AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Terms
Dalia Castillo-Granados , Rachel Leya Davidson , Laila L. Hlass , Rebecca Scholtz THE RACIAL JUSTICE IMPERATIVE TO REIMAGINE IMMIGRANT CHILDREN'S RIGHTS: SPECIAL IMMIGRANT JUVENILES AS A CASE STUDY 71 American University Law Review 1779 (June, 2022) The immigration legal system has codified and perpetuated racial violence in many ways, yet the experiences of young people of color in this system have yet to be deeply examined. This Article surfaces the distinct and varied racialized harms that children experience in the immigration system through the example of Special Immigrant Juveniles.... 2022  
Aurora J. Grutman THE RACIAL WEALTH GAP IS A RACIAL HEALTH GAP 110 Kentucky Law Journal 723 (2021-2022) Table of Contents. 723 Introduction. 724 I. Race-Based Income and Wealth Inequalities. 725 II. Race-Based Health Inequalities. 729 III. The Interrelationship of Health and Wealth. 735 Conclusion. 737 2022  
Anne Barnhill, A. Susana Ramírez, Marice Ashe, Amanda Berhaupt-Glickstein, Nicholas Freudenberg, Sonya A. Grier, Karen E. Watson, Shiriki Kumanyika THE RACIALIZED MARKETING OF UNHEALTHY FOODS AND BEVERAGES: PERSPECTIVES AND POTENTIAL REMEDIES 50 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 52 (Spring, 2022) Keywords: Race and Ethnicity, Food and Beverage Marketing, Targeted Marketing, Health Equity, Structural Racism Abstract: We propose that marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages to Black and Latino consumers results from the intersection of a business model in which profits come primarily from marketing an unhealthy mix of products, standard... 2022 yes
André Douglas Pond Cummings, Steven A. Ramirez THE RACIST ROOTS OF THE WAR ON DRUGS & THE MYTH OF EQUAL PROTECTION FOR PEOPLE OF COLOR 44 University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review 453 (Spring, 2022) By 2021, the costs and pain arising from the propagation of the American racial hierarchy reached such heights that calls for anti-racism and criminal justice reform dramatically expanded. The brutal murder of George Floyd by the Minneapolis police vividly proved that the social construction of race in America directly conflicted with supposed... 2022  
John Whitlow THE REAL ESTATE STATE AND GROUP-DIFFERENTIATED VULNERABILITY TO PREMATURE DEATH: EXPLORING THE POLITICAL-ECONOMIC ROOTS OF COVID-19'S RACIALLY DISPARATE DEADLINESS IN NEW YORK CITY IN THE SPRING OF 2020 35 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 245 (Spring, 2022) Tell me how you die and I will tell you who you are. [I]n our time all politics is about real estate; and this from the loftiest statecraft to the most petty maneuvering around local advantage. In May 2020, after several bleak months in which Covid-19 took the lives of thousands of New York City's most vulnerable residents, a vigil was held in... 2022  
Morgan Stutts, Joseph R. Cohen, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign THE ROLE OF HOPELESSNESS AND PROCEDURAL JUSTICE ON DEPRESSOGENIC OUTCOMES IN SERIOUS ADOLESCENT OFFENDERS 46 Law and Human Behavior 415 (December, 2022) Objective: Despite increasing depression and suicide rates in justice-system-involved youth, little is known about depressogenic risk factors in this population. Therefore, we explored how levels of and changes in hopelessness and perceptions of procedural justice predicted depressive and suicidal outcomes in justice-system-involved youth.... 2022  
Shanda K. Sibley THE UNCHOSEN: PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS IN CRIMINAL SPECIALTY COURT SELECTION 43 Cardozo Law Review 2261 (August, 2022) Specialized criminal courts were created in an effort to offer nonpunitive responses to the commission of crime. The promise of these courts was that they would remove select populations from the traditional legal system and offer them something different, and perhaps better, than mere punishment and incapacitation. However, the current selection... 2022  
William J. Aceves THE WATTS GANG TREATY: HIDDEN HISTORY AND THE POWER OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 57 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 115 On the eve of the 1992 Los Angeles uprising, a small group of gang leaders and community activists drafted an agreement to curtail violence in south Los Angeles. Several gangs in Watts accepted the truce and established a cease-fire agreement. By most accounts, the 1992 Watts Gang Treaty succeeded in reducing gang violence in Los Angeles. Local... 2022  
