AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Terms
Rachel Berresford Local Attorneys Establish Hispanic Bar Association 2 No. 2 Lawyers Journal 6 (January 28, 2000) A group of Pittsburgh attorneys has joined to form the Hispanic Bar Association of Western Pennsylvania, the first local professional legal association dedicated to the interests of Latino citizens. Anthony Sanchez, with the law firm of Maiella, Andrews & Price, has been elected president of the new association. Other officers include vice... 2000 Yes
  Nypd Latinos May March in Uniform 6 CITYLAW 17 (January/February, 2000) The Latino Officers Association is a group of hispanic police officers, which NYPD refused to officially recognize under its policy that it will only recognize one organization per ethnic group and the Hispanic Society had already be recognized. Official recognition bestows various privileges, including the authorization to march in parades in... 2000 Yes
Kevin R. Johnson Puerto Rico, Puerto Ricans, and Latcrit Theory: Commonalities and Differences Between Latina/o Experiences 6 Michigan Journal of Race and Law 107 (Fall 2000) I. The Latina/o Crisis of Citizenship: A Comparison of Puerto Ricans on the Island and Mexican Americans on the Mainland. 111 A. Chicana/o Citizenship. 114 B. Puerto Rican Citizenship. 116 C. The Need for Future Inquiry. 117 II. The Need for LatCrit Study of Puerto Rican Subordination in the Continental United States. 118 A. Differing Puerto Rican... 2000 Yes
Francisco Valdes Race, Ethnicity, and Hispanismo in a Triangular Perspective: the "Essential Latina/o" and Latcrit Theory 48 UCLA Law Review 305 (December, 2000) The central theme of this Article is the questionable character and consequences of Hispanismo, a racial and ethnic ideology that prevails among Latina/o communities worldwide and that is promoted directly by Spain despite its problematic nature. Hispanismo is problematic for at least two reasons: first, because it perpetuates colonial-era... 2000 Yes
Elvia R. Arriola Voices from the Barbed Wires of Despair: Women in the Maquiladoras, Latina Critical Legal Theory, and Gender at the U.s.-mexico Border 49 DePaul Law Review 729 (Spring 2000) I. Introduction. 731 II. La Frontera: The Legal, Political, and Historical Context of the U.S.-Mexico Border, INS Border Patrol, Drug Enforcement, and NAFTA. 741 A. A Brief History of the Border and the Attraction to El Norte. 742 B. Open or Closed? Contemporary Border Facts and Attitudes. 743 C. Migrants, Workers, Refugees and Border Cops in a... 2000 Yes
Ediberto Román Who Exactly Is Living La Vida Loca ?: the Legal and Political Consequences of Latino-latina Ethnic and Racial Stereotypes in Film and Other Media 4 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 37 (Fall 2000) I. The Latin Explosion II. Explosion or Exploitation? III. The Portrayals of Latinas and Latinos in Film IV. Stigma, Myths, and Stereotyping V. The Insidious and Pernicious Legal and Political Effects of Stereotyping A. The External Effects B. The Internal Effect VI. Solutions? Tearing Down the Veil of Ignorance by Telling Our Own Stories 2000 Yes
Mark Hansen Agenda for Action 85-JUL ABA Journal 74 (July, 1999) The Hispanic National Bar Association, which was founded as the California-based La Raza National Lawyers Association in 1972, today serves as the voice of more than 25,000 Hispanic-American lawyers, judges, professors and law students in the United States and Puerto Rico. The primary objectives of the Washington, D.C.-based association, according... 1999  
Michael Higgins Bordering on Softer Stance 85-JUL ABA Journal 71 (July, 1999) The past few years have not been easy times for immigrants to the United States. Two tough immigration laws passed in 1996the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, and the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Acthave lived up to some of the worst fears of immigrants and their advocates. Under that legal regime,... 1999  
  Cuban American Bar Association Marks 25th Year 73-APR Florida Bar Journal 97 (April, 1999) The Cuban American Bar Association (CABA) was established in Miami in 1974 by a group of 20 or so Cuban attorneys adapting in a different culture. They depended on each other as resources to function in a foreign legal community. Today the organization functions very similarly to other voluntary bars in Florida, but CABA is different. A bond exists... 1999  
Josh Price Difficult Maneuvers in Discourse Against Latina Immigrants in the United States 7 Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law 277 (Fall 1999) This essay attempts to counter the tendency to view violence against women as a homogeneous phenomenon. Seeing violence against women as homogeneous is inconsistent with perceiving the problems associated with battered immigrant women in the United States. Of course, all violence against women is not the same. Each instance has different reasons.... 1999 Yes
