AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Terms
Besiki Luka Kutateladze, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Florida International University HATE CRIME VICTIMIZATION AND REPORTING WITHIN MIAMI'S QUEER LATINE IMMIGRANT POPULATION 46 Law and Human Behavior 429 (December, 2022) Objectives: This research examined hate crime victimization and crime reporting among Miami's lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) Latine immigrant population. Hypotheses: Informed by the intersectionality perspective and the Cuban dominance thesis, I predicted that respondents would experience higher levels of victimization than... 2022 yes
Heather K. Way, Ruthie Goldstein HEIR PROPERTY OWNERS AND FEDERAL DISASTER AID PROGRAMS: OPPORTUNITIES FOR A MORE EQUITABLE RECOVERY WHEN DISASTER STRIKES 30 Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law 467 (2022) When hurricanes and other natural disasters strike the United States, Black and Latinx communities face a range of systemic inequities, from greater exposure to flooding to heightened barriers to rebuilding. In this latter regard, thousands of Black and Latinx disaster survivors living on inherited property, also known as heir property, have... 2022 yes
Roxy W. Davis, Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz HOMELESSNESS AND PRETRIAL DETENTION PREDICT UNFAVORABLE OUTCOMES IN THE PLEA BARGAINING PROCESS 46 Law and Human Behavior 201 (June, 2022) Objectives: The present research examined homelessness, race/ethnicity, and pretrial detention in the plea bargaining process. Hypotheses: We predicted that homelessness, Hispanic ethnicity, and pretrial detention would be positively associated with unfavorable plea bargaining outcomes. Method: We coded defendant characteristics and plea bargaining... 2022 yes
Martyna Sawicka HOW FAR WE HAVE NOT COME: AN EMPIRICAL COMPARISON OF FEDERAL AND STATE MENTAL HEALTH LEGISLATION 64 Arizona Law Review 571 (Summer, 2022) This Note provides an overview of significant changes in mental health law from the nineteenth century onward and analyzes whether federal or state legal interventions create any discernible change in subjective mental health using difference-indifferences analysis. Further, this Note examines trends in the use of community-based mental health... 2022  
Magdalene Mannebach I AM ONCE AGAIN ASKING FOR FEDERAL STUDENT LOAN DEBT REFORM: A DISCUSSION ON FEDERAL STUDENT LOAN DEBT AND ITS NEGATIVE EFFECTS ON THE RACE WEALTH GAP 90 UMKC Law Review 909 (Summer, 2022) Student loan debt--whether someone has it, has had it, or is likely to accrue it in the future, it is a financial burden familiar to millions. The office of Federal Student Aid reported that as of August 2021, more than 42.9 million Americans combined for an outstanding Federal Loan Portfolio of $1.56 trillion. Among the millions of borrowers with... 2022 yes
Addie C. Rolnick INDIGENOUS SUBJECTS 131 Yale Law Journal 2652 (June, 2022) This Article tells the story of how race jurisprudence has become the most intractable threat to Indigenous rights--and to collective rights more broadly. It examines legal challenges to Indigenous self-determination and land rights in the U.S. territories. It is one of a handful of articles to address these cases and the only one to do so through... 2022  
Phyllis C. Taite INEQUALITY BY UNNATURAL SELECTION: THE IMPACT OF TAX CODE BIAS ON THE RACIAL WEALTH GAP 110 Kentucky Law Journal 639 (2021-2022) Table of Contents. 639 Introduction. 640 I. Social Darwinism. 641 II. Real Estate Investment Trusts and Mass Incarceration. 643 A. What Is a Real Estate Investment Trust?. 643 B. What Is the Relationship Between Mass Incarceration and Tax Policy?. 646 i. The Rise of Private Prisons and Detention Centers. 646 ii. Show Me the Money!. 648 C. The... 2022  
Artika Tyner , Tisidra Jones INSPIRING AND EQUIPPING THE NEXT GENERATION OF LAWYER-LEADERS: CENTER ON RACE, LEADERSHIP, AND SOCIAL JUSTICE 17 University of Saint Thomas Law Journal 1079 (Spring, 2022) Addressing the most pressing social justice challenges of the 21st Century will require an exercise of leadership. This type of leadership is not about position, title, or the designation of power. Instead, the leadership needed today now more than ever focuses on leveraging one's technical training, interdisciplinary practice, and community... 2022  
