AuthorTitleCitationSummaryDocument TypeCase StatusYear
PENALTIES § 13A:35.50. Return Preparers-Frivolous Position CASEY § 13A:35.50 (2021) The Service may seek injunctions against preparers who are advocating frivolous positions. For example, it has obtained injunctions against preparing returns claiming a credit or refund as reparations for slavery. The 2006 Tax Relief and Health Care Act increased the penalty for submitting a frivolous return position from $500 to $5,000. Also,... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Arthur H. Boelter § 4:125. Injunction against future preparer activities IRS-TXPINT § 4:125 (2021) [Tax Penalties and Interest] The issuance of an injunction against future return preparation activities is within the discretion of the court. Even where a court finds that a preparer has continually or repeatedly disregarded rules and regulations related to the Code, a court may decline to issue a blanket injunction. A blanket injunction is warranted where the government can... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
  2021 CONG US HR 40 117th CONGRESS, 1st Session (1/4/2021) To address the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to study and consider a national apology and proposal for reparations for the institution of slavery, its subsequent de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes. Ms. Jackson Lee (for herself, Ms. Plaskett, Mr. Rush, Mr.... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
  2021 CONG US S 40 117th CONGRESS, 1st Session (1/25/2021) To address the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to study and consider a national apology and proposal for reparations for the institution of slavery, its subsequent de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes. Mr. Booker (for himself, Mr. Durbin, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Coons,... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
a slavery era database that includes all records made available to the..." 2021 DC L.B. 48 (NS) 2021 Washington DC Legislative Bill No. 48, Washington DC Council Period Twenty-Four (1/28/2021) To amend the Department of Insurance and Securities Regulation Establishment Act of 1996 to require the Commissioner of the Department of Insurance, Securities, and Banking to establish by a time certain a slavery era database of records relating to slaveholding; to establish the Reparations Foundation Fund to provide funds for reparations that may be distributed to certain District residents, and to establish the Reparations Task Force to study and develop reparation proposals for African Americans whose ancestors suffered as a result of the institution of slavery.... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Kendrick, Dar'shun 93rd; Mitchell, Billy 88th; Scott, Sandra 76th; Williams, Al 168th; Hutchinson, Shelly 107th; Schofield, Kim 60th 2021 GA H.R. 12 (NS) 2021 Georgia House Resolution No. 12, Georgia One Hundred Fifty-Sixth General Assembly - 2021-2022 Regular Session (1/13/2021) Congress; creation of a reparations study committee; express support House Resolution 12 By: Representatives Kendrick of the 93rd, Mitchell of the 88th, Scott of the 76th, Williams of the 168th, Hutchinson of the 107th, and others A RESOLUTION Expressing support for the creation of a reparations study committee by the 117th United States Congress and reaffirming this state's opposition to racial discrimination; and for other purposes. WHEREAS, millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved in the United States and the 13 American colonies, including the Georgia colony and... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Kendrick, Dar'shun 93rd; Mitchell, Billy 88th; Scott, Sandra 76th; Williams, Al 168th; Hutchinson, Shelly 107th; Schofield, Kim 60th 2021 GA H.R. 12 (NS) 2021 Georgia House Resolution No. 12, Georgia One Hundred Fifty-Sixth General Assembly - 2021-2022 Regular Session (1/14/2021) Congress; creation of a reparations study committee; express support House Resolution 12 By: Representatives Kendrick of the 93rd, Mitchell of the 88th, Scott of the 76th, Williams of the 168th, Hutchinson of the 107th, and others A RESOLUTION Expressing support for the creation of a reparations study committee by the 117th United States Congress and reaffirming this state's opposition to racial discrimination; and for other purposes. WHEREAS, millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved in the United States and the 13 American colonies, including the Georgia colony and... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Delegate W. Fisher 2021 MD H.B. 121 (NS) 2021 Maryland House Bill No. 121, Maryland 442nd Session of the General Assembly, 2021 (1/13/2021) State Government - Maryland Reparations Commission - Establishment (Harriet Tubman Community Investment Act) HOUSE BILL 121 D5, F2, I4 1lr1081 HB 1201/20 - HGO (PRE-FILED) By: Delegate W. Fisher Requested: October 22, 2020 Introduced and read first time: January 13, 2021 Assigned to: Health and Government Operations A BILL ENTITLED AN ACT concerning State Government - Maryland Reparations Commission - Establishment (Harriet Tubman Community Investment Act) FOR the purpose of establishing the Maryland Reparations Commission; providing for the composition, staffing, chair and vice... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Barron, Charles 2021 NY A.B. 2619 (NS) 2021 New York Assembly Bill No. 2619, New York Two Hundred Forty-Fourth Legislative Session (1/19/2021) BARRON, PRETLOW, DICKENS, AUBRY, WALKER, WILLIAMS, RICHARDSON, SOLAGES, PICHARDO, RODRIGUEZ, PEOPLES-STOKES, COOK, J. RIVERA, DE LA ROSA, PERRY, VANEL, HYNDMAN, CAHILL, JEAN-PIERRE, BICHOTTE HERMELYN, TAYLOR, DILAN, DARLING, JOYNER, BENEDETTO, EPSTEIN, REYES, FRONTUS, SIMON, RAMOS, FERNANDEZ, CRUZ, Relates to acknowledging the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the city of New York and the state of New York; establishes the New York state community commission on reparations remedies to examine the institution of slavery, subsequently de jure and de... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Barron, Charles 2021 NY A.B. 2619 (NS) 2021 New York Assembly Bill No. 2619, New York Two Hundred Forty-Fourth Legislative Session (6/4/2021) BARRON, PRETLOW, DICKENS, AUBRY, WALKER, WILLIAMS, RICHARDSON, SOLAGES, PICHARDO, RODRIGUEZ, PEOPLES-STOKES, COOK, J. RIVERA, DE LA ROSA, PERRY, VANEL, HYNDMAN, CAHILL, JEAN-PIERRE, BICHOTTE HERMELYN, TAYLOR, DILAN, DARLING, JOYNER, BENEDETTO, EPSTEIN, REYES, FRONTUS, SIMON, RAMOS, FERNANDEZ, CRUZ, Relates to acknowledging the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the city of New York and the state of New York; establishes the New York state community commission on reparations remedies to examine the institution of slavery, subsequently de jure and de... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Sanders, Jr., James 2021 NY S.B. 1118 (NS) 2021 New York Senate Bill No. 1118, New York Two Hundred Forty-Fourth Legislative Session (1/7/2021) SANDERS Relates to acknowledging the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the city of New York and the state of New York; establishes the New York state community commission on reparations remedies to examine the institution of slavery, subsequently de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, the impact of these forces on living African-Americans and to make recommendations on appropriate remedies; makes an appropriation therefor; and provides for the repeal of such provisions. STATE OF NEW YORK... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Brisport, Jabari (F) 2021 NY S.B. 7215 (NS) 2021 New York Senate Bill No. 7215, New York Two Hundred Forty-Fourth Legislative Session (6/7/2021) Establishes the New York state community commission on reparations remedies. STATE OF NEW YORK _ 7215 2021-2022 Regular Sessions IN SENATE June 7, 2021 _ Introduced by Sen. BRISPORT -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Rules AN ACT to acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality and inhumanity of slavery in the city of New York and the state of New York; to establish the New York state community commission on reparations remedies, to examine... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK 2021 OR S.B. 618 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Bill No. 618, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (1/11/2021) Relating to reparations for slavery. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Senate Bill 618 Sponsored by Senator FREDERICK (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) SUMMARY The following summary is not prepared by the sponsors of the measure and is not a part of the body thereof subject to consideration by the Legislative Assembly. It is an editor's brief statement of the essential features of the measure as introduced. Directs Oregon Department of Administrative Services to study methods of providing reparations for slavery to... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK 2021 OR S.B. 618 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Bill No. 618, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (1/11/2021) Relating to reparations for slavery. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Senate Bill 618 Sponsored by Senator FREDERICK (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) SUMMARY The following summary is not prepared by the sponsors of the measure and is not a part of the body thereof subject to consideration by the Legislative Assembly. It is an editor's brief statement of the essential features of the measure as introduced. Directs Oregon Department of Administrative Services to study methods of providing reparations for slavery to... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK 2021 OR S.B. 619 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Bill No. 619, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (1/11/2021) Relating to reparations for slavery. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Senate Bill 619 Sponsored by Senator FREDERICK (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) SUMMARY The following summary is not prepared by the sponsors of the measure and is not a part of the body thereof subject to consideration by the Legislative Assembly. It is an editor's brief statement of the essential features of the measure as introduced. Directs Department of Revenue to establish program to pay reparations to Black Oregonians who can demonstrate... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK 2021 OR S.B. 619 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Bill No. 619, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (1/11/2021) Relating to reparations for slavery. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Senate Bill 619 Sponsored by Senator FREDERICK (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) SUMMARY The following summary is not prepared by the sponsors of the measure and is not a part of the body thereof subject to consideration by the Legislative Assembly. It is an editor's brief statement of the essential features of the measure as introduced. Directs Department of Revenue to establish program to pay reparations to Black Oregonians who can demonstrate... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK, 2021 OR S.J.M. 4 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Joint Memorial No. 4, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (6/8/2021) Urging Congress to enact legislation to begin process of implementing reparations for African Americans based on slavery and discrimination. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Enrolled Senate Joint Memorial 4 Sponsored by Senators FREDERICK, MANNING JR; Senator WAGNER, Representatives DEXTER, KOTEK, PHAM, POWER, REARDON, REYNOLDS, SALINAS (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) To the President of the United States and the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled: We, your... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK, 2021 OR S.J.M. 4 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Joint Memorial No. 4, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (6/8/2021) Urging Congress to enact legislation to begin process of implementing reparations for African Americans based on slavery and discrimination. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Enrolled Senate Joint Memorial 4 Sponsored by Senators FREDERICK, MANNING JR; Senator WAGNER, Representatives DEXTER, KOTEK, PHAM, POWER, REARDON, REYNOLDS, SALINAS (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) To the President of the United States and the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled: We, your... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK 2021 OR S.J.M. 4 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Joint Memorial No. 4, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (1/11/2021) Urging Congress to enact legislation to begin process of implementing reparations for African Americans based on slavery and discrimination. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Senate Joint Memorial 4 Sponsored by Senator FREDERICK (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) SUMMARY The following summary is not prepared by the sponsors of the measure and is not a part of the body thereof subject to consideration by the Legislative Assembly. It is an editor's brief statement of the essential features of the measure as introduced.... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