  El Trabajo Infantil En América Latina Posiciones, Respuestas Y Propuestas Del Movimiento De Los Trabajadores 33 Revista Juridica Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico 419 (Agosto, 1999) Se define el trabajo infantil como un trabajo regularmente realizado por niños y niñas de edad inferior a los 15 años, con algunas rarísimas excepciones (establecidas por la Convención 138 de OIT). En los peores ejemplos de explotación, las víctimas son niños y niñas de, apenas, cuatro o cinco años. En los casos más brutales de explotación de los... 1999 Yes
Philip S. Anderson Embracing Diversity, Examining the Justice System 85-JUL ABA Journal 70 (July, 1999) In this second in a series of special reports focusing on the challenges of race and the law, the aba Journal, in collaboration with the Hispanic National Bar Association, looks at issues facing the Hispanic population of the United States in the context of our justice system. In our desire for simplicity, it is all too easy to view Hispanics as a... 1999  
Siegfried Wiessner Esa India! Latcrit Theory and the Place of Indigenous Peoples Within Latina/o Communities 53 University of Miami Law Review 831 (July, 1999) LatCrit, as I understand it, stands in a great tradition. With American Legal Realism, it shares the focus on the empirical rather than the normative. Transcending, however, the Realist emphasis on analysis, and harnessing the sensitivities of the outsider, the LatCrit movement has formed around a powerful policy objective: the goal of overcoming... 1999 Yes
Roberto L. Corrada Familiar Connections: a Personal Re/view of Latino/a Identity, Gender, and Class Issues in the Context of the Labor Dispute Between Sprint and La Conexion Familiar 53 University of Miami Law Review 1065 (July, 1999) [S]ometimes the governing paradigms which have structured all of our lives are so powerful that we can think we are doing progressive work, dismantling the structures of racism and other oppressions, when in fact we are reinforcing the paradigms. These paradigms are so powerful that sometimes we find ourselves unable to talk at all, even or... 1999 Yes
Jason E. Prince Hispanic Commission Seeks to Assist Idaho's Legal Community 42-NOV Advocate 17 (November, 1999) Seemingly overnight, the United States' Hispanic community has burst into the national spotlight. Presidential candidates have begun courting Latino voters by incorporating Spanish sound bites into their campaigns. Hispanic cultural icons such as singers Ricky Martin and Shakira, author Junot Díaz, and boxer Oscar De La Hoya have recently graced... 1999 Yes
  Interview with Ingrid Duran, Executive Director of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute 4 Georgetown Public Policy Review 124 (Spring, 1999) The spring issue of The Georgetown Public Policy Review is focusing on the question of race relations, both in this country and abroad. Given your personal and professional history, what do the words race relations mean to you? Race relations is the ability to build coalitions across different communities, whether it be black/brown,... 1999 Yes
Roberto Aponte Toro La Integración En América Latina Y El Caribe 68 Revista Juridica Universidad de Puerto Rico 119 (1999) En el mes de marzo de 1998, fui invitado por la Facultad de Derecho y Economía Internacional de la Universidad de Barcelona, a dictar un ciclo de cuatro conferencias en esa institución. Los temas eran bastante amplios. Los mismos comprendieron desde las relaciones Estados Unidos-Unión Europea, el Proceso de Integración en América Latina y el... 1999 Yes
Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol Latina Multidimensionality and Latcrit Possibilities: Culture, Gender, and Sex 53 University of Miami Law Review 811 (July, 1999) This essay explores the multiple margins that Latinas inhabit both within majority society and their comunidad Latina because of their compounded outsider status in all their possible communities. Exploring the concept and theme of Between/Beyond Colors: Outsiders Within Latina/o Communities elucidates both the challenges and the possibilities... 1999 Yes
  Latino Cops Okay'd to Parade 5 CITYLAW 92 (July/August, 1999) NYPD officially recognizes 25 internal organizations. One of the benefits of official recognition is the privilege to march in uniform in parades behind the organization's own banner. The Latino Officers Association (LOA) is a fraternal organization of more than one thousand Hispanic police officers founded in 1996. NYPD denied recognition to LOA... 1999 Yes
George A. Martínez Latinos, Assimilation and the Law: a Philosophical Perspective 20 Chicano-Latino Law Review 1 (Spring 1999) In the popular television program called Star Trek, there is an extremely dangerous group of aliens known as the Borg. They are part robot and part human. They have lost all individuality and are totally assimilated into the group, very much like insects. Their greeting to all other life forms is greatly feared: We are the Borg. Resistance is... 1999 Yes
