AuthorTitleCitationSummaryYearKey Terms
Jennifer Safstrom, Joseph Mead DEVELOPING INCLUSIVE LANGUAGE COMPETENCY IN CLINICAL TEACHING 29 Clinical Law Review 349 (Spring, 2023) Drawing from legal pedagogy, litigation practice, and teaching experience, this article seeks to compile a set of key considerations for inclusive language decision-making in the clinical setting. Using a multi-factor framework-- accuracy, precision, relevance, audience, and respect--this analysis explores the process for deciding on terms to use... 2023  
Allison R. Cross , Kelsey E. Tom , Danielle Wallace , Rick Trinkner , Adam D. Fine DID GEORGE FLOYD'S MURDER SHAPE THE PUBLIC'S FELT OBLIGATION TO OBEY THE POLICE? 47 Law and Human Behavior 510 (August, 2023) Objective: Our goal in the present study was to use longitudinal data to assess how normative (i.e., consensually motivated) and instrumental (i.e., coercively motivated) obligation to obey police changed after police murdered George Floyd and whether these changes differed by political ideology. Hypotheses: Using procedural justice theory, we... 2023  
Julie A. Ward, Mudia Uzzi, Talib Hudson, Daniel W. Webster, Cassandra K. Crifasi DIFFERENCES IN PERCEPTIONS OF GUN-RELATED SAFETY BY RACE AND GUN OWNERSHIP IN THE UNITED STATES 51 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 14 (Spring, 2023) Keywords: Public Opinion, Firearms, Personal Safety, Gun-Related Beliefs, Health Status Disparities, Health Equity Abstract: Motivated by disparities in gun violence, sharp increases in gun ownership, and a changing gun policy landscape, we conducted a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults (n=2,778) in 2021 to compare safety-related views... 2023  
Saptarishi Bandopadhyay, Joshua R. Coene DISASTER RISK IN THE CARCERAL STATE 42 Stanford Environmental Law Journal 171 (May, 2023) I. Introduction. 173 II. A Sketch of the Carceral State. 184 A. Mass Incarceration, Excess, and Origins. 184 B. Prison Regimes and Risk Management: Between Incapacitation and Correctionalism. 192 C. The Production of Carceral Vulnerability. 197 III. Between Compassion and Security: Disaster Risk in the Managerial State. 200 A. Disaster Risk... 2023  
Daniel M. Blonigen , Paige M. Shaffer , Nicole Baldwin , David Smelson DISENTANGLING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER, CRIMINOGENIC RISK, AND CRIMINAL HISTORY AMONG VETERANS 47 Law and Human Behavior 579 (October, 2023) Objective: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is positively associated with involvement in the criminal justice system among veterans. Research that examines whether this association is confounded by risk factors (criminogenic needs) from the risk--need--responsivity model of correctional rehabilitation can inform risk management with this... 2023  
Kimberly A. Houser , Kathryn Kisska-Schulze DISRUPTING VENTURE CAPITAL: CARROTS, STICKS, AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 13 UC Irvine Law Review 901 (May, 2023) Despite the massive dollars invested each year by Venture Capital (VC) firms, more than two-thirds of the companies they fund will provide zero return. More problematic, less than 3% of VC funds go to female-led startup teams, and less than 1% to racially diverse founders. While many argue that this underrepresentation will work itself out over... 2023  
Isa Alade , Zehra G. Kavame Eroglu DISRUPTIVE INNOVATIONS OR ENHANCING FINANCIAL INCLUSION: WHAT DOES FINTECH MEAN FOR AFRICA? 56 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 673 (May, 2023) Despite the rise of investments in fintech, financial services in Africa remain inaccessible to a large segment of the population, particularly to vulnerable groups including women. However, with uniquely designed fintech products and suitable regulations, there is now a chance to provide financial services to hundreds of millions of unserved and... 2023  
Alexis E. Pinzon DIVERSIFYING THE CORPORATE WORLD 54 Seton Hall Law Review 607 (2023) Throughout the last five years, there has been a push for diversity in every realm, industry, and profession. The corporate world is no different. An influx of companies seek to diversify their ranks--primarily focusing on their board of directors--using Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), known as Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG)... 2023  
