Deborah Fowler , Madison Sloan , Dr. Ellen Stone Making the Case for a School-and-neighborhood Desegregation Approach to Deconstructing the School-to-prison Pipeline 42 University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review 723 (Summer, 2020) Last year marked the sixty-fifth anniversary of the Supreme Court of the United States' landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education. It also marked the twentieth anniversary of the Columbine school shooting, one of the high-profile tragedies that fast-tracked a shift in policy in the way that school discipline is handled across the country. In...; Search Snippet: ...J. Skiba et al., The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment , 34 Urb. Rev. 317... 2020 Most Relevant
Rainét N. Spence , Corresponding: Saved by the Bell: Reclaiming Home Court Advantage for At-risk Youth Funneled into the School-to-prison Pipeline 58 Family Court Review 227 (January, 2020) Far too often, minority students are faced with punitive disciplinary actions and are consequently directed to the school-to-prison pipeline. From education to discipline, implementation of policies that criminalize minor delinquent behavior pushes these students out of school and into the juvenile justice system. Traditional disciplinary actions...; Search Snippet: ...for specific schools. Part III outlines the negative impact of zero tolerance policies by exploring the presence of police and disparities among race and disabled students. This part explains some programs that were... 2020 Most Relevant
Andy Froelich The Increasingly Covert and Invasive Surveillance of Students and its Visible Role in the School-to-prison Pipeline 40 Children's Legal Rights Journal 118 (2020) Schools are places where we inculcate the values essential to the meaningful exercise of rights and responsibilities by a self-governing citizenry. If the Nation's students can be convicted through the use of arbitrary methods destructive of personal liberty, they cannot help but feel that they have been dealt with unfairly. American schools are...; Search Snippet: ...disciplinary decisions and, at least in part, explains the large racial disparities in the school- to- prison pipeline. [FN144] The new technological surveillance methods discussed above are... 2020 Most Relevant
Joanna R. Steele In the Little World: Breaking Virginia's Foster-care-to-prison Pipeline Using Restorative Justice 54 University of Richmond Law Review 313 (Annual Survey 2019) Introduction. 314 I. Virginia and the Foster-Care-to-Prison Pipeline. 314 A. Virginia's Foster Care System. 315 B. Virginia's Foster Care Population. 318 C. Termination of Parental Rights and Available Placements. 320 D. Counseling Services for Virginia's Foster Youth. 323 E. Virginia's Prison Pipelines. 324 II. Northern Ireland and its Out-of-Home... 2019 Most relevant
Josh Gupta-Kagan Reevaluating School Searches Following School-to-prison Pipeline Reforms 87 Fordham Law Review 2013 (April, 2019) The U.S. Supreme Court held in New Jersey v. T.L.O. that school officials could search students without a warrant and with only reasonable suspicion, not probable cause, because of schools' need for discipline and the relationship between educators and students. That case belongs to a body of Fourth Amendment cases involving, in T.L.O.'s terms,... 2019 Most relevant
Areto A. Imoukhuede The Right to Public Education and the School to Prison Pipeline 12 Albany Government Law Review 52 (2018-2019) The school-to-prison pipeline is a controversial concept and a disappointing reality. It refers to the draconian disciplinary trend of schools directly referring students to law enforcement or creating conditions under which students are more likely to become involved in the justice system-- such as suspending or expelling them. Public schools... 2019 Most relevant
Laila Hlass The School to Deportation Pipeline 34 Georgia State University Law Review 697 (Spring, 2018) The United States immigration regime has a long and sordid history of explicit racism, including limiting citizenship to free whites, excluding Chinese immigrants, deporting massive numbers of Mexican immigrants and U.S. citizens of Mexican ancestry, and implementing a national quotas system preferencing Western Europeans. More subtle bias has... 2019 Most Relevant
Tara Carone The School to Prison Pipeline: Widespread Disparities in School Discipline Based on Race 24 Public Interest Law Reporter 137 (Spring, 2019) The Great Equalizer. The Passport to the Future. The key to unlocking the door to the American dream. All of these catchphrases are suggestive of a longstanding American belief: that education allows people of all backgrounds to dramatically improve their situation in life. However, today and throughout history, an extraordinary amount of... 2019 Most relevant
  Arrested for a Belch in Gym Class: A.m. V. Holmes , Excessive Force on Schoolchildren, and Qualified Immunity 54 Criminal Law Bulletin ART 4 (No Date) Ramón A. Soto will graduate from the University of New Mexico School of Law in May 2018. He is the Professional Articles Editor for the New Mexico Law Review. Civil rights became Ramón's passion after clerking at Freedman Boyd Hollander Goldberg Urias & Ward. Named Partner, David H. Urias, hired Ramón as a summer law clerk. The firm acted as local... 2018 Most Relevant