Deborah Escobedo Propositions 187 and 227: Latino Immigrant Rights to Education 26-SUM Human Rights 13 (Summer, 1999) It is hard to believe that the United States, a country that once welcomed immigrants with open arms, could conceivably be attempting to infringe the basic human rights of many of the immigrants who now call our country home. But that is exactly what is happening in several states that have enacted or are in the process of enacting legislation that... 1999 Yes
  Remarks of Fcc Commissioner Gloria Tristani Before the Hispanic National Bar Association October 1, 1998 20 Chicano-Latino Law Review 37 (Spring 1999) Thank you very much. It's a pleasure to be with you this evening in my beautiful home state of New Mexico. Since we're in the middle of Hispanic Heritage Month, I thought this might be a good time to take stock of where we are as a community and where we need to go. I wanted to share with you some of the things I've learned as an FCC Commissioner,... 1999 Yes
David G. Savage Short List for the High Court 85-JUL ABA Journal 32 (July, 1999) For a decade, both Republican and Democratic presidents have considered Hispanic candidates for vacancies on the Supreme Court. So far, however, the results have been frustrating for Hispanic activists. Although one in nine Americans is of Latino heritage, no Hispanic has ever been nominated to the highest court. It is time, really past time, for... 1999  
Laura M. Padilla Social and Legal Repercussions of Latinos' Colonized Mentality 53 University of Miami Law Review 769 (July, 1999) Internalized oppression is the turning upon ourselves, our families and our people the distressed patterns of behavior that result from the racism and oppression of the minority society. Internalized racism is directed more specifically at one's racial or ethnic group. Internalized oppression and racism are insidious forces that cause marginalized... 1999 Yes
Shai A. Littlejohn Sometimes There Is No Other Side: Chicanos and the Myth of Equality by Rodolfo F. Acuna 42 Howard Law Journal 605 (Spring 1999) The title of the book, Sometimes There Is No Other Side: Chicanos and the Myth of Equality was inspired by journalist Edward R. Murrow. When governments and media of the world ignored reports about concentration camps in the Holocaust, Murrow wrote about the events extensively. The United States government warned him that his stories had not been... 1999  
Lillian G. Apodaca Striving for Equal Justice 85-JUL ABA Journal 75 (July, 1999) A recent survey by the National Center for State Courts included findings that Hispanics, as a group, have a great deal of confidence in our system of justice. This may be surprising to most people. It probably was not surprising to Hispanics. Why? Hispanics are, for the most part, conservative. Hispanics are also extremely self-reliant and... 1999  
Jay P. Greene, Joseph Giammo, Nicole Mellow , University of Texas at Austin The Effect of Private Education on Political Participation, Social Capital and Tolerance: an Examination of the Latino National Political Survey 5 Georgetown Public Policy Review 53 (Fall, 1999) Considerable research exists to demonstrate that the amount of education that people receive is strongly related to the political attitudes and behaviors they display. People with more years of formal education tend to be more politically active, possess higher levels of social capital and demonstrate greater levels of tolerance. Little empirical... 1999 Yes
Laura L. Castro The Future Is Now 85-JUL ABA Journal 72 (July, 1999) As he prepares to enter the ucla School of Law in the fall, Aldo Flores is already in debt, but it's not the kind he'll be able to pay back in dollars. Flores, the eldest son of Mexican immigrants, feels indebted to a new outreach program at the school for teaching him the hidden curriculum of success. He is among the first 20 students from... 1999  
Christopher David Ruiz Cameron The Labyrinth of Solidarity: Why the Future of the American Labor Movement Depends on Latino Workers 53 University of Miami Law Review 1089 (July, 1999) Modern man never surrenders himself to what he is doing. A part of him--the profoundest part--always remains detached and alert. -- Octavio Paz When a strike by 185,000 sorters, loaders, and drivers shut down the nationwide operations of United Parcel Service during the summer of 1997, I received inquiries from a number of news organizations whose... 1999 Yes
Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol The Latindia and Mestizajes : of Cultures, Conquests, and Latcritical Feminism 3 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 63 (Fall 1999) Who is your mother? is an important question. . . . Failure to know your mother, that is, your position and its attendant traditions, history, and place in the scheme of things, is failure to remember your significance, your reality, your right relationship to earth and society. It is the same as being lost . . . . La historia del pueblo cubano,... 1999 Yes
