Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler ABORTION RIGHTS AND THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM: HOW DOBBS EXACERBATES EXISTING RACIAL INEQUITIES AND FURTHER TRAUMATIZES BLACK FAMILIES 51 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 575 (Fall, 2023) Keywords: Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health, Abortion Bans, Child Welfare System, Racial Inequities Abstract: This article explores how abortion bans in states with large Black populations will exacerbate existing racial inequities in those states' child welfare systems. In Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, the Supreme Court returned to... 2023 Most Relevant
Kennedy Ray Fite HAALAND v. BRACKEEN: THE DECISION THAT THREATENED THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT'S PROTECTIONS OF NATIVE FAMILIES IN ILLINOIS 54 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 1109 (Summer, 2023) The Indian Child Welfare Act has become a controversial piece of legislation since the Supreme Court heard oral argument on the case of Haaland v. Brackeen in November 2022 and released its decision in June 2023. The statute was originally enacted in 1978 to remedy the United States' tragic history of family separation in tribal communities,... 2023 Most Relevant
Lucia Kello "THE PAST GOT BROKEN OFF": CLASSIFYING "INDIAN" IN THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT 36 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 361 (Winter, 2023) In her 1993 novel, Pigs in Heaven, Barbara Kingsolver chronicles the story of an American Indian child, Turtle, and her young, white, adoptive mother, Taylor Greer. In what has been criticized as a controversial imagined fact pattern, Kingsolver writes that while stopped in a parking lot in the middle of the night, Taylor is approached by an... 2023 Relevant
Steven Jessen-Howard FIGHTING CHILD POVERTY IN THE UNITED STATES: THE UNIVERSAL CHILD BENEFIT 30 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy 589 (Spring, 2023) More than ten million children in the United States live in poverty, largely because of the country's relative lack of investment in children and families. Child poverty is associated with higher rates of child maltreatment and contributes to a host of outcomes that harm children and society. Recent legislation that increased the size and scope of... 2023 Relevant
Lindsay Norton LET'S TALK DIRTY: REVEALING THE UNITED STATES SANITATION CRISIS AND ITS DISPROPORTIONATE EFFECT ON POOR AND MINORITY COMMUNITIES 34 Villanova Environmental Law Journal 85 (2023) The Black Belt region of the southern United States, which spans from Alabama to Mississippi, received its name because of its non-absorbent, dark, and clay-like soil. This soil, while ideal for growing cotton, is impenetrable and does not absorb water properly. Consequently, sewage and wastewater accumulate and create a hygienic nightmare for the... 2023 Relevant
Eric J. Boos, MA, Ph.D, JD, LLM MORAL IMPERATIVE--LEGAL REQUIREMENT: WHY LAW SCHOOLS SHOULD REQUIRE POVERTY LAW AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS 19 University of Saint Thomas Law Journal 63 (Spring, 2023) Abstract. 63 Statement of the Problem. 64 Race Matters. 67 Developing a Philosophy of Economics. 71 A Vicious Cycle: Poverty Causes Crime and Crime Causes More Poverty. 74 Academic Activism as a Solution. 84 The Wrong Priority for Education. 89 Toward a Theory of Liberal Learning Through a More Complete Epistemology. 94 2023 Relevant
I. Bennett Capers POLICING "BAD" MOTHERS: THE SCHOOL FOR GOOD MOTHERS. BY JESSAMINE CHAN. NEW YORK, N.Y.: SIMON & SCHUSTER. 2022. PP. 324. $17.99. TORN APART: HOW THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM DESTROYS BLACK FAMILIES--AND HOW ABOLITION CAN BUILD A SAFER WORLD. BY DOROTHY ROBERTS. NEW YORK, N.Y.: BASIC BOOKS. 2022. PP. VII, 375. $18.99 136 Harvard Law Review 2044 (June, 2023) Jessamine Chan's The School for Good Mothers is not a great book. I don't mean that in the sense the writer Judith Newman did when she wrote in the New York Times Book Review one Mother's Day: No subject offers a greater opportunity for terrible writing than motherhood. Rather, I simply mean The School for Good Mothers isn't great literature. I... 2023 Relevant
