Elsie Hayford , Marice Ashe SYSTEMS THINKING AND GLOBAL HEALTH GOVERNANCE 49 Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 563 (Summer, 2021) C1-2Table of Contents I. Introduction. 565 II. Global Health Treaties and Governance. 565 III. WHO Systems Building Blocks. 566 IV. Healthcare Worker Rights. 567 V. Disparities in National COVID-19 Responses. 569 A. France and New Zealand. 569 B. Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. 570 VI. Law as a Tool for Improved Pandemic Response. 570 VII.... 2021
Adriaan Lanni TAKING RESTORATIVE JUSTICE SERIOUSLY 69 Buffalo Law Review 635 (May, 2021) Those seeking to reduce mass incarceration have increasingly pointed to restorative justice--an approach that typically brings those affected by a criminal offense together in an attempt to address the harm caused by the offense rather than to mete out punishment. This Article is an attempt to think seriously about incorporating restorative justice... 2021
  The Constitutional Role of the Insanity Defense: Does Law's History Matter? 57 Criminal Law Bulletin 2 (San Diego L. Rev.) A.B. University of Michigan; J.D. Harvard Law School; Associate Professor, University of Auckland School of Law. An earlier version of this Article was presented at the Australian and New Zealand Legal History Society Annual Conference 2019 at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia. The author acknowledges the traditional custodians of the... 2021
Janel A. George THE END OF "PERFORMATIVE SCHOOL DESEGREGATION": REIMAGINING THE FEDERAL ROLE IN DISMANTLING SEGREGATED EDUCATION 22 Rutgers Race & the Law Review 189 (2021) Research demonstrates that current trends of racial segregation in public education rival rates that preceded the Brown v. Board of Education ruling. The social and economic consequences of segregation are profound. Although these consequences are well known, little has been done to dismantle school segregation. While federal courts have espoused... 2021
Barbara A. Fedders THE END OF SCHOOL POLICING 109 California Law Review 1443 (August, 2021) Police officers have become permanent fixtures in public schools. The sharp increase in the number of school police officers over the last twenty years has generated a substantial body of critical legal scholarship. Critics question whether police make students safer. They argue that any safety benefits must be weighed against the significant role... 2021
Stephen D. Sugarman THE FAILED QUEST FOR EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY: REGULATING EDUCATION THE WAY WE REGULATE BUSINESS 50 Journal of Law and Education 113 (Spring, 2021) The past half century has seen wave after wave of efforts across the U.S. through which regulatory reformers have sought to achieve equal educational opportunity in our elementary and secondary school system. In this Article, I show how these efforts map onto changing approaches to economic regulation in general. More precisely, those seeking to... 2021
Gregory S. Parks THE FAILURE OF ZERO-TOLERANCE POLICIES IN ADDRESSING HAZING 126 Penn State Law Review Penn Statim 1 (2021) Hazing is a moral, legal, and existential issue that has spanned generations, cutting across institutions and organizations. A common approach to addressing it is zero-tolerance policies--whether in word or in practice. Zero-tolerance policies are designed to stamp out hazing by severely sanctioning perpetrators. The problem is that zero-tolerance... 2021
Martha McCarthy, Ph.D. THE FATE OF STUDENT OFF-CAMPUS EXPRESSION: MAHANOY AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT v. B.L. 387 West's Education Law Reporter 439 (May 13, 2021) On January 8, 2021, the Supreme Court agreed to review the Third Circuit's decision in Mahanoy Area School District v. B.L. This will be the high court's first ruling pertaining to student off-campus speech, as it previously has declined to review cases involving student electronic expression originating off school grounds. The Third Circuit in... 2021
Nicole Smith Futrell THE PRACTICE AND PEDAGOGY OF CARCERAL ABOLITION IN A CRIMINAL DEFENSE CLINIC 45 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 159 (2021) Current social and racial justice movements have helped to advance deeper interest in the long-standing work of carceral abolitionists. Abolitionists understand that the criminal legal process ineffectively uses state-sanctioned violence, surveillance, punishment, and exclusion to address, and counterproductively perpetuate, the underlying problems... 2021
Andrew D. Leipold THE PUZZLE OF CLEARANCE RATES, AND WHAT THEY CAN TELL US ABOUT CRIME, POLICE REFORM, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE 56 Wake Forest Law Review 47 (2021) Recent incidents of police violence have led to widespread reform efforts, from modest proposals to change police practices to dramatic attempts to slash funding or abolish the police entirely. But largely ignored in the debate is a simple question: How well is law enforcement currently performing its core functions? In particular, how good are the... 2021