Medha D. Makhlouf TOWARDS RACIAL JUSTICE: THE ROLE OF MEDICAL-LEGAL PARTNERSHIPS 50 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 117 (Spring, 2022) Keywords: Medical-Legal Partnership, Health Equity, Structural Determinants of Health, Racism, Poverty Abstract: Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) integrate knowledge and practices from law and health care in pursuit of health equity. However, the MLP movement has not reached its full potential to address racial health inequities, in part because... 2022  
Alina Ball TRANSACTIONAL COMMUNITY LAWYERING 94 Temple Law Review 397 (Spring, 2022) The racial reckoning during the summer of 2020 presented a renewed call to action for movement lawyers committed to collaborating with mobilized clients to advance racial equity and economic justice. During the last thirty years, community lawyering scholarship has made significant interventions into poverty lawyering and provides the theoretical... 2022  
Kevin Johnson , Raquel Aldana , José Padilla, Amagda Pérez, Thomas Saenz , Opening Remarks, Moderator, Panelists TRANSCRIPT: THE CIVIL RIGHTS LEGACY OF JUSTICE CRUZ REYNOSO 26 U.C. Davis Social Justice Law Review 132 (Winter, 2022) The family of Justice Cruz Reynoso released the following announcement upon his death in May 2021: On May 7, 2021, former California Supreme Court Associate Justice, law professor, and civil rights activist Cruz Reynoso passed away at age 90, surrounded by his family. Reynoso was born on May 2, 1931, in Brea, California, to Francisca Ramirez... 2022  
Ann E. Tweedy TRIBES, FIREARM REGULATION, AND THE PUBLIC SQUARE 55 U.C. Davis Law Review 2625 (June, 2022) We stand at a crossroads with the United States Supreme Court seemingly poised, in New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen, to expand the right of individualized self-defense first recognized in District of Columbia v. Heller, and shortly thereafter extended to states in McDonald v. City of Chicago. The Court's decision in Heller has... 2022  
Yael Cannon UNMET LEGAL NEEDS AS HEALTH INJUSTICE 56 University of Richmond Law Review 801 (Symposium 2022) In 2021, Attorney General Merrick Garland issued a call to action to the legal community. The Supreme Court had recently invalidated the nationwide eviction moratorium that was issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, and concerns were mounting about an impending tsunami of... 2022  
Bertrall L. Ross II , Douglas M. Spencer VOTER DATA, DEMOCRATIC INEQUALITY, AND THE RISK OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE 107 Cornell Law Review 1011 (May, 2022) Campaigns' increasing reliance on data-driven canvassing has coincided with a disquieting trend in American politics: a stark gap in voter turnout between the rich and poor. Turn-out among the poor has remained low in modern elections despite legal changes that have dramatically decreased the cost of voting. In this Article, we present evidence... 2022  
Jelani Jefferson Exum , David Niven WHERE BLACK LIVES MATTER LESS: UNDERSTANDING THE IMPACT OF BLACK VICTIMS ON SENTENCING OUTCOMES IN TEXAS CAPITAL MURDER CASES FROM 1973 TO 2018 66 Saint Louis University Law Journal 677 (Summer, 2022) The systemic disregard for Black lives in America was on full display when footage of a police officer kneeling on the neck of George Floyd went viral. Mr. Floyd's resultant death set off protests declaring that Black Lives Matter throughout the nation and across the world. While national attention rightfully turned to demanding police... 2022  
Brielle Autumn Brown WHERE'S MY BALLOT?: WHY CONGRESS SHOULD AMEND HOUSE BILL H.R.1 TO INCLUDE A NATIONAL MANDATE OF DROP BOXES FOR FEDERAL ELECTIONS TO HELP PROTECT THE BLACK VOTE 14 Drexel Law Review 405 (2022) Casting a ballot should be easy, but voter suppression continues to be an obstacle for many Black voters. The failure during Reconstruction to address Black suffrage, together with the proliferation of Jim Crow laws, enabled states to abridge the right to vote based on race. The Fifteenth Amendment was intended to eliminate racial restrictions at... 2022  