Jean Galbraith, Latifa AlMarri, Lisha Bhati, Rheem Brooks, Zachary Green, Margo Hu, Noor Irshaidat POVERTY PENALTIES AS HUMAN RIGHTS PROBLEMS 117 American Journal of International Law 397 (July, 2023) Fines and other financial sanctions are frequently imposed by criminal justice systems around the world. Yet they also raise grave concerns about economic discrimination. Unless they are perfectly scaled to defendants' financial circumstances, they will penalize poor persons far more than rich ones--and poor defendants' inability to pay can lead to... 2023 Relevant
Elaina Marx PUNISHMENT, POVERTY, AND THE LIMITS OF JUDICIAL POLICYMAKING 30 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy 241 (Winter, 2023) In 1996, prisoners' rights formally fell out of public favor. The Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA) put a period on the widespread prisoners' rights movement of the 1960s and 70s: it drastically diminished the ability of prisoners to vindicate their rights in courts, the incentives for lawyers to represent prisoners, and the ability of courts... 2023 Relevant
Amelia Tidwell THE HEART OF THE MATTER: ICWA AND THE FUTURE OF NATIVE AMERICAN CHILD WELFARE 43 Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary 126 (Spring, 2023) The United States has a long and tragic history of removing Native American children from their homes and culture at shocking rates. Congress passed the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) in 1978 in response to that crisis and many states have bolstered the Act with state legislation and tribal-state agreements, but racial disparities are still... 2023 Relevant
Akil Roper , Shivi Prasad THE IMPACT AND CONSEQUENCES OF TRUE POVERTY ON ACCESS TO JUSTICE 340-FEB New Jersey Lawyer, the Magazine 54 (February, 2023) Legal representation by a licensed attorney, and ultimately justice, are denied to the poor in far too many critical civil legal cases. Social science studies reveal that those in poverty will have lawyers for just 8% (or less) of the civil legal problems they face. And, the problems they face go the very heart of their existence, often with grave... 2023 Relevant
Joshua Michtom A CALL TO ACTION FOR PARENTS' LAWYERS IN THE FAMILY REGULATION SYSTEM: BEARING WITNESS AS PRAXIS AND PRACTICE IN THE FACE OF STRUCTURAL INJUSTICE 31 Journal of Law & Policy 90 (2023) In this Essay, a public defender specializing in parent defense argues that the family regulation system is fundamentally unfair to parents, and that this unfairness is perpetuated by closed courtrooms and a lack of public understanding. He calls on lawyers who represent parents in these proceedings to make the practice of public storytelling... 2023  
Rachel Kennedy A CHILD'S CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO FAMILY INTEGRITY AND COUNSEL IN DEPENDENCY PROCEEDINGS 72 Emory Law Journal 911 (2023) Since the child welfare system's inception, abuse and neglect laws have conflated poverty-related neglect with active parental violence and willful neglect. The ensuing state surveillance has disproportionately harmed poor children and children of color. Pursuant to the state's expansive parens patriae authority, countless families are... 2023  
Monika Batra Kashyap A CRITICAL RACE FEMINISM CRITIQUE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS THAT EXCLUDE SEX WORKERS: MOVING FROM THEORY TO PRAXIS 38 Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice 52 (2023) This Article is the first to apply a critical race feminism (CRF) critique to the current immigration law in the United States, Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) ยง 212(a)(2)(D)(i), which excludes immigrants for engaging in sex work. This Article will use critical historical methodology to center the role of women of color as the primary targets... 2023  
Lauren Kingsbeck A HISTORY OF EXCLUSION: "FOR CAUSE" CHALLENGES AND BLACK JURORS 19 University of Saint Thomas Law Journal 654 (Spring, 2023) In the fall of 2021, many Americans were shocked to learn that the Georgia jury for the trial of three white men accused of murdering Ahmaud Arbery, a young Black man, consisted of eleven white jurors and only one Black juror. Even more shocking was the judge's admission that there appeared to be intentional discrimination in the panel after the... 2023  