Stephen Clowney DO FRATERNITIES VIOLATE THE FAIR HOUSING ACT? AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SEGREGATION IN THE GREEK ORGANIZATIONS 41 Yale Law and Policy Review 152 (Spring, 2023) Introduction. 153 I. Why Segregation in the Greek System Matters. 160 A. Greeks Dominate the Social Scene. 160 B. The Greeks Dominate Student Government. 164 C. The Greeks Control Access to Alumni Networks. 168 D. A Note on the Structure and Governance of the Greek Community. 169 II. The Greek System is Segregated. 171 A. Methodology. 173 B.... 2023  
Victoria Kalumbi DON'T MAKE THEM MARTYRS: EMPOWERING CHILDREN IN THE FOSTER CARE & JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEMS THROUGH COVID-19 VACCINE CONSENTING RIGHTS 41 Minnesota Journal of Law & Inequality 29 (Winter, 2023) Traditionally, the law has created only narrow avenues for children's rights to be recognized and vindicated. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed and reminded adults what it means to be in control, and what rights we should have to live a full, engaged, and productive life. Children in the foster care and juvenile justice systems have such little... 2023  
Caroline Cecot EFFICIENCY AND EQUITY IN REGULATION 76 Vanderbilt Law Review 361 (March, 2023) The Biden Administration has signaled an interest in ensuring that regulations appropriately benefit vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. Prior presidential administrations since at least the Reagan Administration have focused on ensuring that regulations are efficient, maximizing the net benefits to society as a whole, without considering who... 2023  
Chinonso Anozie EQUALIZING REMEDIATION 2023 Wisconsin Law Review 919 (2023) Environmental harm remediation occurs far less than it should in minority and low-income communities. One in six Americans live within three miles of a designated toxic waste or contaminated site, which causes a variety of health hazards. Frequently, these sites are located within minority or low-income communities. Multinational corporations and... 2023  
Lange Luntao , Michelle Wilde Anderson ETHNIC STUDIES AS ANTI-SEGREGATION WORK: LESSONS FROM STOCKTON 123 Columbia Law Review 1507 (June, 2023) In 2021, California became the first U.S. state to require that public high schools teach ethnic studies. Given polarized politics over what that mandate might mean, this Essay reflects on the role of ethnic studies curriculum in one place, through the voices of three people. The place is Stockton--the most diverse city in America and home to more... 2023  
Cara McClellan EVADING A RACE-CONSCIOUS CONSTITUTION 25 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law Online 1 (January, 2023) There is a world of difference between the situation this Court confronted in Brown, the separate but equal doctrine that was designed to exclude African Americans based on notions of racial inferiority and subjugate them, which, as this Court recognized, the school children affected their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone . and... 2023  
Uma Mazyck Jayakumar EXPERT REPORT OF DR. UMA JAYAKUMAR 4 North Carolina Civil Rights Law Review 108 (Fall, 2023) III. Factual Background and Assumptions. 109 IV. Educational Benefits of Diversity. 110 V. Obtaining Dynamic Diversity on College Campuses. 113 A. Obtaining the Educational Benefits of Diversity Requires Meaningful Student Participation and Cross-Racial Interaction. 114 1. Meaningful Participation. 114 2. Meaningful Cross-Racial Interactions. 119... 2023  
Mitchell J. Chang EXPERT REPORT OF MITCHELL J. CHANG, PH.D. 4 North Carolina Civil Rights Law Review 167 (Fall, 2023) V. Analyses of UNC-Chapel Hill's Efforts to Realize the Educational Benefits of Diversity. 168 A. UNC-Chapel Hill's Efforts to Promote Diversity and Inclusion. 169 1. Developing and Maintaining a Diverse Student Body. 171 2. Outreach, Enrichment and Recruitment Programs. 172 3. Retention and Academic Success Efforts. 175 4. Developing Positive... 2023  