Osamudia James WHITE INJURY AND INNOCENCE: ON THE LEGAL FUTURE OF ANTIRACISM EDUCATION 108 Virginia Law Review 1689 (December, 2022) In the wake of the racial reckoning of 2020, antiracism education attracted intense attention and prompted renewed educator commitments to teach more explicitly about the function, operation, and harm of racism in the United States. The increased visibility of antiracism education engendered sustained critique and opposition, resulting in... 2022  
Marissa Jackson Sow WHITENESS AS CONTRACT 78 Washington and Lee Law Review 1803 (2022) 2020 forced scholars, policymakers, and activists alike to grapple with the impact of twin pandemics--the COVID-19 pandemic, which has devastated Black and Indigenous communities, and the scourge of structural and physical state violence against those same communities--on American society. As atrocious acts of anti-Black violence and harassment... 2022  
Caroline Lewis Bruckner , Jonathan Barry Forman WOMEN, RETIREMENT, AND THE GROWING GIG ECONOMY WORKFORCE 38 Georgia State University Law Review 259 (Winter, 2022) Gig work--the selling or renting of labor, effort, skills, and time outside of traditional employment--is a long-standing feature of the U.S. economy. Today, millions of online gig workers sell goods and services, or rent rooms, houses, vehicles, and other assets using apponline and app-based platforms (for example, Uber, Lyft, Rover, DoorDash,... 2022  
Richard Spradlin ZONING, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND RECLAMATION: OPPORTUNITIES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IN A FLOWERING INDUSTRY 23 Vermont Journal of Environmental Law 374 (Summer, 2022) Introduction. 375 I. Racialized Criminalization and Attempted Restoration. 377 A. Criminalization. 377 B. Legalization. 379 1. Canna-colonialism. 379 II. Relationship Between the Environment and Cannabis Cultivation/Production. 383 III. EJ and Cannabis: Considerations and Opportunities. 389 A. Zoning, Licensing, and Community Rebuilding. 390 B.... 2022  
Sarah Fishel "BE A LIE IF I TOLD YOU THAT I NEVER THOUGHT OF DEATH": USING JUDICIAL DISCRETION TO CONSIDER ANTICIPATED EARLY DEATH DURING SENTENCING 13 Drexel Law Review 707 (2021) Prevalent in street culture for generations, the idea that youth who are subject to daily violence internalize that chaos into an expectation of dying young is fairly new to social-legal settings. Anticipated early death has been advanced as a theory in recent years by researchers who argue that youth exposed to this violence and chaos early in... 2021  
Michael Heise, Jason P. Nance "DEFUND THE (SCHOOL) POLICE"? BRINGING DATA TO KEY SCHOOL-TO-PRISON PIPELINE CLAIMS 111 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 717 (Summer, 2021) Nationwide calls to Defund the Police, largely attributable to the resurgent Black Lives Matter demonstrations, have motivated derivative calls for public school districts to consider defunding (or modifying) school resource officer (SRO/police) programs. To be sure, a school's SRO/police presence-- and the size of that presence--may... 2021  
Nancy Chi Cantalupo "I THINK YOU DIDN'T GET IT BECAUSE THEY MISIDENTIFIED YOU AS LATINA": A COMMENTARY ON MULTIRACIALS AND CIVIL RIGHTS: MIXED-RACE STORIES OF DISCRIMINATION 34 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 39 (Spring, 2021) Liz was interviewing for a tenure-track, entry-level law faculty position at Law School X, ranked (in that year) around 100. She had heard a rumor that the law school was determined to hire a person who would add to the diversity of the faculty, which was both White- and male-dominated. Liz's job talk, a presentation on a current article that... 2021 Yes
Ada K. Wilson, Esq. , Dr. Timothy J. Fair , Michael G. Morrison, II, Esq. "NEWTRALITY": A CONTEMPORARY ALTERNATIVE TO RACE-NEUTRAL PEDAGOGY 43 Campbell Law Review 171 (2021) This Article presents the findings of an interdisciplinary search for an alternative to race-neutral pedagogy. Ultimately, Motivated Awareness and Inclusive Integrity can build capacity for advancements in human understanding of the social sciences and inspire reconsideration of race-neutral standards which impede meaningful judicial review.... 2021  
Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Anthony V. Alfieri (RE)FRAMING RACE IN CIVIL RIGHTS LAWYERING, STONY THE ROAD: RECONSTRUCTION, WHITE SUPREMACY, AND THE RISE OF JIM CROW, BY HENRY LOUIS GATES, JR., PENGUIN PRESS, 2019 130 Yale Law Journal 2052 (June, 2021) This Review examines the significance of Henry Louis Gates, Jr.'s new book, Stony the Road: Reconstruction, White Supremacy, and the Rise of Jim Crow, for the study of racism in our nation's legal system and for the regulation of race in the legal profession, especially in the everyday labor of civil-rights and poverty lawyers, prosecutors, and... 2021  