Palma Joy Strand, Nicholas A. Mirkay INTEREST CONVERGENCE AND THE RACIAL WEALTH GAP: DEFUSING RACISM'S DIVIDE-AND-CONQUER VIA UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME 110 Kentucky Law Journal 693 (2021-2022) Table of Contents. 693 Introduction. 694 I. Today's Economic Status Quo: Endorsement of Exploitation and Enrichment. 696 A. Rising Economic Inequality and the Tax System. 696 B. Systemic Shifts in Economic Policy and Rising Economic Inequality. 697 C. Racialized Law and Policies and Rising Economic Inequality. 700 II. Closing the Racial Wealth Gap:... 2022  
  INTERVIEW WITH DAVID IGLESIAS 25 Harvard Latin American Law Review 5 (Spring, 2022) David Iglesias has a legal career of over 35 years, which has been exceptionally diverse and global. He has been a U.S. Attorney, U.S. Navy JAG Officer, White House Fellow, college professor, political economy think tank director, state prosecutor, military war crimes/terrorism prosecutor and spokesman, rule of law instructor in Latin America,... 2022 yes
Mikaela A. Phillips JUST CAUSE, NOT JUST BECAUSE: A PRO-WORKER REFORM FOR THE EMPLOYMENT LANDSCAPE 170 University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online 90 (2022) The at-will doctrine permits employers to terminate employees at any time for any reason--or no reason at all--so long as it is not an illegal one. This creates a significant power imbalance between employers and employees, chills employee speech regarding unsafe or unlawful workplace conduct, and leaves employees vulnerable to arbitrary and unjust... 2022  
Kat Albrecht, Maria Hawilo, Thomas F. Geraghty, Meredith Martin Rountree JUSTICE DELAYED: THE COMPLEX SYSTEM OF DELAYS IN CRIMINAL COURT 53 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 747 (Summer, 2022) While federal and state constitutions and statutes guarantee criminal defendants a speedy trial, in practice these rights are exceedingly difficult to enforce. Felony criminal cases can be tied up in court for years. Defendants and victims return to court repeatedly, but progress in resolving their cases is slow. This Article uses unique data from... 2022  
Emily Buss KIDS ARE NOT SO DIFFERENT: THE PATH FROM JUVENILE EXCEPTIONALISM TO PRISON ABOLITION 89 University of Chicago Law Review 843 (June, 2022) Inspired by the Supreme Court's embrace of developmental science in a series of Eighth Amendment cases, kids are different has become the rallying cry, leading to dramatic reforms in our response to juvenile crime designed to eliminate the incarceration of children and support their successful transition to adulthood. The success of these reforms... 2022  
Luz E. Herrera , Pilar Margarita HernĂ¡ndez, EscontrĂ­as, Ph.D. LATINXS RESHAPING LAW & POLICY IN THE U.S. SOUTH 31 Southern California Review of Law & Social Justice 1 (Winter, 2022) This article addresses the key law and policy levers affecting Latinxs in what the U.S. Census Bureau designates as the South. Since the rise of the Latinx population from the 1980s onward, few legal scholars and researchers have participated in a sustained dialogue about how law and policy affects Latinxs living in the South. In response to this... 2022 yes
Frank W. Munger, Carroll Seron LAW AND THE PERSISTENCE OF RACIAL INEQUALITY IN AMERICA 66 New York Law School Law Review 175 (2021/2022) EDITOR'S NOTE: This article was adapted from Frank W. Munger & Carroll Seron, Race, Law, and Inequality, Fifty Years After the Civil Rights Era, 13 Ann. Rev. L. & Soc. Sci. 331 (2017). In 2020, America was once again required to confront its legacy of racial inequality. Widely viewed videos of police violence against Black Americans, a resurgent... 2022  
Laila L. Hlass LAWYERING FROM A DEPORTATION ABOLITION ETHIC 110 California Law Review 1597 (October, 2022) This Article contributes to the emerging literature on abolition within the immigration legal system by mapping deportation abolition theory onto lawyering practice. Deportation abolitionists work to end immigrant detention, enforcement, and deportation, explicitly understanding immigrant justice as part of a larger racial justice fight connected... 2022  