Artika R. Tyner THE RACIAL WEALTH GAP: STRATEGIES FOR ADDRESSING THE FINANCIAL IMPACT OF MASS INCARCERATION ON THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY 28 George Mason Law Review 885 (Spring, 2021) The wealth gap between blacks and whites is projected to take 228 years to bridge, which may appear to be an insurmountable challenge. Yet, identifying the challenge and facing the reality of its contributing factors is the first step towards addressing the issue. Economists and scholars have identified many contributing factors influencing this... 2021
Raymond J. McKoski THE REFUSAL OF SUPREME COURT NOMINEES TO DISCUSS LEGAL, POLITICAL, AND SOCIAL ISSUES AT SENATE CONFIRMATION HEARINGS: ETHICAL OBLIGATION OR SURVIVAL STRATEGY? 73 South Carolina Law Review 27 (Autumn, 2021) Supreme Court nominees routinely refuse to discuss their personal views on legal, political, and social issues with members of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Nominees assert that judicial ethics rules prohibit them from discussing any issue that might come before the Court. So, abortion, the death penalty, presidential powers, racial equality,... 2021
James Naughton THE SCHOOL FOIA PROJECT: UNCOVERING RACIAL DISPARITIES IN SCHOOL DISCIPLINE AND HOW TO RESPOND 52 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 1045 (Summer, 2021) Since 1984, Illinois has had a Freedom of Information Act law on the books that allows anyone--including educational advocates--to request public records. This creates a useful avenue to access and review records for any public entity, including public school districts. This Article proposes that FOIA creates a powerful pathway for educational... 2021
Charlotte Baughman, Tehra Coles, Jennifer Feinberg, Hope Newton THE SURVEILLANCE TENTACLES OF THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM 11 Columbia Journal of Race and Law 501 (July, 2021) The family regulation system identifies families through the use of widespread, cross-system surveillance for the purported purpose of keeping children safe. But the system does not surveil all families equally, leading to the disproportionate impact of family regulation on Black, Brown, and Native families, and fails to protect while causing more... 2021
Brence D. Pernell THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT AND EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY 39 Yale Law and Policy Review 420 (Spring, 2021) Inequities for Black Americans, including educational ones, are now often rooted in neutral policies--ones facially innocent, but effectively discriminatory. This Article helps establish the Thirteenth Amendment as a viable alternative in antidiscrimination law for challenging such policies. While undoing these policies has traditionally been the... 2021
Brandon Hasbrouck THE UNCONSTITUTIONAL POLICE 56 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 239 (Summer, 2021) Most Fourth Amendment cases arise under a basic fact pattern. Police decide to do something--say, stop and frisk a suspect. They find some crime--say, a gun or drugs--they arrest the suspect, and the suspect is subsequently charged with a crime. The suspect--who is all too often Black--becomes a defendant and challenges the police officers' initial... 2021
Abigail W. Mahoney THE WILLIAMS COMPLAINT AND THE ROLE OF THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN EDUCATION ADEQUACY: "YOU COUNT; DO WELL" 62 Boston College Law Review 659 (February, 2021) Students attending under-resourced public schools are held to the same statewide standards as their peers in wealthier districts, but are attempting to learn under conditions of neglect. In most states, students lacking qualified teachers, safe classrooms, textbooks, and other learning resources have no power to change their learning... 2021
Alyssa Nielsen TIME'S UP: SCHOOLS NEED TO TEACH STUDENTS ABOUT SEXUAL HARASSMENT 46 Brigham Young University Law Review 921 (2021) C1-2Contents I. Current State of the Law: Title IX Liability Under Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education. 923 A. Overview of Actual Knowledge Standard. 925 B. Overview of Deliberate Indifference Standard. 928 C. Overview of Severity Standard. 931 II. Presumptions Underlying Davis. 932 A. The Court's Reasoning. 933 1. Student sexual... 2021
Kelsey Scarlett, Lexi Weyrick TRANSFORMING THE FOCUS: AN INTERSECTIONAL LENS IN SCHOOL RESPONSE TO SEX DISCRIMINATION 57 California Western Law Review 391 (Spring, 2021) Intersectionality refers to the reality that a person's different identities (such as race, gender, and class, among others) exist simultaneously and when taken as a whole are what inform the discrimination they face. When Title IX, a law prohibiting sex discrimination in educational settings, was first passed by Congress in 1972, the only identity... 2021
Hon. Jay D. Blitzman (ret.) , Steven F. Kreager, Esq. TRANSPARENCY AND FAIRNESS: OPEN THE DOORS 102 Massachusetts Law Review 38 (April, 2021) In addressing the evolving narrative regarding lifting the veil of secrecy that has traditionally characterized closed child welfare and juvenile delinquency proceedings, this article argues that greater transparency is a necessary component in realizing the therapeutic role of fundamental fairness and due process and is consistent with the... 2021