DeAnna Baumle Creating the Trauma-to-prison Pipeline: How the U.s. Justice System Criminalizes Structural and Interpersonal Trauma Experienced by Girls of Color 56 Family Court Review 695 (October, 2018) The staggering number of girls in the juvenile justice system who have experienced abuse is described as the sexual-abuse-to-prison pipeline. However, this pipeline does not capture the entire picture, nor does it fully explain the unjustifiable disproportionality of girls of color and girls from low-income communities in the system. This article... 2018 Most relevant
Hon. Jay Blitzman Deconstructing the School-to-prison Pipeline 62 Boston Bar Journal B.J. 9 (Special Edition 2018) The Supreme Court has abolished the juvenile death penalty, mandatory juvenile life without parole, and in acknowledging the reality of adolescent brain development, has outlined a regime of proportional accountability. Children are constitutionally different than adults. Research has demonstrated that reducing detention also reduces recidivism by... 2018 Most relevant
Fatema Ghasletwala Examining the School-to-prison Pipeline: Sending Students to Prison Instead of School 32 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 19 (Summer, 2018) Juvenile delinquents are often thought of as intrinsically evil. These youths are blamed for their own plight, believed to be a result of innate character flaws. However, such an obtuse perception is problematic. In many cases, these juvenile delinquents were made delinquents by a faulty system, namely, the School-to-Prison Pipeline. The School-to-... 2018 Most relevant
Emily Bauer Infant Inmates: an Analysis of International Policy on Children Accompanying Parents to Prison 27 Michigan State International Law Review 93 (2018) Mass incarceration has created a class of innocent victims, namely, children of incarcerated parents. These children are only guilty of having an incarcerated parent yet are punished through parental separation and the accompanying detrimental effects on childhood development. International steps have been taken to solve this dire problem through... 2018 Most relevant
Eric Berger Lethal Injection and the Problem of Constitutional Remedies 27 Yale Law and Policy Review 259 (Spring 2009) Introduction. 260 I. An Overview of Lethal Injection. 263 A. The Three-Drug Protocol. 263 B. The Supreme Court's Fractured Decision in Baze v. Rees. 273 II. Remedial Anxieties and Lethal Injection. 280 A. How Remedy Constrains the Right. 280 1. Remedial Concerns in Baze. 283 2. Remedial Concerns in Other Lethal Injection Cases. 286 3. Concerns... 2018 Most relevant
Danielle Dankner No Child Left Behind Bars: Suspending Willful Defiance to Disassemble the School-to-prison Pipeline 51 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 577 (2018) With the criminalization of school discipline and the subsequent increased involvement between students and the juvenile justice system, a path from school to prison became entrenched. Public schools across the nation continued to increase their reliance on punitive disciplinary measures to punish a range of behaviors. Through these measures,... 2018 Most relevant
Greg Carter Repairing the Neglected Prison-to-school Pipeline: Increasing Federal Oversight of Juvenile Justice Education and Re-entry in the Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 25 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy 371 (Spring, 2018) I. Introduction. 372 II. Federal Role in Educational Programming in Juvenile Facilities. 375 A. Early History of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA). 376 B. Title I, Part D and No Child Left Behind (NCLB). 378 C. Changes in Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). 379 III. Problem:... 2018 Most relevant
Reginald Leamon Robinson Searching for the Parental Causes of the School-to-prison Pipeline Problem: a Critical, Conceptual Essay 32 Journal of Civil Rights & Economic Development 31 (Summer, 2018) I believe that we're all born good, uncorrupted and life itself does the corrupting. But, you know, someone like [these children] . [they] just [aren't] capable of something like this. In the extreme, moral poverty is the poverty of growing up surrounded by deviant, delinquent, and criminal adults in abusive, violence-ridden, fatherless, Godless,... 2018 Most relevant
Blakely Evanthia Simoneau Special Education in American Prisons: Risks, Recidivism, and the Revolving Door 15 Stanford Journal of Civil Rights & Civil Liberties 87 (June, 2019) The deprivation of public education is not like the deprivation of some other governmental benefit. Public education has a pivotal role in maintaining the fabric of our society and in sustaining our political and cultural heritage: the deprivation of education takes an inestimable toll on the social, economic, intellectual, and psychological... 2018 Most Relevant
Shameka Stanford , Bahiyyah Muhammad The Confluence of Language and Learning Disorders and the School-to-prison Pipeline among Minority Students of Color: a Critical Race Theory 26 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy and the Law 691 (2018) Introduction. 691 I. Decreased Access to Services for Minority Students with Language and Learning Disorders. 695 II. Zero Tolerance Policy in Schools. 699 III. Symbolic Racism: Harsh Disciplinary Laws in Low-Ses Title I Schools. 703 IV. The School-To-Prison Pipeline: Punishment Policy in Schools. 711 V. The Correlation Between Special Education... 2018 Most relevant
Bianca A. White The Invisible Victims of the School-to-prison Pipeline: Understanding Black Girls, School Push-out, and the Impact of the Every Student Succeeds Act 24 William and Mary Journal of Women and the Law 641 (Spring, 2018) Introduction I. Brief History II. Understanding Black Girlhood and the School-to-Prison Pipeline III. The Necessity of Programs for Black Girls IV. Every Student Succeeds Act V. Ending School Push-out Conclusion A stigma follows Black girls: they are said to be unruly, defiant, unsophisticated, and to have bad attitudes. This stigma is reinforced... 2018 Most relevant