Kimberly West-Faulcon EXPOSING THE DECEIT ABOUT DISPARATE IMPACT 40 Hofstra Labor and Employment Law Journal 349 (Spring, 2023) For decades, many right-wing politicians and a vocal cadre of legal scholars have argued that Congress should abolish the disparate impact provision of Title VII employment discrimination law. The central project of this Article is exposing an insidious deceit used to criticize Title VII disparate impact law-- the erroneous claim, repeated... 2023  
Emily D. Asher FACING REASONABLENESS: CROSS-CULTURAL COMPETENCY TRAINING IN LAW SCHOOL FOCUSED ON REASONABLE FEAR DETERMINATIONS FOR LGBTQIA+ LATINX INDIVIDUALS 51 Capital University Law Review 376 (Fall, 2023) How someone traveled through Central America to reach the United States border is an important journey. Understanding why an individual would undertake such an endeavor is equally important when determining the reasonableness of any fear in returning to their home country. Awareness for an individual's perspective requires developing cross-cultural... 2023 Yes
Shari Seidman Diamond , Valerie P. Hans FAIR JURIES 2023 University of Illinois Law Review 879 (2023) High-profile jury trials have catapulted concerns about jury fairness to the center of public consciousness. The public demands--and deserves--fairness from its juries. Despite the jury's sound performance in most cases, we can do better. The groundwork for the jury's capacity for fairness is laid long before prospective jurors enter the courtroom.... 2023  
Naomi Cahn, Clare Huntington, Elizabeth Scott FAMILY LAW FOR THE ONE-HUNDRED-YEAR LIFE 132 Yale Law Journal 1691 (April, 2023) Family law is for young people. To facilitate child rearing and help spouses pool resources over a lifetime, the law obligates parents to minor children and spouses to each other. Family law's presumption of young, financially interdependent, conjugal couples raising children privileges one family form-- marriage--and centers the dependency needs... 2023  
Elizabeth Chu , James S. Liebman , Madeline Sims , Tim Wang FAMILY MOVES AND THE FUTURE OF PUBLIC EDUCATION 54 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 469 (Spring, 2023) State laws compel school-aged children to attend school while fully funding only public schools. Especially following the COVID-19 pandemic, this arrangement is under attack--from some for unconstitutionally coercing families to expose their children to non-neutral values to which they object and from others for ignoring the developmental needs of... 2023  
Marissa Jackson Sow FIGHTING FOR WHITENESS IN UKRAINE 56 Creighton Law Review 129 (March, 2023) Teri McMurtry-Chubb's Race Unequals: Overseer Contracts, White Masculinities, and the Formation of Managerial Identity in the Plantation Economy offers groundbreaking insights into the gendered economic hierarchies internal to the body politic of Whiteness through its examination of the limitations that plantation overseers' contracts in the... 2023  
Ariel Roddy, PhD , Kaelyn Sanders , Christian Sarver, PhD , Emily Salisbury, PhD FINANCIAL MARGINALIZATION, HOUSING ACCESS, TRANSPORTATION, AND EMPLOYMENT: INTERSECTIONAL CONSIDERATIONS IN WOMEN'S REENTRY 32-SUM Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy 55 (Summer, 2023) The U.S. carceral system has a vast scope that includes close to two million individuals incarcerated in state, local, and federal facilities, as well as immigration detention centers, juvenile facilities, and other carceral institutions. Additionally, three million people are under probation or parole supervision. In particular, women's system... 2023  
Jayesh Rathod FLEEING THE LAND OF THE FREE 123 Columbia Law Review 183 (January, 2023) This Essay is the first scholarly intervention, from any discipline, to examine the number and nature of asylum claims made by U.S. citizens, and to explore the broader implications of this phenomenon. While the United States continues to be a preeminent destination for persons seeking humanitarian protection, U.S. citizens have fled the country in... 2023  
Lucy J. Litt FROM RHYMING BARS TO BEHIND BARS: THE PROBLEMATIC USE OF RAP LYRICS IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS 92 UMKC Law Review 121 (Fall, 2023) The use of rap lyrics as evidence in criminal proceedings distorts the art form and heightens the risk of wrongful prosecutions. Rap music is complex and sophisticated; it is an art form with its own history, norms, and conventions. Like other art forms (e.g., spy novels by John le Carré; ballets by George Balanchine; the Big Apple Circus;... 2023  