Caitlyn Haitaian , Gary Marchant LEGAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE HUMAN MICROBIOME 28 Boston University Journal of Science and Technology Law 39 (Winter, 2022) The human microbiome is rapidly emerging as a major factor in human disease and wellness, as the microbes in or on our bodies are central to our health, informing medical decisions relating to disease risk, prognosis, diagnosis, treatment, and preventative measures. With the rapid growth of microbial science and medicine, a number of novel legal... 2022 yes
Michael Conklin LEGALITY OF EXPLICIT RACIAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF LIFESAVING COVID-19 TREATMENTS 19 Indiana Health Law Review 315 (2022) In 2021, the Federal Drug Administration released a statement advocating for race and ethnicity to be used in rationing lifesaving COVID-19 treatments. By January 2022, three states had implemented policies explicitly prioritizing treatments based on race, which resulted in multiple legal challenges. This Article analyzes the uphill battle such... 2022  
Daniel S. Harawa LEMONADE: A RACIAL JUSTICE REFRAMING OF THE ROBERTS COURT'S CRIMINAL JURISPRUDENCE 110 California Law Review 681 (June, 2022) The saying goes, when life gives you lemons, make lemonade. When it comes to the Supreme Court's criminal jurisprudence and its relationship to racial (in)equity, progressive scholars often focus on the tartness of the lemons. In particular, they have studied how the Court often ignores race in its criminal decisions, a move that in turn reifies a... 2022  
Erin E. Meyers MASS CRIMINALIZATION AND RACIAL DISPARITIES IN CONVICTION RATES 73 Hastings Law Journal 1099 (May, 2022) A staggering number of Americans experience criminal justice contact each year, ranging from arrest to long-term incarceration. One 2014 Wall Street Journal report estimated that approximately one in three Americans are represented in the FBI's master criminal database. Many scholars and commentators have questioned the desirability of mass... 2022  
Phoebe Jean-Pierre MEDICAL ERROR AND VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES 102 Boston University Law Review 327 (February, 2022) More than two decades have passed since the influential report from the Institute of Medicine, To Err Is Human. Despite the report's spotlight on medical error, the issue persists and is presently the third leading cause of death in the United States. Aside from the physical, emotional, and mental harm to patients and their families, medical error... 2022  
Daniel G. Orenstein MULTIUNIT HOUSING AND CANNABIS: GOOD LAWS MAKE GOOD NEIGHBORS 49 Fordham Urban Law Journal 475 (March, 2022) Introduction. 475 I. Smoking and Its Public Health Impacts. 480 A. Combustible Tobacco and Cannabis Products. 480 B. Noncombustible, Aerosol-Producing Products. 484 II. Multiunit Housing Context. 487 A. Multiunit Housing and Implications for Equity. 487 B. Law and Policy Context. 491 III. Unique Considerations for Cannabis. 495 A. General... 2022  
Gus Ipsen NEW YORK'S SCHOOL SEGREGATION CRISIS: OPEN THE COURT DOORS NOW 87 Brooklyn Law Review 1045 (Spring, 2022) In the eyes of some, New York State is a progressive bastion. And yet--home to 2.6 million public school students --New York State has the most segregated school system of any state in the nation. This problem is not abating either. Statewide, since 2010, the rate of attendance in segregated schools for Black and Latino students has increased. In... 2022 yes
Jeffrey Fagan NO RUNS, FEW HITS, AND MANY ERRORS: STREET STOPS, BIAS, AND PROACTIVE POLICING 68 UCLA Law Review 1584 (February, 2022) Equilibrium models of racial discrimination in law enforcement encounters suggest that in the absence of racial discrimination, the proportion of searches yielding evidence of illegal activity (the hit rate) will be equal across races. Searches that disproportionately target one racial group, resulting in a relatively low hit rate, are inefficient... 2022  
Simone Lieban Levine NOT A GIRL, NOT YET A WOMAN: THE LEGAL LIMBO OF BEING A PARENT BEFORE BECOMING AN ADULT 37 Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice 75 (2022) Introduction. 76 I. The Reality of Underage Pregnancy. 80 A. Babies Having Babies: Blame, Shame, and Social Policy. 81 B. Putting It in Perspective: Statistics Related to Young Parenthood. 83 1. Social Outcomes for Young Parents and Their Children. 84 2. Birth Rates According to Age and Race. 85 3. Young Parenthood and Medical Care, Poverty, and... 2022  