Jessica R. Dominguez The Role of Latino Culture in Mediation of Family Disputes 1 Journal of Legal Advocacy and Practice 154 (1999) Rita, a thirty-two year old Latina, has been married for ten years and has three daughters. Presently the children are living with their father. Rita resides in California and is represented by counsel. As mandated by state law, Rita attended a mediation session to determine custody and visitation arrangements. She left the session frustrated,... 1999 Yes
Heriberto Godina The Violation of Mexican American Students' Educational Rights: a Midwestern Ethnography 2 Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 387 (Spring 1999) The purpose of this paper is to discuss discontinuities that Mexican American students encountered in their attempts to participate in high school instruction. This paper draws on findings from my ethnographic study that identified literacy practices across home-school community settings for Mexican American high school students. This paper seeks... 1999  
Ina M. Minjarez Unraveling the Cloth That Binds Latina Garment Workers in Texas: a Critical Analysis of the Texas Pay Day Act 1 Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Minority Issues 207 (Spring 1999) I. Introduction. 208 II. Garment Industry Plant Closings in Texas. 210 III. Latina Grass-Roots Labor Organizations. 216 IV. Texas-Based Latina Labor Organizations. 218 A. Fuerza Unida. 218 B. La Mujer Obrera. 221 V. Seeking Legal Recourse. 227 VI. Back Wages. 230 VII. Texas Pay Day Act. 236 VIII. Texas Pay Day Act Wage Claims. 237 IX. Ineffective... 1999 Yes
Julie Amparano Waiting to Celebrate 85-JUL ABA Journal 68 (July, 1999) The incident was just a minor brush with the law nearly 30 years ago, but it sticks in the mind of Richard Ramos, an engineer who lives in Los Angeles. Ramos was 14 and had just attended his first Lakers basketball game with five friends. While waiting for their parents to pick them up after the game, the boys began horsing around, kicking bottles... 1999  
George A. Martínez African-americans, Latinos, and the Construction of Race: Toward an Epistemic Coalition 19 Chicano-Latino Law Review 213 (Spring 1998) Latinos will soon become the largest minority group in the United States. African-Americans may therefore be about to give up political clout to Latinos. This prospect has generated tension between African-Americans and Latinos. Given this background, it is important for Critical Race Theory and Latino Critical Theory to consider the matter of the... 1998 Yes
Leslie Espinoza , Angela P. Harris Afterword: Embracing the Tar-baby--latcrit Theory and the Sticky Mess of Race 10 La Raza Law Journal 499 (Spring 1998) In this Afterword, Leslie Espinoza and Angela Harris identify some of the submerged themes of this Symposium and reflect on LatCrit theory more generally. Professor Harris argues that LatCrit theory reveals tensions between scholars wishing to transcend the black-white paradigm and proponents of black exceptionalism. Professor Espinoza argues... 1998 Yes
Anthony Paul Farley All Flesh Shall See it Together 19 Chicano-Latino Law Review 163 (Spring 1998) I have a dream today! I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together. -- Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. I am not certain what to... 1998  
Aida Hurtado , Craig Haney , Eugene E. Garcia Becoming the Mainstream: Merit, Changing Demographics, and Higher Education in California 10 La Raza Law Journal 645 (Fall, 1998) In this essay, we discuss the nature of what one commentator has termed savage inequalities in educational opportunity that separate minority students from the rest of the population in the United States. Notwithstanding the political importance of widespread liberal education to the integrity of the democratic process, there are pressing... 1998  
Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol Building Bridges Iii--personal Narratives, Incoherent Paradigms, and Plural Citizens 19 Chicano-Latino Law Review 303 (Spring 1998) Because we never had a chance to talk, to teach each other and learn from each other, racism had diminished all the lives it touched. . . . Our young must be taught that racial peculiarities do exist, but that beneath the skin, beyond the differing features and into the true heart of being, fundamentally, we are more alike, my friend, than unalike.... 1998  
Robert S. Chang , Keith Aoki Centering the Immigrant in the Inter/national Imagination 10 La Raza Law Journal 309 (Spring 1998) In this Article, Professors Chang and Aoki examine the relationship between the immigrant and the nation in the complicated racial terrain known as the United States. Special attention is paid to the border which contains and configures the local, the national and the international. They criticize the contradictory impulse that has led to borders... 1998  