Carrie L. Rosenbaum (UN)EQUAL IMMIGRATION PROTECTION 50 Southwestern Law Review 231 (2021) L1-3Table of Contents I. Introduction. 231 II. Equal Protection Intent Doctrine. 236 III. Immigration UnEqual Protection. 243 A. Equal Protection Challenges to Alienage Laws. 245 B. Equal Protection Challenges to Racially Discriminatory Immigration Laws. 246 IV. DHS v. Regents - Intentional Blindness Redoubled. 253 V. Conclusion. 260 2021  
Christopher Burton 3/5THS TO 1/10TH, HOW TO MAKE BLACK AMERICA WHOLE: EXPLORING CONGRESSIONAL ACT H.R.40--COMMISSION TO STUDY AND DEVELOP REPARATION PROPOSALS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS ACT 54 UIC John Marshall Law Review 530 (Summer, 2021) I. Introduction. 530 II. Background. 535 A. What Is H.R. 40?. 535 B. Historic Economic Disparities Among Black and White Americans. 537 1. The New Deal and Jim Crow. 538 2. The Racist Execution of the G.I. Bill. 541 C. History of Past Proposed Reparation Acts in the United States.. 544 1. Reparations to Japanese Americans Interned During World War... 2021  
Liel Levy, Natalie Fragkouli, Founders, Nanato Media 5 TIPS FOR CONNECTING TO THE HISPANIC COMMUNITY 40 Legal Management 9 (October, 2021) The 2020 Census confirmed what many expected: The Hispanic population in the United States is booming, increasing 23% since the 2010 Census. In fact, as of 2020, people identifying as Hispanic or Latino accounted for a whopping 19% of the population. Given the rapid growth, how much of a minority will they be in the next decade? Businesses are... 2021 Yes
Desirée D. Mitchell A CLASS OF ONE: MULTIRACIAL INDIVIDUALS UNDER EQUAL PROTECTION 88 University of Chicago Law Review 237 (January, 2021) When it comes to recognizing multiracial individuals under the Equal Protection Clause, courts have fallen short. Only rarely do courts explicitly identify multiracial plaintiffs as just that--multiracial. Instead, the majority of courts revert to a one-drop rule in which they view plaintiffs as only one part of their self-identified racial... 2021  
Phillip Atiba Goff , Kim Shayo Buchanan A DATA-DRIVEN REMEDY FOR RACIAL DISPARITIES: COMPSTAT FOR JUSTICE 76 New York University Annual Survey of American Law 375 (2021) Police executives and policymakers have long affirmed a core principle of sound organizational management: law enforcement agencies must measure what matters. And they do: since the New York Police Department popularized the COMPSTAT process in the late 1990s, the systematic, ongoing analysis of crime and arrest data has achieved widespread... 2021  
Aglae Eufracio A HUMAN RIGHTS CRISIS UNDER OUR ROOF 23 Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice 201 (2021) Introduction. 201 I. Nicaragua: Daniel Ortega Seized a Country. 205 II. Guinea: A Young Country Without Peace. 212 III. United States of America: A Country That Can't Breathe. 220 Conclusion. 232 2021  
Taleed El-Sabawi , Jennifer J. Carrolla A MODEL FOR DEFUNDING: AN EVIDENCE-BASED STATUTE FOR BEHAVIORAL HEALTH CRISIS RESPONSE 94 Temple Law Review 1 (Fall, 2021) Too many Black persons and other persons of color are dying at the hands of law enforcement, leading many to call for the defunding of police. These deaths were directly caused by excessive use of force by police officers but were also driven by upstream and institutional factors that include structural racism, institutional bias, and a historic... 2021  
Caroline M. Gelinne A TRIP DOWN LEGISLATIVE MEMORY LANE: HOW THE FMLA CHARTS A PATH FOR POST-COVID-19 PAID LEAVE REFORM 62 Boston College Law Review 2515 (October, 2021) Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States was the only highly-developed nation in the world not to guarantee paid family and medical leave (PFML) for its citizens. In 2020, during the early days of the pandemic, Congress passed temporary PFML to alleviate the hardship on families forced to choose between health and a paycheck. That... 2021  