Nadiyah J. Humber A HOME FOR DIGITAL EQUITY: ALGORITHMIC REDLINING AND PROPERTY TECHNOLOGY 111 California Law Review 1421 (October, 2023) Property technologies (PropTech) are innovations that automate real estate transactions. Automating rental markets amplifies racial discrimination and segregation in housing. Because screening tools rely on data drawn from discriminatory--and often overtly segregationist--historical practices, they replicate those practices' unequal outcomes in the... 2023  
Scott Altman A RIGHT TO ADOPT AND PARENTAL LICENSING 65 Arizona Law Review 835 (Winter 2023) No court recognizes the right to adopt a child. By contrast, we embrace family formation rights and protect choices about whether to marry, procreate, and rear biological children. These rights are needed because families play a key role in society, and family formation is central to a happy and self-directed life. For similar reasons, we should... 2023  
Bernadette Atuahene A THEORY OF STATEGRAFT 98 New York University Law Review 1 (April, 2023) Neoliberalism and its accompanying austerity measures are shrinking local and national government budgets, even though constituent needs remain pressing. In desperation, public officials sometimes replenish public coffers through illicit extraction from segments of the population poorly positioned to fight back. In Detroit, for example, city... 2023  
Steven A. Ramirez A VISION OF THE ANTI-RACIST PUBLIC CORPORATION 91 University of Cincinnati Law Review 828 (2023) In recent years, the law has concentrated further economic and political power within the publicly traded corporation. Even before these legal renovations, expert observers suggested that the legal frameworks governing the public firm permitted management sufficient legal autonomy to overcompensate themselves and to create governance structures... 2023  
Marc Canellas ABOLISH AND REIMAGINE: THE PSEUDOSCIENCE AND MYTHOLOGY OF SUBSTANCE USE IN THE FAMILY REGULATION SYSTEM 30 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy 169 (Winter, 2023) Substance use is one of the favorite justifications for the family regulation system to remove children and prevent reunification with their parents, especially if those parents are women, people in poverty, or people of color. This Article reviews decades of scientific research, hundreds of scientific articles, revealing that almost all the... 2023  
Allegra McLeod ABOLITION AND ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE 69 UCLA Law Review 1536 (September, 2023) During the coronavirus pandemic, movements for penal abolition and racial justice achieved dramatic growth and increased visibility. While much public discussion of abolition has centered on the call to divest from criminal law enforcement, contemporary abolitionists also understand public safety in terms of building new life-sustaining... 2023  
Kira Eidson ADDRESSING THE BLACK MORTALITY CRISIS IN THE WAKE OF DOBBS: A REPRODUCTIVE JUSTICE POLICY FRAMEWORK 24 Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law 929 (Spring, 2023) Black people who can become pregnant and give birth were dying from pregnancy-related causes at rates more than double the national average before the Supreme Court decided Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health, and the Dobbs decision is expected to make America's maternal mortality crisis worse. This Note discusses the expected effects of abortion... 2023  
Yael Zakai Cannon, Vida Johnson ADVANCING RACIAL JUSTICE THROUGH CIVIL AND CRIMINAL ACADEMIC MEDICAL-LEGAL PARTNERSHIPS 30 Clinical Law Review 29 (Fall, 2023) The medical-legal partnership (MLP) model, which brings attorneys and healthcare partners together to remove legal barriers to health, is a growing approach to addressing unmet civil legal needs. But MLPs are less prevalent in criminal defense settings, where they also have the potential to advance both health and legal justice. In fact, grave... 2023  
John Mukum Mbaku AFRICAN COURTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW 48 Brooklyn Journal of International Law 445 (2023) Introduction. 446 I. Domesticating International Human Rights Instruments. 462 A. Introduction. 462 B. Giving Effect in Domestic Courts to International Treaties. 465 II. The State of the Protection of Human Rights in African Countries. 473 A. Introduction. 473 B. Judicial Independence as a Critical Factor in the Protection of Human Rights. 478... 2023  