Laura E. Gómez Constructing Latina/o Identities 19 Chicano-Latino Law Review 187 (Spring 1998) This section draws together seven selections that focus on issues of identity and group membership as related to the LatCrit enterprise. Because LatCrit is a fledging intellectual project, they are important in helping demarcate the boundaries of this field, which seeks to center Latinos in studies of the law's impact and to draw linkages to... 1998 Yes
Jennifer M. Russell Constructing Latinoness: Ruminations on Reading Los Confundidos 19 Chicano-Latino Law Review 177 (Spring 1998) Latino. What does the term mean? To whom does it apply? And under what circumstances? I once tried to communicate its meaning to my six year old. We were in the car driving somewhere when he announced that Angel, one of his best buddies, was white. His declaration startled me the way all his prior articulated observations about race had... 1998 Yes
Pat K. Chew Constructing Our Selves/our Families: Comments on Latcrit Theory 19 Chicano-Latino Law Review 297 (Spring 1998) Our focus on this panel is how we construct ourselves. One ostensible way to construct ourselves is to identify the different social roles we assume--as teacher, lawyer, mother, Asian-American. Yet these roles only begin to capture our identities; how we personally interpret and perceive these roles informs us further. In our role as teachers, for... 1998 Yes
Daria Roithmayr Deconstructing the Distinction Between Bias and Merit 10 La Raza Law Journal 363 (Spring 1998) In this article Professor Roithmayr attempts to develop in the context of law school admissions a theoretical argument from deconstruction to support the radical critique of merit. The radical critique, espoused primarily by Critical Race Theorists and radical feminists, argues that merit standards disproportionately exclude white women and people... 1998  
Gretchen Zegarra Educando a La Familia Latina: Ideas for Making Parent Education Programs Accessible to the Latino Community 36 Family and Conciliation Courts Review 281 (April, 1998) This article addresses the issue of parent education programs and how they are currently unsuitable for the Latino community. It will discuss the current trend in existing programs, as well as problems that might arise in trying to serve a Latino clientele. In particular, this article looks at the Parents Apart program currently used in... 1998 Yes
Enid Martínez Moya El Derecho Sucesorio Puertorriqueńo 67 Revista Juridica Universidad de Puerto Rico 1 (1998) C1-3Índice de Materias I. Introducción. 3 II. Sucesión Intestada. 4 A. Líneas, Grados y Órdenes. 4 B. La Representación. 8 III. Clasificación de los Llamados a una Herencia: Legitimarios, Herederos Legales, Herederos Voluntarios, Herederos y Legatarios. 13 IV. Herederos Forzosos o Legitimarios: la Protección de la Legítima. 18 A. Descendientes. 18... 1998  
Ralph C. Carmona Foreword 10 La Raza Law Journal 601 (Fall, 1998) The issue of affirmative action represents an attempt to accommodate the diversity that is fundamental to the nature of this nation. In a world plagued by ethnic conflict, this most diverse nation has avoided what The Economist characterizes as the virus of (ethnic) tribalism. America, as a nation of immigrants and native Americans, has avoided... 1998  
Christopher David Ruiz Cameron How the García Cousins Lost Their Accents: Understanding the Language of Title Vii Decisions Approving English-only Rules as the Product of Racial Dualism, Latino Invisibility, and Legal Indeterminacy 10 La Raza Law Journal 261 (Spring 1998) Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlaws discrimination in employment based on, among other things, national origin. The adoption by employers of policies requiring employees to speak only English in the workplace would appear to constitute national origin discrimination against bilingual Latinos, whose Spanish-speaking ability is central... 1998 Yes
Kevin R. Johnson Immigration and Latino Identity 19 Chicano-Latino Law Review 197 (Spring 1998) The racial identity of people of color, including Latinas and Latinos, must be viewed from at least two vantage-points. First, we must consider identity formation at the individual level, namely how a person engages in the difficult process of constructing his or her personal identity. Second, as critical Latino theory has begun to do for Latinos,... 1998 Yes
Veronica D. Briseño In Recognition of Representative Irma L. Rangel: Legislator and Role Model 4 Texas Hispanic Journal of Law and Policy 1 (Spring 1998) Each issue of the Journal features a Hispanic whose professional achievements, exemplary conduct, or contributions to the Hispanic community are noteworthy. Our purpose is to identify Hispanic role models for minority law students and inspire other members of the legal community to continue the work that these individuals have begun. With our... 1998  
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