Mary Holper GANG ACCUSATIONS: THE BEAST THAT BURDENS NONCITIZENS 89 Brooklyn Law Review 119 (Fall, 2023) A teenager from El Salvador attends a high school that is populated mostly by Latine youth. He finds his friends in a group of boys. He gets into a scuffle with another boy. Little does he know, with each of these interactions, he has been accruing points in a database that tracks gang membership and affiliation. The friendships earn him two... 2023 Yes
Ari Ezra Waldman GENDER DATA IN THE AUTOMATED ADMINISTRATIVE STATE 123 Columbia Law Review 2249 (December, 2023) In myriad areas of public life--from voting to professional licensure--the state collects, shares, and uses sex and gender data in complex algorithmic systems that mete out benefits, verify identity, and secure spaces. But in doing so, the state often erases transgender, nonbinary, and gender-nonconforming individuals, subjecting them to the harms... 2023  
Claire Lisker GEOGRAPHIC AND LINGUISTIC BELONGING: A PREREQUISITE FOR FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS 39 Chicana/o-Latina/o Law Review 183 (2023) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 184 I. Geographic Belonging. 190 A. The Ethno-Racialized Conception of U.S. Territorial Sovereignty - A Brief History. 190 B. Modern Territorial Sovereignty: Patrolling the Border. 192 II. Linguistic Belonging. 198 A. Jury Exclusions. 199 B. English-Only Rules and Inadequate Title VII and Title VI... 2023  
Vonda Mallicoat Laughlin HARD-WORKING PIONEER PATRIOT v. LAZY HILLBILLY--THE CASE FOR TITLE VII PROTECTION FOR THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINEER A/K/A "HILLBILLY" 51 Capital University Law Review 148 (Fall, 2023) Mountain people of Southern Appalachia are the last group in America for whom ridicule is acceptable. As one columnist opined, Don't write a book that ridicules Blacks or Hispanics; it won't sell. However, it's fine to belittle Appalachians. The word hillbilly is one common and offensive slur. The stereotypical hillbilly, usually portrayed as... 2023 Yes
Veronica Pastor , Ivana Kriznic , Deputy General Counsel, Association of Corporate Counsel, Head of Public Policy, Canada, Latin America, Emerging Markets, Verizon HNBA'S CORPORATE COUNSEL DIVISION CHAIR IVANA KRIZNIC ON THE VALUE OF VOLUNTARY BAR MEMBERSHIPS 9/14/2023 ACC Docket 2 (9/14/2023) Banner artwork by ProStockStudio / Veronica Pastor: Ivana, you have been the 2022-2023 chair of the HNBA corporate counsel division. In your day job, you are Verizon's head of public policy for Canada, Latin America, and emerging markets, and regulatory counsel. You are also a longstanding member of ACC. When I attend meetings of... 2023 Yes
Mary R. Rose, Marc A. Musick HOW CAN YOU TELL IF THERE IS A CRISIS? DATA AND MEASUREMENT CHALLENGES IN ASSESSING JURY REPRESENTATION 98 Chicago-Kent Law Review 35 (2023) The premises of this special issue's theme are that society is in a time of crisis and that such a time is, in some manner, reflected in juries, perhaps to such an extent that juries are in crisis. Empirical evidence is the workhorse of any trustworthy means of arbitrating the truth of these premises. Empirical data can reveal economic, social, or... 2023  
Courtney G. Joslin , Douglas NeJaime HOW PARENTHOOD FUNCTIONS 123 Columbia Law Review 319 (March, 2023) Approximately two-thirds of states have functional parent doctrines, which enable courts to extend parental rights based on the conduct of forming a parental relationship with a child. Different jurisdictions use different names--including de facto parentage, in loco parentis, psychological parenthood, or presumed parentage--and the doctrines arise... 2023  
Fatma Marouf IMMIGRATION LAW'S MISSING PRESUMPTION 111 Georgetown Law Journal 983 (May, 2023) The presumption of innocence is a foundational concept in criminal law but is completely missing from quasi-criminal immigration proceedings. This Article explores the relevance of a presumption of innocence to removal proceedings, arguing that immigration law has been designed and interpreted in ways that disrupt formulating any such presumption... 2023  