SENATOR FREDERICK 2021 OR S.J.M. 4 (NS) 2021 Oregon Senate Joint Memorial No. 4, Oregon Eighty-First Legislative Assembly (1/11/2021) Urging Congress to enact legislation to begin process of implementing reparations for African Americans based on slavery and discrimination. 81st OREGON LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY--2021 Regular Session Senate Joint Memorial 4 Sponsored by Senator FREDERICK (at the request of former Representative Tiffiny Mitchell) (Presession filed.) SUMMARY The following summary is not prepared by the sponsors of the measure and is not a part of the body thereof subject to consideration by the Legislative Assembly. It is an editor's brief statement of the essential features of the measure as introduced.... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Reynolds 2021 TX H.C.R. 63 (NS) 2021 Texas House Concurrent Resolution No. 63, Texas Eighty-Seventh Legislature (3/12/2021) Urging Congress to pass H.R. 40 to establish the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African Americans. 87R10141 TBO-D By: Reynolds H.C.R. No. 63 CONCURRENT RESOLUTION WHEREAS, During a span of nearly 250 years, beginning in 1619 and continuing until 1865, millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved and forced into uncompensated labor in the United States and the 13 American colonies that preceded the founding of this nation; and WHEREAS, The enslavement of Africans and their descendants was constitutionally sanctioned by the final draft of the... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Reynolds 2021 TX H.C.R. 7 (NS) 2021 Texas House Concurrent Resolution No. 7, Texas Eighty-Seventh Legislature - 1st Called Session (7/7/2021) Urging Congress to pass H.R. 40 to establish the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African Americans. 87S10186 BHH-D By: Reynolds H.C.R. No. 7 CONCURRENT RESOLUTION WHEREAS, During a span of nearly 250 years, beginning in 1619 and continuing until 1865, millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved and forced into uncompensated labor in the United States and the 13 American colonies that preceded the founding of this nation; and WHEREAS, The enslavement of Africans and their descendants was constitutionally sanctioned by the final draft of the... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Reynolds 2021 TX H.C.R. 7 (NS) 2021 Texas House Concurrent Resolution No. 7, Texas Eighty-Seventh Legislature - 1st Called Session (7/8/2021) Urging Congress to pass H.R. 40 to establish the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African Americans. 87S10186 BHH-D By: Reynolds H.C.R. No. 7 CONCURRENT RESOLUTION WHEREAS, During a span of nearly 250 years, beginning in 1619 and continuing until 1865, millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved and forced into uncompensated labor in the United States and the 13 American colonies that preceded the founding of this nation; and WHEREAS, The enslavement of Africans and their descendants was constitutionally sanctioned by the final draft of the... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Reynolds 2021 TX H.C.R. 7 (NS) 2021 Texas House Concurrent Resolution No. 7, Texas Eighty-Seventh Legislature - 3rd Called Session (9/17/2021) Urging Congress to pass H.R. 40 to establish the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African Americans. 87S30146 CJM-D By: Reynolds H.C.R. No. 7 CONCURRENT RESOLUTION WHEREAS, During a span of nearly 250 years, beginning in 1619 and continuing until 1865, millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved and forced into uncompensated labor in the United States and the 13 American colonies that preceded the founding of this nation; and WHEREAS, The enslavement of Africans and their descendants was constitutionally sanctioned by the final draft of the... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Reynolds 2021 TX H.C.R. 7 (NS) 2021 Texas House Concurrent Resolution No. 7, Texas Eighty-Seventh Legislature - 3rd Called Session (9/27/2021) Urging Congress to pass H.R. 40 to establish the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African Americans. 87S30146 CJM-D By: Reynolds H.C.R. No. 7 CONCURRENT RESOLUTION WHEREAS, During a span of nearly 250 years, beginning in 1619 and continuing until 1865, millions of Africans and their descendants were enslaved and forced into uncompensated labor in the United States and the 13 American colonies that preceded the founding of this nation; and WHEREAS, The enslavement of Africans and their descendants was constitutionally sanctioned by the final draft of the... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Rep. Brian Cina; Rep. Tiffany Bluemle; Rep. Kevin Christie; Rep. Selene Colburn; Rep. Harold Hal" Colston; Rep. Mari Cordes; Rep. Taylor Small; Rep. Heather Surprenant; Rep. Tristan Toleno; Rep. Tanya Vyhovsky;" 2021 VT H.B. 387 (NS) 2021 Vermont House Bill No. 387, Vermont 2021-2022 Legislative Session (3/9/2021) This bill proposes to establish the Task Force to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for the Institution of Chattel Slavery to: (1) study and consider a State apology and proposal for reparations for the institution of slavery; and (2) make recommendations to the General Assembly on appropriate remedies. H.387 Introduced by Representatives Cina of Burlington, Bluemle of Burlington, Christie of Hartford, Colburn of Burlington, Colston of Winooski, Cordes of Lincoln, Small of Winooski, Surprenant of Barnard, Toleno of Brattleboro, and Vyhovsky of Essex Referred to Committee on Date:... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Young, Walker 2021 WV H.B. 2878 (NS) 2021 West Virginia House Bill No. 2878, West Virginia Eighty-Fifth Legislature - Regular Session, 2021 (3/3/2021) A BILL to amend the Codeof West Virginia, 1939, as amended, by adding thereto a new article, designatedas A5-30-1, A5-30-2, A5-30-3, A5-30-4, A5-30-5, A5-30-6, and A5-30-7, allrelating to establishing Aa task force to study and develop reparations forAfrican Americans; legislative findings; composition and authority; requiringreport to the Legislature; and providing that state level reparation actionsthat are undertaken as a result of this article are not a replacement for anyreparations enacted at the federal level. WEST virginia legislature 2021 regular session Introduced House Bill... Legislation (Proposed & Enacted)   2021
Christopher Burton 3/5THS TO 1/10TH, HOW TO MAKE BLACK AMERICA WHOLE: EXPLORING CONGRESSIONAL ACT H.R.40--COMMISSION TO STUDY AND DEVELOP REPARATION PROPOSALS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS ACT 54 UIC J. Marshall L. Rev. 530 (Summer, 2021) [UIC John Marshall Law Review] I. Introduction. 530 II. Background. 535 A. What Is H.R. 40?. 535 B. Historic Economic Disparities Among Black and White Americans. 537 1. The New Deal and Jim Crow. 538 2. The Racist Execution of the G.I. Bill. 541 C. History of Past Proposed Reparation Acts in the United States.. 544 1. Reparations to Japanese Americans Interned During World War... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Susan S. Kuo , Benjamin Means A CORPORATE LAW RATIONALE FOR REPARATIONS 62 B.C. L. Rev. 799 (March, 2021) [Boston College Law Review] Introduction. 800 I. Reparations and Ethical Individualism. 805 A. Arguments for Reparations. 805 B. Ethical Individualism. 807 C. Responses to Ethical Individualism. 811 1. Continuing Wrong. 811 2. Unjust Enrichment. 813 3. Moral Taint. 816 4. Collective Responsibility. 817 II. United States, Inc. 820 A. Consequences of Personhood. 821 B. The U.S.... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Alexis Hoag ABOLITION AS THE SOLUTION: REDRESS FOR VICTIMS OF EXCESSIVE POLICE FORCE 48 Fordham Urb. L.J. 721 (March, 2021) [Fordham Urban Law Journal] Introduction. 721 I. An Attempt at Redress: The Civil Rights Act of 1866. 726 II. Reconstruction Redux: 18 U.S.C. § 242. 730 III. Abolitionist Framework. 735 IV. Abolitionist Solutions. 738 A. Reparations. 739 B. Divest and Reinvest. 741 Conclusion. 742 Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Joshua Santangelo BANKRUPTING TRIBES: AN EXAMINATION OF TRIBAL SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY AS REPARATION IN THE CONTEXT OF SECTION 106(A) 37 Emory Bankr. Dev. J. 325 (2021) [Emory Bankruptcy Developments Journal] This Comment concerns section 106(a) of the Bankruptcy Code, which abrogates sovereign immunity of a State, a Commonwealth, a District, a Territory, a municipality, or a foreign state; or other foreign or domestic government. A circuit split exists as to whether this section applies to Native Nations. The Sixth Circuit interpreted this section to... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Jordan Williams Clyburn: Graham 'ought to be ashamed of himself' for calling aid to Black farmers 'reparations' (3/10/2021) [The Hill] House Majority Whip James Clyburn (D-S.C.) says that Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) ought to be ashamed of himself" for calling aid to Black farmers "reparations.'" Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