Joseph D. G. Castro NOT WHITE ENOUGH, NOT BLACK ENOUGH: REIMAGINING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION JURISPRUDENCE IN LAW SCHOOL ADMISSIONS THROUGH A FILIPINO-AMERICAN PARADIGM 49 Pepperdine Law Review 195 (January, 2022) Writing the majority opinion upholding the use of racial preferences in law school admissions in 2003, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor anticipated that racial preferences would no longer be necessary in twenty-five years. On the contrary, 2021 has seen the astronomic rise of critical race theory, the popularity of race-driven diversity initiatives in... 2022  
Jasper L. Tran OF VACCINE AND HESITANCY 77 Food & Drug Law Journal 176 (2022) Vaccinated individuals--like Tolstoy's happy families--are all alike; each unvaccinated individual is hesitant for her own reason. Irrational and unreasonable conspiracy theories about COVID-19 and its vaccine abound among the anti-vaxxers. Contrary to popular belief, however, conspiracy theories are not the main driver of vaccine hesitancy.... 2022  
Ronald J. Krotoszynski, Jr. ON THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST: CONTRASTING THE DANGERS OF MAKEWEIGHTS WITH THE VIRTUES OF JUDICIAL CANDOR IN CONSTITUTIONAL ADJUDICATION 74 Alabama Law Review 243 (2022) Introduction: The Problem of Constitutional Verisimilitude. 245 I. Federal Judges Lack a Democratic Imprimatur and Giving Insincere ReasonsWill Fatally Undermine the Public's Confidence in TheirWork. 247 II. Three Salient Examples of Constitutional Makeweights: Stare Decisis, the Chevron Doctrine, and Strict Scrutiny Review of Affirmative Action... 2022  
Erin Boggs OPEN COMMUNITIES ALLIANCE: CONFRONTING SEGREGATION AND ITS IMPACT IN CONNECTICUT 31 Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law 25 (2022) The killing of George Floyd in May of 2020 sparked a long-needed racial consciousness awakening across the United States with people of all races filling the streets in cities, suburbs, and rural areas in protest. This energy has been channeled into heightened Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion efforts at corporations and foundations, calls to... 2022  
Toni M. Massaro , Justin R. Pidot , Marvin J. Slepian PANDEMICS AND THE CONSTITUTION 2022 University of Illinois Law Review 229 (2022) The COVID-19 pandemic unleashed a torrent of legal and political commentary, and rightly so: the virus touches every corner of life and implicates many areas of law. In response to the virus, governments, civic institutions, and businesses struggled to protect public health, respect individual autonomy, and enable Americans to satisfy their... 2022  
Solangel Maldonado PARENTAL SOCIAL CAPITAL AND EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY 90 Fordham Law Review 2599 (May, 2022) Introduction. 2599 I. Educational Segregation and Its Harms. 2603 A. The Achievement Gap. 2607 B. Educational and Social Capital. 2611 II. Supporting Parents. 2616 Conclusion. 2619 2022  
Amy F. Kimpel PAYING FOR A CLEAN RECORD 112 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 439 (Summer, 2022) Prosecutors and courts often charge a premium for the ability to avoid or erase a criminal conviction. Defendants with means, who tend to be predominantly White, can often pay for a clean record. But the indigent who are unable to pay, and are disproportionately Black and Brown, are saddled with the stigma of a criminal record. Diversion and... 2022  
Sean Kolkey PEOPLE OVER PROFIT: THE CASE FOR ABOLISHING THE PRISON FINANCIAL SYSTEM 110 California Law Review 257 (February, 2022) The term mass incarceration is used to describe a crisis that, to many, is both abstract and distant. But for Black, Latinx, Indigenous, low-income, and other communities whose lives are disproportionately affected by the criminal legal system, the reality of carceral exploitation is as unavoidable as it is harmful. Incarceration has always had... 2022 yes