Benjamin Levin AFTER THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 98 Washington Law Review 899 (October, 2023) Abstract: Since the 1960s, the criminal justice system has operated as the common label for a vast web of actors and institutions. But as critiques of mass incarceration have entered the mainstream, academics, activists, and advocates increasingly have stopped referring to the criminal justice system. Instead, they have opted for critical... 2023  
Michelle Oberman AGAINST SILENCE: WHY DOCTORS ARE OBLIGATED TO PROVIDE ABORTION INFORMATION 26 Journal of Health Care Law and Policy 265 (2023) As a lawyer, I have long been interested in the gap between law and the books and law in practice. In 2008, this curiosity led me to Latin America, where I began studying the impact of the world's most restrictive abortion bans. My first stop was Chile, which at the time banned abortion under all conditions-- there was not even an exception to save... 2023  
Allison M. Whelan* AGGRAVATING INEQUALITIES: STATE REGULATION OF ABORTION AND CONTRACEPTION 46 Harvard Journal of Law & Gender 131 (Winter, 2023) Each year in the United States, pervasive inequities in health-care access and health outcomes contribute to tens of thousands of excess deaths among communities of color and other historically marginalized and vulnerable populations. Tragically, even that number may be a conservative estimate. These inequities transpire from structural barriers... 2023  
Hiba Hafiz ANTITRUST AND RACE 100 Washington University Law Review 1471 (2023) Antitrust law regulates the consolidation and abuse of economic power. One of its core tasks is to ensure that market success is not rigged in favor of undeserving winners against excluded competitors at consumers' and workers' expense. But for their entire enforcement and doctrinal history, antitrust regulators and courts have built a legal... 2023  
California Task Force APPENDIX 60 San Diego Law Review 613 (August-September, 2023) In 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, and, in 1865, the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution commanded that [n]either slavery nor involuntary servitude . shall exist within the United States. In supporting the passage of the 13th Amendment, its co-author Senator Lyman Trumbull of Illinois said that it is perhaps... 2023  
Jessica Xu AWARDING RACIAL SEGREGATION: THE LOW-INCOME HOUSING TAX CREDIT AS A NEW RACIALLY RESTRICTIVE COVENANT 70 UCLA Law Review 596 (August, 2023) The United States has a history of racial segregation in its facilitation of federal housing programs. One such program, the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), was intended to respond to the need for affordable housing since its establishment in 1986. Through the LIHTC program, the federal government grants tax credits to investors and... 2023  
Timothy M. Mulvaney BENEATH THE PROPERTY TAXES FINANCING EDUCATION 123 Columbia Law Review 1325 (June, 2023) Many states turn in sizable part to local property taxes to finance public education. Political and academic discourse on the extent to which these taxes should serve in this role largely centers on second-order issues, such as the vices and virtues of local control, the availability of mechanisms to redistribute property tax revenues across school... 2023  
Roy L. Brooks BLACK BOARDING ACADEMIES AS A PRUDENTIAL REPARATION: FINIS ORIGINE PENDET 13 Columbia Journal of Race and Law 790 (May, 2023) The past is never dead. It's not even past. - William Falkner, Requiem for a Nun 85 (1951) With billions of dollars pledged and trillions of dollars demanded to redress slavery and Jim Crow (Black Reparations) the question of how best to use these funds has moved into the forefront of the ongoing campaign for racial justice in our post-civil... 2023  
Belinda Lee BOLSTERING BENEFITS BEHIND BARS: REEVALUATING EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT AND SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS DENIALS TO INMATES 98 New York University Law Review 331 (April, 2023) This Note describes how the tax system treats inmates, an intersection that has been relatively understudied by both tax and criminal justice scholars. The Note provides a detailed account of how inmates earn income through prison labor (what goes in) and the benefits denied to inmates (what comes out, or rather what often does not come out). The... 2023  