Tyler B. Bugden Addressing Utah's School to Prison Pipeline 2017 Utah Law Review 1061 (2017) On May 19, 2011, thirteen-year-old middle school student F.M. was removed from his physical education class for generating fake burps that made the other students laugh and hampered class proceedings. Ms. Mines-Hornbeck, the middle school physical education teacher, requested assistance from the School Resource Officer (SRO), Officer Arthur... 2017 Most relevant
Nancy G. Abudu , Ron E. Miles Challenging the Status Quo: an Integrated Approach to Dismantling the School-to-prison Pipeline 30 Saint Thomas Law Review 56 (Fall, 2017) When it comes to challenging school disciplinary policies that have an especially disparate and negative impact on students of color and students with disabilities, courts cannot be the sole or final arbiter for addressing this serious problem. Rather than acting as a discouraging force, courts routinely uphold these disruptive school disciplinary... 2017 Most relevant
Leah Aileen Hill Disrupting the Trajectory: Representing Disabled African American Boys in a System Designed to Send Them to Prison 45 Fordham Urban Law Journal 201 (December, 2017) This Essay presents the narrative of three African American brothers as they journey through the special education system. Their narrative illustrates the human cost of the failure to implement reforms meant to combat the systemic inequality that supports the school-to-prison pipeline. The brothers' narrative is shaped by several factors all too... 2017 Most relevant
William Stacy Johnson God Vs. The Gavel: Religion and the Rule of Law. By Marci A. Hamilton. Cambridge University Press 2005. Pp. 408. $28.00. Isbn: 0-521-85304-4. 22 Journal of Law and Religion 287 (2006-2007) Marci A. Hamilton, Paul R. Verkuill Chair in Public Law at Cardozo School of Law, has written an engaging and copiously researched book on the place of religious communities in a democratic republic. The ample case studies alone make this an important contribution. Nevertheless, Hamilton's approach to religious liberty is misguided. Hamilton... 2017 Most Relevant
Yasser Arafat Payne , Tara Marie Brown It's Set up for Failure . And They Know This!: How the School-to-prison Pipeline Impacts the Educational Experiences of Street Identified Black Youth and Young Adults 62 Villanova Law Review 307 (2017) I had dropped out in the 10th grade . 'cause, I was bad . all I wanted to do was crimes and fight and sell drugs. Like, school wasn't for me .. Before I got into that type of phase, a lot of my teachers were disrespectful, [and they] told me that I wouldn't be successful. I've even been hit by teachers. And, I've always been a very smart, educated... 2017 Most relevant
Steven L. Nelson, J.D., Ph.D. Racial Subjugation by Another Name? Using the Links in the School-to-prison Pipeline to Reassess State Takeover District Performance 9 Georgetown Journal of Law & Modern Critical Race Perspectives Persp. 1 (Spring, 2017) The state takeover of locally governed schools in predominately black communities has not disrupted the racial subjugation of black people in the United States. Using proportional analyses and the cities of Detroit, Memphis, and New Orleans as sites, the researcher finds that state takeover districts have not consistently disrupted the school-to-... 2017 Most relevant
Lanette Suarez Restraints, Seclusion, and the Disabled Student: the Blurred Lines Between Safety and Physical Punishment 71 University of Miami Law Review 859 (Spring, 2017) Introduction. 860 I. Restraints, Seclusion, Corporal Punishment, and the Failure of the Education System. 864 A. Disabled Children and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. 865 B. History and Use of Restraints, Seclusion, and Corporal Punishment in Schools. 867 C. Current Laws and Practices. 870 1. Department of Education Guidelines. 870... 2017 Most Relevant
Rocío Rodríguez Ruiz School-to-prison Pipeline: an Evaluation of Zero Tolerance Policies and Their Alternatives 54 Houston Law Review 803 (Winter, 2017) Although our country's education system historically focused on rehabilitative measures, concerns about school violence led to an increased use of punitive measures during the 1990s. Reliance on harsh penalties has grown over time, leading to the strengthening of the school-to-prison pipeline: a nationwide phenomenon that criminalizes student... 2017 Most relevant
  Strengthening Our Cities 4 Belmont Law Review 159 (2017) Representative Akbari: Hello, everyone. First of all, thank you so much for having me at Belmont. It's a beautiful day to be in law school. This is a gorgeous law school. Fortunately, I have not had to come into one for seven years now. [Laughter.] Anyway, I'm really excited about the topic that I'm going to talk about today. I represent District... 2017 Most relevant
Josh Gupta-Kagan The School-to-prison Pipeline's Legal Architecture: Lessons from the Spring Valley Incident and its Aftermath 45 Fordham Urban Law Journal 83 (December, 2017) Introduction. 84 I. Case Study: The Spring Valley Incident and the School-to-Prison Pipeline in South Carolina. 91 A. The October 26, 2015 Spring Valley High School Incident. 92 B. The Incident's Aftermath. 94 C. Why Focus on Spring Valley and South Carolina?. 97 1. Spring Valley and South Carolina Illustrate the Pipeline's Legal Architecture. 97... 2017 Most relevant
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