) Child welfare is a controversial, yet unresolved issue in our country with overcrowded adoption agencies and foster homes, overworked social workers, and understaffed Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) lawyers. Unfortunately, there is no shortage of cases surrounding the termination of parental rights related to abuse and neglect; Search Snippet: ...Journal of Child and Family Advocacy Fall 2009 Articles THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT'S UNCONSTITUTIONAL IMPACT ON THE WELFARE OF THE INDIAN CHILD Amanda Tucker [FNa1] Copyright (c) 2009 Whittier Journal of Child... 2009
Valerie J. Phillips A Pluralistic Approach to Oppression and Latino Terra Nullius 20 Saint Thomas Law Review 691 (Spring 2008) We are nations of givers dealing with nations of takers. Anonymous The real battle will be between westernized, assimilated elites within all nations, and those who refuse to assimilate. Hanna Petros I. Introduction. 691 II. Back Alley Abortions. 694 III. Cyber-Love and Getting to Praxis. 700 IV. Everything is up for Discussion . 701 This; Search Snippet: ...closed in 1914, and was the first off-reservation government boarding school intended to deal with the Indian problem by assimilating young Indians into white society. [FN19] It is now the U.S. Army... 2008
The Editorial Staff of the University of La Verne Law Review A Selective Bibliographic Index of Juvenile Law Publications 30 University of La Verne Law Review 216 (November, 2008) The following is a selective compilation of articles published in law reviews and legal journals from 2007 through October 22, 2008, available on Westlaw and LexisNexis. Articles selected for inclusion under general topics pertain specifically to juveniles. Articles focusing on college and university law have been omitted. Each topic has been; Search Snippet: ...Amina, Comment, The Battle of Wills: The Impact of the Indian Child Welfare Act on Parents Who Make Testamentary Appointments of Guardianship for Their Indian Children, 28 J. Juv. L. 148 (2007) Monopoli, Paula A., Nonmarital... 2008
Barbara Ann Atwood Achieving Permanency for American Indian and Alaska Native Children: Lessons from Tribal Traditions 37 Capital University Law Review 239 (Winter 2008) One of the many challenges facing the American child welfare system is the need for practices that are responsive to the unique cultural needs of the children who are placed in foster care. The goal of achieving permanent, stable placements for children in the child welfare system is an over-arching objective, but permanency is a chameleon term; Search Snippet: ...laws with contrasting approaches to permanency have particular relevance: the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 [FN4] (ICWA) and the Adoption and... 2008
Robert D. Cooter , Wolfgang Fikentscher American Indian Law Codes: Pragmatic Law and Tribal Identity 56 American Journal of Comparative Law 29 (Winter 2008) The United States has recognized the power of American Indian tribes to make laws at least since 1934. Most tribes, however, did not write down many of their laws until the 1960s. Written laws have subsequently accumulated in well-organized codes, but scholars have not previously researched them. Using written materials and interviews with tribal; Search Snippet: ...although tribal law must harmonize with federal legislation, including the Indian Child Welfare Act, [FN46] Headstart, and other education-oriented legislation. [FN47... 2008
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