Jenna Prochaska BREAKING FREE FROM "CRIME-FREE": STATE-LEVEL RESPONSES TO HARMFUL HOUSING ORDINANCES 27 Lewis & Clark Law Review 259 (2023) Municipalities throughout the country enforce broad and harmful crime-free housing and nuisance property ordinances (CFNOs)--local laws that encourage landlords to evict or exclude tenants from housing opportunities based on their contact with the criminal legal system or calls for police help. There is little evidence that CFNOs are effective at... 2023  
Khadijah Wright BRIDGE OR BARRIER: THE INTERSECTION OF WEALTH, HOUSING, AND THE DISPARATE IMPACT STANDARD 17 Florida A & M University Law Review 203 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents I. Wealth and Race are Significantly Intertwined Historically. 205 A. Historical Barriers to Wealth Used Race as A Basis for Exclusion. 205 B. Wealth Exclusion Affects Both Race and Housing. 209 II. The Fair Housing Act of 1968 intended to Prevent Discrimination Based on Group Characteristics. 212 A. Tropes: A Substitute for... 2023  
Deborah N. Archer, Vincent M. Southerland, Jason D. Williamson BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE NATIONAL BLACK LAW STUDENTS ASSOCIATION IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS 4 North Carolina Civil Rights Law Review 87 (Fall, 2023) INTEREST OF AMICI CURIAE. 88 SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT. 88 ARGUMENT. 91 I. Race-Conscious Admissions Programs Benefit the Larger Educational Community and Society as a Whole. 91 II. Race-Conscious Admissions Programs Are Not Harmful to the Professional Aspirations or the Personal Well-Being of Black Law Students. 92 III. Race-Conscious Admissions In... 2023  
Susan Bennett, Binny Miller, Michelle Assad, Maria Dooner, Mariam Hinds, Jessica Millward, Citlalli Ochoa, Charles Ross, Anne Schaufele, Caroline Wick BUILDING A CULTURE OF SCHOLARSHIP WITH NEW CLINICAL TEACHERS BY WRITING ABOUT SOCIAL JUSTICE LAWYERING 31 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy and the Law 311 (2023) I. Introduction. 313 II. The Teaching of Social Justice as a Fundamental Lawyering Skill. 319 III. The Narratives. 321 A. Forging Professional Identities Under Stress: Providing Opportunities for Framing Success and for a Transition to a Social Justice-Informed Practice. 321 1. Teaching Through Injustice and Uncertainty. 323 a. Defining Goals and... 2023  
Katie O'Brien CAMERA-ENFORCED STREETS: CREATING AN ANTI-RACIST SYSTEM OF TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT 36 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 515 (Winter, 2023) On July 10, 2015, Sandra Bland was pulled over while driving in Prairie View, Texas, for failure to signal a lane change after moving to allow a trooper's vehicle to pass her car. As the stop progressed, the trooper ordered Bland to get out of her car. When she refused, the trooper threatened to yank [Bland] out of her car and light [her] up... 2023  
Mary L. Frampton CAN RESTORATIVE JUSTICE TRANSFORM SCHOOL CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA? QUALITATIVE RESEARCH SHINES A LITTLE LIGHT 20 Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal 75 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Restorative Justice as a Paradigm Shift. 77 Restorative Justice Pilot Program at Oakland's Middle School. 78 Policy Leaders Shift Toward Restorative Justice and Other Positive Disciplinary Approaches. 80 Decisions to Suspend and Expel Continue to Disproportionately Impact Children of Color. 82 Can A Qualitative Research Study... 2023  
Mary L. Frampton CAN RESTORATIVE JUSTICE TRANSFORM SCHOOL CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA? QUALITATIVE RESEARCH SHINES A LITTLE LIGHT 34 Hastings Journal on Gender and the Law 75 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Restorative Justice as a Paradigm Shift. 77 Restorative Justice Pilot Program at Oakland's Middle School. 78 Policy Leaders Shift Toward Restorative Justice and Other Positive Disciplinary Approaches. 80 Decisions to Suspend and Expel Continue to Disproportionately Impact Children of Color. 82 Can A Qualitative Research Study... 2023  
Anna Belle Newport CIVIL MIRANDA WARNINGS: THE FIGHT FOR PARENTS TO KNOW THEIR RIGHTS DURING A CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES INVESTIGATION 54 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 854 (Spring, 2023) C1-2Table of Contents Introduction. 856 Part I: The Family Regulation System as it is Today. 862 A. Constitutional Protections & Limitations in the Family Regulation System. 862 B. Disproportionate Impact on Low-Income Communities of Color. 865 C. The Limitations of Miranda v. Arizona in the Family Court Context. 870 Part II: The Meaninglessness of... 2023  