Lisa Kelly ABOLITION OR REFORM: CONFRONTING THE SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN "CHILD WELFARE" AND THE CARCERAL STATE 17 Stanford Journal of Civil Rights & Civil Liberties 255 (June, 2021) The child welfare system and the carceral state are engaged in a symbiotic relationship that shares many of the same hallmarks of surveillance, violence, and control of Black people. Just as police have been shown to inflict violence on Black people in the name of community safety, so too child welfare inflicts deep and lasting harms,... 2021  
Rory Svoboda ADDRESSING RACIAL DISPARITIES IN TREATMENT FOR OPIOID USE DISORDER ON CHICAGO'S WEST SIDE 30 Annals of Health Law Advance Directive 279 (Spring, 2021) The opioid epidemic began in the 1990s and has since persisted with ferocity, wreaking havoc across the nation. Opioids are a class of drugs used to treat pain and can come in the form of prescription opioids, fentanyl, or heroin. Millions of Americans have felt the devastating effects of addiction to these drugs with white people, specifically... 2021  
Nicolás Quaid Galván ADOPTING THE CUMULATIVE HARM FRAMEWORK TO ADDRESS SECOND-GENERATION DISCRIMINATION 11 Columbia Journal of Race and Law 147 (January, 2021) Analytical frameworks of constitutional review vary. One framework is the cumulative harm framework. This method examines the entirety of harm experienced by an individual to determine whether the harms rise to the level of a constitutional violation. For example, in the context of one's right to a fair trial, a reviewing court will aggregate the... 2021  
Jim Hawkins , Tiffany C. Penner ADVERTISING INJUSTICES: MARKETING RACE AND CREDIT IN AMERICA 70 Emory Law Journal 1619 (2021) Access to affordable credit played a central role in the Civil Rights Movement. But today, racial and ethnic minorities oversubscribe to high-cost lending products like payday loans and underuse more affordable credit options that traditional banks offer. These trends remain even when controlling for demographic variables like income, credit score,... 2021  
Loren M. Lee AFFIRMATIVE INACTION: A QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF PROGRESS TOWARD "CRITICAL MASS" IN U.S. LEGAL EDUCATION 119 Michigan Law Review 987 (March, 2021) Since 1978, the Supreme Court has recognized diversity as a compelling government interest to uphold the use of affirmative action in higher education. Yet the constitutionality of the practice has been challenged many times. In Grutter v. Bollinger, for example, the Court denied its use in perpetuity and suggested a twenty-five-year time limit for... 2021  
Richard Delgado , Jean Stefancic AGAINST EQUALITY: A CRITICAL ESSAY FOR THE NAACP AND OTHERS 48 Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly 235 (Winter, 2021) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 236 I. Structural Hurdles. 240 A. Forms of Treatment Unique to One Group. 240 B. Neglecting the Frame or Field. 242 1. Tucson School Controversy. 242 2. Brown v. Board of Education. 244 3. Immigration and Deportation. 245 II. Conceptual Limits on Enforcing Decrees. 245 A. Disbelief. 245 B. Colorblindness. 247 C.... 2021  
Govind Persad ALLOCATING MEDICINE FAIRLY IN AN UNFAIR PANDEMIC 2021 University of Illinois Law Review 1085 (2021) America's COVID-19 pandemic has both devastated and disparately harmed minority communities. How can the allocation of scarce treatments for COVID-19 and similar public health threats fairly and legally respond to these racial disparities? Some have proposed that members of racial groups who have been especially hard-hit by the pandemic should... 2021  
Henry F. Fradella , Weston J. Morrow , Michael D. White AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RACIAL/ETHNIC AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN NYPD STOP-AND-FRISK PRACTICES 21 Nevada Law Journal 1151 (Spring, 2021) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 1152 I. Stop-and-Frisk Authority. 1155 II. Stop-and-Frisk and the Undercurrent of Racial Injustice. 1160 A. Racial Issues in Terry v. Ohio. 1160 B. Racial Issues Throughout American Policing. 1161 III. Stop-and-Frisk and the NYPD. 1165 A. Crime, Disorder, and Broken Windows. 1165 B. Crime Control Benefits. 1169... 2021  
Stephen Rushin, Griffin Edwards AN EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF PRETEXTUAL STOPS AND RACIAL PROFILING 73 Stanford Law Review 637 (March, 2021) This Article empirically illustrates that legal doctrines permitting police officers to engage in pretextual traffic stops may contribute to an increase in racial profiling. In 1996, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Whren v. United States that pretextual traffic stops do not violate the Fourth Amendment. As long as police officers identify... 2021  