Griffin Edwards , Stephen Rushin POLICE VEHICLE SEARCHES AND RACIAL PROFILING: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY 91 Fordham Law Review 1 (October, 2022) In 1981, the U.S. Supreme Court held in New York v. Belton that police officers could lawfully search virtually anywhere in a vehicle without a warrant after the arrest of any occupant in the vehicle. Then, in 2009, the Court reversed course in Arizona v. Gant, holding that police could only engage in vehicle searches after such arrests in a... 2022  
Maya Chaudhuri POLICING THE BODY POLITIC 69 UCLA Law Review 318 (March, 2022) This Comment focuses on the convergence of racialized policing and voter suppression of communities of color. While much attention has been given to the disenfranchisement of people upon felony conviction, there has been little attention paid to the policing and subsequent prosecution of people-- disproportionately Black and Latinx--for voting or... 2022 yes
Eisha Jain POLICING THE POLITY 131 Yale Law Journal 1794 (April, 2022) The era of Chinese Exclusion left a legacy of race-based deportation. Yet it also had an impact that reached well beyond removal. In a seminal decision, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a law that required people of Chinese descent living in the United States to display a certificate of residence on demand or risk arrest, detention, and possible... 2022  
Pamela Foohey, Robert M. Lawless, Deborah Thorne PORTRAITS OF BANKRUPTCY FILERS 56 Georgia Law Review 573 (Spring, 2022) One in ten adult Americans has turned to the consumer bankruptcy system for help. For almost forty years, the only systematic data collection about the people who file bankruptcy has come from the Consumer Bankruptcy Project (CBP), for which we serve as co-principal investigators. In this Article, we use CBP data from 2013 to 2019 to describe who... 2022  
Miguel F.P. de Figueiredo , Dane Thorley PRETRIAL DISPARITY AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF MONEY BAIL 81 Maryland Law Review 557 (2022) Catalyzed by the Black Lives Matter protests in 2020, support for criminal justice reform in the United States has become a groundswell, with reformers demanding an end to racial and socioeconomic disparities in all aspects of policing, prosecution, adjudication, and incarceration. While high-profile cases of police misconduct during arrest remain... 2022  
Nooreen Reza PROBLEMATIZING LOW-LEVEL POLICING'S RELATIONSHIP WITH RACIALIZED GENTRIFICATION 29 Virginia Journal of Social Policy and the Law 68 (Winter, 2022) Introduction. 69 I. A Primer on Gentrification and Displacement. 71 II. The Empirical Links Between Order Maintenance Policing and Gentrification. 73 A. Development-Directed Policing. 73 B. Neighbor-Driven Policing. 78 III. The Racially Unjust Impacts of Gentrification-Induced Policing. 80 A. Crime Free Housing Laws. 80 B. Community Degradation... 2022  
  PROSECUTORIAL DISCRETION 51 Georgetown Law Journal Annual Review of Criminal Procedure 269 (2022) The government has broad discretion to initiate and conduct criminal prosecutions because of the separation of powers doctrine and because prosecutorial decisions are particularly ill-suited to judicial review. As long as there is probable cause to believe that the accused has committed an offense, the decision to prosecute is within the... 2022  
Evan M. Lowder, Chelsea M. A. Foudray, Madeline McPherson, Department of Criminology, Law and Society, George Mason University PROXY ASSESSMENTS AND EARLY PRETRIAL RELEASE: EFFECTS ON CRIMINAL CASE AND RECIDIVISM OUTCOMES 28 Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 374 (August, 2022) Despite growing evidence on the harmful effects of pretrial detention on individuals' criminal case processing and community integration, there has been limited empirical investigation of strategies to facilitate early release from detention. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine the effects of risk assessment-informed early release... 2022  
The Task Force 2.0 Research Working Group RACE AND WASHINGTON'S CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: 2021 REPORT TO THE WASHINGTON SUPREME COURT 45 Seattle University Law Review 969 (Spring, 2022) As Editors-in-Chief of the Washington Law Review, Gonzaga Law Review, and Seattle University Law Review, we represent the flagship legal academic publications of each law school in Washington State. Our publications last joined together to publish the findings of the first Task Force on Race and the Criminal Justice System in 2011/12. A decade... 2022  