Nicole Summers CIVIL PROBATION 75 Stanford Law Review 847 (April, 2023) Abstract. The scholarly literature on the eviction legal system has repeatedly concluded that eviction courts are courts of mass settlement. In court hallways, landlords' attorneys pressure unrepresented tenants into signing settlement agreements in a factory-like process, and judges approve the agreements with a perfunctory rubber stamp. Yet while... 2023  
Lisa Lucile Owens CONCENTRATED SURVEILLANCE WITHOUT CONSTITUTIONAL PRIVACY: LAW, INEQUALITY, AND PUBLIC HOUSING 34 Stanford Law and Policy Review 131 (2023) Equal treatment of citizens under the law is a supposedly central value in the American legal system, and yet laws often contribute to the further entrenchment of inequality. This Article utilizes qualitative social scientific data to shed light on the differential impacts of law. In particular, this Article asks how vulnerable individuals and... 2023  
Barbara Fedders CONCEPTUALIZING AN ANTI-MOTHER JUVENILE DELINQUENCY COURT 101 North Carolina Law Review 1351 (June, 2023) This Article makes three contributions to the literature on the harms to children and their families that flow from involvement in the juvenile delinquency court. It argues, first, that poor mothers of color--especially those raising children without cohabitating partners--are uniquely vulnerable among parents to both seeing their children... 2023  
Anna Roberts CRIMINAL TERMS 107 Minnesota Law Review 1495 (April, 2023) Core items of vocabulary used by criminal legal academics to describe the criminal system, those affected by it, and those overseeing it, convey implicit messages that bolster that system. While important scholarship in the last few years has identified the fact that criminal legal academics are implicated in the system and has argued that through... 2023  
Kevin Brown CRITICAL RACE THEORY EXPLAINED BY ONE OF THE ORIGINAL PARTICIPANTS 98 New York University Law Review Online 91 (April, 2023) President Donald Trump issued an executive order in September of 2020 seeking to exclude diversity and inclusion training from federal contracts if those trainings contained so-called divisive concepts like stereotyping and scapegoating based on race and sex. In the wake of the executive order, attacks on Critical Race Theory (CRT) skyrocketed.... 2023  
Nicole Stelle Garnett DECOUPLING PROPERTY AND EDUCATION 123 Columbia Law Review 1367 (June, 2023) Over the past several years, the landscape of K-12 education policy has shifted dramatically, thanks in part to increasing prevalence of parental-choice policies, including intra- and inter-district public school choice, charter schools, and private-school choice policies like vouchers and (most recently) universal education savings accounts. These... 2023  
Lauren Sudeall DELEGALIZATION 75 Stanford Law Review Online 116 (July, 2023) The lack of resources available to assist low-income litigants as they navigate the legal system has been widely documented. In the civil context-- where a majority of cases involve eviction, debt collection, and family matters --various solutions have been offered to address the problem. These include expanding the civil right to counsel;... 2023  
Robyn Zoccola, Erin Borissov DIGITAL DIVIDE--DISPARATE IMPACT? THE IMPACT OF MODERN RECRUITING AND WORKPLACE PRACTICES THAT RELY ON BROADBAND 56 Indiana Law Review 543 (2023) For many of us, it is difficult to imagine a life without the internet. Everything in our lives is tied to it. With the prevalence of telemedicine, e-commerce, online education, remote work, online news sources, and more, the inaccessibility of broadband service can quickly cause people to fall behind in every aspect of their life. Despite the... 2023  
Saptarishi Bandopadhyay, Joshua R. Coene DISASTER RISK IN THE CARCERAL STATE 42 Stanford Environmental Law Journal 171 (May, 2023) I. Introduction. 173 II. A Sketch of the Carceral State. 184 A. Mass Incarceration, Excess, and Origins. 184 B. Prison Regimes and Risk Management: Between Incapacitation and Correctionalism. 192 C. The Production of Carceral Vulnerability. 197 III. Between Compassion and Security: Disaster Risk in the Managerial State. 200 A. Disaster Risk... 2023  
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