Donna Saadati-Soto AN INNOVATIVE ALTERNATIVE OR AN INSTITUTIONAL FAILURE OF FAMILY COURTS?: A CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE EXPERIENCE OF LATINX FAMILIES IN AN ANGLO-CENTRIC MEDIATION PROCESS 31 Berkeley La Raza Law Journal 25 (2021) Introduction. 25 I. Despite its intentions, the traditional Anglo-European model of Alternative Dispute Resolution fails minority participants.. 28 II. Cultural Latinx norms are different and distinct from White norms, and the current U.S. mediation model does not respond to Latinx needs and expectations.. 30 A. Latinos and Latinas have vastly... 2021 Yes
Leona D. Jochnowitz , Tonya Kendall ANALYZING WRONGFUL CONVICTIONS BEYOND THE TRADITIONAL CANONICAL LIST OF ERRORS, FOR ENDURING STRUCTURAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES, (JUVENILES, RACISM, ADVERSARY SYSTEM, POLICING POLICIES) 37 Touro Law Review 579 (2021) Researchers identify possible structural causes for wrongful convictions: racism, justice system culture, adversary system, plea bargaining, media, juvenile and mentally impaired accused, and wars on drugs and crime. They indicate that unless the root causes of conviction error are identified, the routine explanations of error (e.g., eyewitness... 2021  
Olwyn Conway ARE THERE STORIES PROSECUTORS SHOULDN'T TELL?: THE DUTY TO AVOID RACIALIZED TRIAL NARRATIVES 98 Denver Law Review 457 (Spring, 2021) The purportedly race-neutral actions of courts and prosecutors protect and perpetuate the myth of colorblindness and the legacy of white supremacy that define the American criminal system. This insulates the criminal system's racially disparate outcomes from scrutiny, thereby precluding reform. Yet prosecutors remain accountable to the electorate.... 2021  
Lindsay M. Harris , Hillary Mellinger ASYLUM ATTORNEY BURNOUT AND SECONDARY TRAUMA 56 Wake Forest Law Review 733 (2021) We are in the midst of a crisis of mental health for attorneys across all practice areas. Illustrating this broader phenomenon, this interdisciplinary Article shares the results of the 2020 National Asylum Attorney Burnout and Secondary Traumatic Stress Survey (Survey). Using well-established tools, such as the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and... 2021  
Nathalie Martin BAD APPLES OR A ROTTEN TREE: AMELIORATING THE DOUBLE PANDEMIC OF COVID-19 AND RACIAL ECONOMIC INEQUALITY 82 Montana Law Review 105 (Winter, 2021) Black Lives Matter signs pepper our rural, middle class neighborhood. Like many of the neighborhoods in my town, there are few Black Americans living nearby. The signs are a symbol of the desire to do something, finally, about systemic racism. There are other subtle shifts occurring as well. More books on racism top bestsellers lists and more ads... 2021  
Cynthia Alkon BARGAINING WITHOUT BIAS 73 Rutgers University Law Review 1337 (Summer, 2021) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 1338 I. Plea Bargaining is Largely Unsupervised. 1340 A. The Process of Plea Bargaining. 1342 B. Limits on Prosecutorial Power in Plea Bargaining. 1343 II. Racial Disparities are Exacerbated in Plea Bargaining. 1344 III. The Importance, and Possible Bias, of the First Offer. 1347 IV. Possible Fixes: Structural... 2021  
Elizabeth Kukura BETTER BIRTH 93 Temple Law Review 243 (Winter, 2021) Although the recent focus on maternal mortality has highlighted the problem of poor health outcomes for childbearing women and their babies, especially in communities of color, adverse outcomes are only one of many indications that mainstream maternity care often fails pregnant people and their families. Other signs that maternity care reform is... 2021  
Anne D. Gordon BETTER THAN OUR BIASES: USING PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH TO INFORM OUR APPROACH TO INCLUSIVE, EFFECTIVE FEEDBACK 27 Clinical Law Review 195 (Spring, 2021) As teaching faculty, we are obligated to create an inclusive learning environment for all students. When we fail to be thoughtful about our own bias, our teaching suffers - and students from under-represented backgrounds are left behind. This paper draws on legal, pedagogical, and psychological research to create a practical guide for clinical... 2021  
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