  Democrats debate timing and wisdom of reparations vote 2021 WL 1511472 (4/17/2021) Reparations advocates notched a historic victory this week when a House committee approved, for the first time, legislation to study whether Black Americans should receive restitution for slavery. Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Jordan Brewington DISMANTLING THE MASTER'S HOUSE: REPARATIONS ON THE AMERICAN PLANTATION 130 Yale L.J. 2160 (June, 2021) [Yale Law Journal] In southeastern Louisiana, many plantations still stand along River Road, a stretch of the route lining the Mississippi River that connects the former slave ports and present-day cities of New Orleans and Baton Rouge. Black communities along River Road have long experienced these plantations as sites of racialized harm. This Note constructs a... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
John Bowden Graham on COVID-19 aid to Black farmers: 'That's reparations' (3/10/2021) [The Hill] Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) on Tuesday sharply criticized a planned $5 billion fund for debt repayment targeting disadvantaged farmers in the COVID-19 stimulus package set to be passed by the House this week, calling it reparations."" Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Marty Johnson House panel approves bill to set up commission on reparations (4/14/2021) [The Hill] Legislation that would create a federal exploratory commission on reparations for Black Americans was approved Wednesday by a House committee for the first time, setting up a vote by the full Congress if Democratic leaders choose to bring it to the House floor. Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Marty Johnson House subpanel to hold hearing on reparations for Black Americans (2/16/2021) [The Hill] A House Judiciary subcommittee will host a hearing Wednesday to discuss the creation of a commission that would explore reparations for Black Americans, an idea long floated in Congress that has gained traction over the past year. Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Charlotte Verdon IMPROVING THE PRESENT TO REPAIR THE PAST: A PROPOSAL TO REDEFINE THE GUIDING PRINCIPLE OF REPARATION FOR GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS 53 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 587 (Winter, 2021) [New York University Journal of International Law & Politics] I. Introduction. 588 II. Restitutio in Integrum: An Inadequate Principle for the Reparation of Gross Violations of Human Rights Under International Law. 594 A. What Are Gross Violations of Human Rights and What Does It Mean to Repair Them?. 594 B. The Inadequacy of Restitutio in Integrum to Repair Gross Violations of Human Rights. 596 1. The... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
  Jarvis v. United States 154 Fed.Cl. 712, Docket Number: 21-1148C [United States Court of Federal Claims] (8/19/2021) NATIVE AMERICANS Jurisdiction. Court of Federal Claims lacked subject matter jurisdiction under Tucker Act to hear reparation claim based on historic treatment of Native Americans. Cases As of January 2, 2022, The case has been appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals or the U.S. Supreme Court (excluding appeals originating from agencies). 2021
  Lewis v. United States Slip Copy, Docket Number: 5:21-CV-156-TJC-PRL [United States District Court, M.D. Florida, Ocala Division] (4/13/2021) Plaintiff, who is proceeding pro se, is suing the United States for failing to pay him reparations for the enslavement of his ancestors. Plaintiff requests injunctive relief and damages. Plaintiff has filed a motion to proceed in forma pauperis. (Doc. 2). For the reasons discussed below, the motion is due to be denied and the complaint dismissed.... Cases   2021
Brooke Simone MUNICIPAL REPARATIONS: CONSIDERATIONS AND CONSTITUTIONALITY 120 Mich. L. Rev. 345 (November, 2021) [Michigan Law Review] Demands for racial justice are resounding, and in turn, various localities have considered issuing reparations to Black residents. Municipalities may be effective venues in the struggle for reparations, but they face a variety of questions when crafting legislation. This Note walks through key considerations using proposed and enacted reparations... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Aris Folley Obama says reparations 'justified' (2/25/2021) [The Hill] Former President Obama said earlier this week that the case for reparations for Black Americans is justified, but he added that the politics of white resistance and resentment, among other issues, made the prospect of pursuing the issue during his presidency a non-starter. Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Elizabeth D. Lauzon, J.D. Recoverability of Reparations from Corporations for Nazi-Related Conduct 6 A.L.R. Fed. 2d 279 (Originally published in 2005) (2021) [American Law Reports ALR Federal 2d] The Holocaust restitution movement is the recent use of civil litigation to remedy human rights abuses committed during the Nazi regime by obtaining financial restitution from corporations that profited from Nazi-related conduct. Before 1995, very few Nazi reparations suits were filed, with most of the cases being summarily dismissed. After 1995,... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Patrick Dankwa John REPARATIONS: 40 ACRES AND A MULE . WITH INTEREST 35-AUG CBA Rec. 35 (July/August, 2021) [CBA Record] For the answer to how the Negro's status came to be what it is does not lie essentially in the world of the Negro, but in the world of the white. In short, white America must assume the guilt for the black man's inferior status.--Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Where Do We Go From Here, 1967 The U.S. House of Representatives recently passed H.B. 40,... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Preston C. Green III , Bruce D. Baker , Joseph O. Oluwole SCHOOL FINANCE, RACE, AND REPARATIONS 27 Wash. & Lee J. Civil Rts. & Soc. Just. 483 (Spring, 2021) [Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice] C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 484 II. Part I: Separate-But-Equal Era. 486 III. Part II: Black-White School Funding Disparities in the Aftermath of Brown. 490 A. Property Taxes. 491 B. Insufficient General State Aid. 494 C. Stealth Inequalities. 495 IV. Part III: School Desegregation Litigation. 496 A. Hobson v. Hansen. 497 B. Milliken v.... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Briana P. Adams-Seaton SUGAR IS QUEEN: ANALYZING ANTIGUAN DESCENDANTS' CASE FOR REPARATIONS TO HARVARD UNIVERSITY 64 How. L.J. 409 (Winter, 2021) [Howard Law Journal] Introduction. 411 I. Historical Background of Reparations in the United States and the Caribbean. 414 A. The Fight for Reparations in the United States. 415 B. The Fight for Reparations in the Caribbean. 418 II. Unjust Enrichment: The Crux of Antigua's Reparations Claim. 419 A. Antiguan Slaves Conferred a Benefit upon Harvard University. 420 B.... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Caleb Harrison, calebharrison@icloud.com SUPERSESSION, REPARATIONS, AND RESTITUTION 19 J. Ethics & Soc. Phil. 148 (February, 2021) [Journal of Ethics & Social Philosophy] In superseding historic injustice, and in subsequent articles, Jeremy Waldron proposes and defends what he calls the Supersession Thesis. According to the Supersession Thesis, circumstances might be such that the demands of justice in the present can in some sense override the demands of justice arising from cases of historical injustice. Waldron... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Zinaida Miller THE INJUSTICES OF TIME: RIGHTS, RACE, REDISTRIBUTION, AND RESPONSIBILITY 52 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 647 (Winter, 2021) [Columbia Human Rights Law Review] Resurgent debates in U.S. law and politics over reparations and racialized inequality reflect what this Article argues is a significant transnational legal phenomenon: courts, policymakers, and social justice advocates mobilizing pasts of racial and ethnic violence and dispossession to justify competing rules for the distribution of resources and... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Robin Snyderman, Robin Rue Simmons THE REPARATIONS WORK UNDERWAY IN EVANSTON, IL: PROMOTING AN AFFIRMATIVE AND ACCOUNTABLE GOVERNMENT 30 J. Affordable Housing & Community Dev. L. 151 (2021) [Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law] Whether you agree that We are in an Era of Repair and that there is a growing momentum . around issues of racial justice, per a recent NPR story reflecting on Juneteenth, or you are simply appalled that the country's racial homeownership gap is worse now than it was before the enactment of the Civil Rights Act, you understand the importance of... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
Helena Alviar García TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE AND PROPERTY: INEXTRICABLY LINKED 17 Ann. Rev. L. & Soc. Sci. 227 (2021) [Annual Review of Law and Social Science] transitional justice, reparation, restitution, property redistribution, peace agreements This article analyzes the different ways in which transitional justice has dealt with demands over property restitution and redistribution. To do this, it presents a review of academic literature regarding how to define reparation, the justifications for... Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources   2021
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