Gabriela Raful IMPROVING JURY DIVERSITY 45-OCT Pennsylvania Lawyer 26 (September/October, 2023) In 2021, while preparing to be president of the Berks County Bar Association (BCBA), I began exploring the issues that I wanted to focus on during my term. As the first racial minority, first Latinx, youngest and only naturalized citizen to be president of the association, I wanted my main theme to be connected to the needs of the communities that... 2023 Yes
Alicia R. Jackson INHERENTLY UNEQUAL: THE EFFECT OF STRUCTURAL RACISM AND BIAS ON K-12 SCHOOL DISCIPLINE 88 Brooklyn Law Review 459 (Winter, 2023) The true character of society is revealed in how it treats its children.-- Nelson Mandela Overly harsh and discriminatory school discipline policies and biased decision-making practices have led to the disproportionate punishment of Black children, causing them to be excluded from classroom learning and creating a separate and unequal education... 2023  
Maya Vazquez JOHNNY AND THE JUICE: HOW SENSATIONALIZING TRIALS DILUTES METHODS OF JURY INSULATION 82 Maryland Law Review Online 157 (2023) Although juror impartiality and insulation are established cornerstones of American litigation and democracy, the current technological age has served as a catalyst for juror bias and misconduct. Court TV, trial broadcasting on demand, and the rise of viral judicial proceedings stand to threaten the efficacy of the Sixth Amendment's promise of an... 2023  
Charles Gardner Geyh JUDICIAL ETHICS AND IDENTITY 36 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 233 (Spring, 2023) This Article seeks to untangle a cluster of controversies and conundrums at the epicenter of the judiciary's role in American government, where a judge's identity as a person and role as a judge intersect. Part I synthesizes the traditional ethics schema, which proceeds from the premise that good judges decide cases on the basis of facts and law,... 2023  
Laura E. Gómez JUSTICE REYNOSO'S LEGACY IN CONTEXT 39 Chicana/o-Latina/o Law Review 1 (2023) C1-2Table of Contents 50th Anniversary of the CLLR. 2 Cruz Reynoso in Three Moments. 3 Moment #1--the CRLA Years. 4 Moment #2--the California Supreme Court Years. 6 Moment #3--Professor Reynoso's research on Latinx attorneys in Los Angeles County at the turn of the century. 7 Conclusion. 11 2023 Yes
Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold , Frank Bencomo-Suarez , Pierce Stevenson , Elijah Beau Eisert , Henna Khan , Rachel Utz , Rebecca Wells-Gonzalez JUSTICE, RESILIENCE, AND DISRUPTIVE HISTORIES: A SOUTH FLORIDA CASE STUDY 34 Colorado Environmental Law Journal 213 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 214 II. Social-Ecological Resilience and the Role of Justice. 217 III. Resilience Justice and Disruptive Histories. 226 IV. The Florida Everglades and Tribal Water Justice. 229 A. The Tribes. 229 B. The Everglades. 234 C. Tribal Water-Justice Struggles. 238 V. Miami and Climate Justice. 249 VI. Conclusion. 262 2023  
Kaylie Hidalgo KEEP AUSTIN . WHITE? HOW EQUITABLE DEVELOPMENT CAN SAVE AUSTIN, TEXAS FROM ITS RACIST PAST AND HOMOGENIZED FUTURE 9 Texas A&M Journal of Property Law 109 (4/5/2023) More than a century of racist federal, state, and local government policies created inequitable and racially segregated neighborhoods through a practice known as redlining. I-35 in Austin, Texas, represents one of the most iconic and stark segregationist splits in the country, with the Eastside being impoverished and mostly Black while the... 2023  
Roger Antonio Tejada KEEP YOUR HANDS OFF MY FINGERPRINTS: HOW STATE CONSTITUTIONALISM CAN STOP ON-SITE FINGERPRINTING DRAGNETS 41 Minnesota Journal of Law & Inequality 287 (Summer, 2023) On August 15, 2011, Denishio Johnson, a fifteen-year-old Black boy, looked at his reflection in a car window before waiting patiently at the bus stop on Burton Street Southeast for his friend. The bus stop was right outside the parking lot of the Michigan Athletic Club (MAC) in Denishio's hometown of Grand Rapids, Michigan. The MAC staff called the... 2023  
Raquel E. Aldana , Emile Loza de Siles , Solangel Maldonado , Rachel F. Moran LATINAS IN THE LEGAL ACADEMY: PROGRESS AND PROMISE 26 Harvard Latin American Law Review 183 (Spring, 2023) The 2022 Inaugural Graciela Olivárez Latinas in the Legal Academy (GO LILA) Workshop convened seventy-four outstanding and powerful Latina law professors and professional legal educators (collectively, Latinas in the legal academy, or LILAs) to document and celebrate our individual and collective journeys and to grow stronger together. In... 2023 Yes