The Task Force 2.0 Research Working Group RACE AND WASHINGTON'S CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: 2021 REPORT TO THE WASHINGTON SUPREME COURT 57 Gonzaga Law Review 119 (2021/2022) C1-2Table of Contents Message from the Task Force Co-Chairs. 121 Participating Organizations and Institutions. 123 Acknowledgments. 125 Definitions. 129 Executive Summary. 134 I. Introduction. 139 II. Capsule Summary of 2011 Findings and Some Key Developments Since Then. 140 A. Capsule Summary of 2011 Findings. 140 B. Some Key Court Developments... 2022  
The Task Force 2.0 Research Working Group RACE AND WASHINGTON'S CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: 2021 REPORT TO THE WASHINGTON SUPREME COURT 97 Washington Law Review 1 (March, 2022) As Editors-in-Chief of the Washington Law Review, Gonzaga Law Review, and Seattle University Law Review, we represent the flagship legal academic publications of each law school in Washington State. Our publications last joined together to publish the findings of the first Task Force on Race and the Criminal Justice System in 2011/12. A decade... 2022  
The Task Force 2.0 Juvenile Justice Subcommittee RACE IN WASHINGTON'S JUVENILE LEGAL SYSTEM: 2021 REPORT TO THE WASHINGTON SUPREME COURT 57 Gonzaga Law Review 636 (2021/2022) C1-2Table of Contents Message from the Juvenile Justice Subcommittee. 638 Participating Organizations and Institutions. 640 Acknowledgments and Note on Process. 641 Definitions. 644 Executive Summary. 649 I. Youth-Centered Blueprint for Change. 654 II. The Overrepresentation of Youth of Color in the Juvenile Legal System Persists. 662 III. How Did... 2022  
Bethany R. Berger RACE TO PROPERTY: RACIAL DISTORTIONS OF PROPERTY LAW, 1634 TO TODAY 64 Arizona Law Review 619 (Fall, 2022) Race shaped property law for everyone in the United States, and we are all the poorer for it. This transformation began in the colonial era, when demands for Indian land annexation and a slave-based economy created new legal innovations in recording, foreclosure, and commodification of property. It continued in the antebellum era, when these same... 2022  
Stella M. Flores, Suzanne M. Lyons, Tim Carroll, Delina Zapata RACE, PLACE, AND CITIZENSHIP: THE INFLUENCE OF SEGREGATION ON LATINO EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT 40 Minnesota Journal of Law & Inequality 69 (Winter, 2022) As the population of the United States has diversified over the last fifty years, the nation's key sectors of housing, education, and labor have absorbed this diversity with varying degrees of receptivity. In 2019, Latinos continued their status as the nation's largest minority group, comprising nearly twenty percent of the population (18.5%),... 2022 yes
Ronak Patel RACE-CONSCIOUS INDEPENDENT REDISTRICTING COMMISSIONS: PROTECTING RACIAL MINORITIES' POLITICAL POWER THROUGH RULES-BASED MAP DRAWING 69 UCLA Law Review 624 (April, 2022) The United States is changing, and its democratic process must change with it. A new nonwhite majority is emerging after decades of demographic shift. Federal voting rights doctrine, developed throughout the Civil Rights Era, is premised on a biracial conception of American society. Withering under sustained attack, federal protections have also... 2022  
Cyra Akila Choudhury RACECRAFT AND IDENTITY IN THE EMERGENCE OF ISLAM AS A RACE 91 University of Cincinnati Law Review 1 (2022) Introduction. 3 I: The Myth of Race and Reality of Fluid Racial Identities. 6 The Myth of Race. 6 Fluid Identities and Multiple Subordinations. 10 Muslim/Islamicized Identities as Cosynthetic Identities. 15 II. A Genealogy of Islam-as-Race. 18 Thread 1: Connecting Black Islam from Slavery to Anti-Islam Immigration Laws and the Civil Rights... 2022  
Atinuke O. Adediran RACIAL ALLIES 90 Fordham Law Review 2151 (April, 2022) Racial allies are white individuals and institutions that actively work to dismantle systems of racial inequality and the consequences of poverty that disproportionately impact communities of color and that are willing to both confer and share power with members of subjugated groups. There is no other sector of the legal profession that professes... 2022  
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