Amber Gonzales , (GUEST AUTHOR) LATINOS IN THE COURTROOM 52-OCT Colorado Lawyer 4 (October, 2023) As CBA president, I consider it my duty to provide you with insight into our great state, and I believe it's essential for voices from across Colorado to be heard. Indeed, one of the greatest strengths of the CBA is our ability to bring people together, share ideas, and find success through one another. As such, I've invited leaders from around the... 2023 Yes
Ed Morales LATINX: RESERVING THE RIGHT TO THE POWER OF NAMING 39 Chicana/o-Latina/o Law Review 209 (2023) The label Latinx was originally conceived of by activists and academics to be inclusive of non-binary and LGBTQIA people, but when it came into wider use in the mid-2010s, it generated pushback from both conservatives and moderates. Recently there have been attempts to ban the term by a governor and a state legislature, with even Democratic Arizona... 2023 Yes
Jeremy D. Fogel , Mary S. Hoopes , Goodwin Liu LAW CLERK SELECTION AND DIVERSITY: INSIGHTS FROM FIFTY SITTING JUDGES OF THE FEDERAL COURTS OF APPEALS 137 Harvard Law Review 588 (December, 2023) C1-2CONTENTS Introduction. 590 I. Background and Motivation. 593 A. Law Clerk Demographics. 593 B. Judicial Culture. 597 II. Methodology. 599 III. Findings. 610 A. Diversity: Definitions and Rationales. 611 B. Law Schools. 613 C. Ideology. 616 D. Socioeconomic Background. 619 E. Gender. 621 F. Sexual Orientation. 622 G. Race and Ethnicity. 622 H.... 2023  
Jennifer M. Chacón LEGAL BORDERLANDS AND IMPERIAL LEGACIES: A RESPONSE TO MAGGIE BLACKHAWK'S THE CONSTITUTION OF AMERICAN COLONIALISM 137 Harvard Law Review Forum 1 (November, 2023) What are the borderlands? In her brilliant and sweeping exploration of the constitution of American colonialism, Professor Maggie Blackhawk references the borderlands dozens of times. She ultimately looks to the borderlands for constitutional salvation, extracting six principles of borderlands constitutionalism that she urges us to reckon with... 2023  
Juliet P. Stumpf, Stephen Manning LIMINAL IMMIGRATION LAW 108 Iowa Law Review 1531 (May, 2023) ABSTRACT: Liminal immigration rules operate powerfully beyond the edge of traditional law to govern the movement of people across borders and their interactions with the immigration system within the United States. This Article illuminates this body of liminal law, revealing how agencies and advocates have innovated to create widely followed... 2023  
Dolores S. Atencio LUMINARIAS: AN EMPIRICAL PORTRAIT OF THE FIRST GENERATION OF LATINA LAWYERS 1880-1980 39 Chicana/o-Latina/o Law Review 1 (2023) C1-2Table of Contents Prologue. 3 Introduction. 9 I. The Luminarias Study. 13 A. Methodology. 13 B. Who is Latina? The Complex Nature of Self-Identification Inside and Outside the Latino Community. 16 C. Ethical Considerations in Categorizing Luminarias as Latinas. 22 1. Rosalind Goodrich Bates, LL.B 1926 Southwestern Law-Los Angeles, Admitted... 2023 Yes
Rachel Kincaid MASS INCARCERATION AND MISINFORMATION: THE COVID-19 INFODEMIC BEHIND BARS 19 University of Saint Thomas Law Journal 323 (Spring, 2023) [A]s I mentioned, by April or during the month of April, the heat, generally speaking, kills this kind of virus.--Then-President Donald Trump on February 10, 2020, during a White House meeting with governors. I said it was going away--and it is going away.--Then-President Trump on April 3, 2020, during a White House Coronavirus Task Force... 2023  
Jake Polinsky MINNESOTA'S MANDATORY COURT SURCHARGE AND THE FAILURE OF THE FEE-FOR-SERVICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 41 Minnesota Journal of Law & Inequality 191 (Winter, 2023) In 2014, Ebony was thirty-six and living in Ferguson, Missouri. She had amassed about $2,000 in fines and fees due to traffic tickets and was having trouble paying this debt off. Unfortunately for Ebony, the Ferguson Municipal Court's primary tool for collecting on outstanding fines and fees when someone missed a payment was to issue an arrest... 2023  
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