E. Christi Cunningham TRAUMATIZED SYSTEMS THEORY: ACCOUNTABILITY FOR RECURRENT SYSTEMIC HARM 71 Case Western Reserve Law Review 987 (Spring, 2021) C1-2Contents Introduction. 988 I. Recurrent Systemic Harm. 991 A. Defining Systems. 991 B. Examples of Recurrent Systemic Harm. 995 1. Corporate Risk-Taking. 995 2. Systemic Racism. 996 3. Artificial Intelligence. 997 II. Trauma and Trauma Response. 998 A. Trauma. 998 B. Perpetrator Trauma: Trauma to Those who Inflict Trauma. 1002 C. Trauma... 2021
Jyoti Nanda WEB OF INCARCERATION: SCHOOL-BASED PROBATION 21 Nevada Law Journal 1117 (Spring, 2021) Close to three quarters of a million cases flow through the United States' juvenile justice system annually. Juvenile probation is the mostly commonly utilized form of sentencing, yet juvenile probation has not been the focus of sustained research or analysis. This Article focuses on School-Based Probation, a type of juvenile probation program that... 2021
Brianna D. Gaddy WHAT'S HAIR GOT TO DO WITH IT?: HOW SCHOOL HAIR POLICIES VIOLATE THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION 6 ALR Accord 155 (March 31, 2021) Introduction. 156 I. Background. 158 A. Discriminatory Hair Policies. 158 II. Analysis. 160 A. History of Black Hair in the United States. 160 B. Data on School Discipline. 163 C. Combatting Discriminatory School Hair Policies Through State and Federal Action. 165 1. CROWN Act. 165 2. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act. 170 III. Recommendations. 171... 2021
Peggy Nicholson WHEN VIRTUAL DISCIPLINE BECOMES VIRTUAL SUSPENSION: PROTECTING THE DUE PROCESS RIGHTS OF VIRTUAL LEARNERS 50 Journal of Law and Education 133 (Fall, 2021) It is well established that public school students do not shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door. But what about when the schoolhouse door is a computer screen, with students entering and exiting the learning environment from the comfort of their homes through an internet-enabled device? The rise of virtual learning, expedited... 2021
Aya Gruber WHEN WE BREATHE: RE-ENVISIONING SAFETY AND JUSTICE IN A POST-FLOYD ERA 18 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 693 (Spring, 2021) Thank you so much for inviting me to give this lecture. I have heard about the Bod Squad, and had been looking forward to meeting in person, but alas our lives are on Zoom for the moment. Thank you, Dean Davies, Connie Bodiker, Amy Bodiker-Baskes, and Fred Isaac for making this event possible. I also want to express my gratitude to the... 2021
Elsa Haag WHO PROTECTS WHOM: FEDERAL LAW AS A FLOOR, NOT A CEILING, TO PROTECT STUDENTS FROM INAPPROPRIATE USE OF FORCE BY SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICERS 16 Duke Journal of Constitutional Law & Public Policy Sidebar 187 (March 17, 2021) Over the past forty years, students in the U.S. have experienced increasingly strict school discipline policies and increased police presence in schools. The proportion of U.S. schools patrolled by police increased from about 1 percent in 1975 to nearly 50 percent in 2017. Legislators and policy makers have sent police, often called school... 2021
T. Andrew Brown WHY ALL LAWYERS SHOULD CARE ABOUT EDUCATION 93-OCT New York State Bar Journal 4 (September/October, 2021) As students of all ages return to schools and campuses across the country this fall, we are once again reminded of the many doors in life that are only opened through education. Despite growing up in a family of little means, I was fortunate to be raised in a household that valued the importance of education and knew that that was the pathway to... 2021
Caroline A. Foster YOUR HOME, THE NEW CLASSROOM: HOW PUBLIC-SCHOOL ZOOM USE ENCROACHES INTO FAMILY PRIVACY 22 Journal of High Technology Law 131 (2021) When COVID-19 struck the world in mid-March 2020, school closures in the United States prompted school officials to restructure learning to an online platform. As a result of this transition to online learning, Zoom quickly rose to the forefront of platforms utilized by schools due to its video conferencing capabilities. Zoom became a desirable... 2021
Aya Gruber #Metoo and Mass Incarceration 17 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 275 (Spring, 2020) When I was a law student and an aspiring criminal lawyer, I always felt mired in a feminist defense attorney dilemma. On the one hand, I was intimately familiar with the harms of sexual assault and firmly believed that gender crimes reflected and reinforced women's second-class status. On the other, I was involved in public defense and...; Search Snippet: ...raped at levels that nobody has ever seen before. [FN22] Zero tolerance necessarily occurs against the backdrop of rape law's racist past and present. Many #MeToo devotees know that the U.S... 2020
Charisa Smith #Whoami?: Harm and Remedy for Youth of the #Metoo Era 23 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law and Social Change 295 (2020) Legal approaches to sexual and gender-based harms between minors are both ineffective and under-examined. Despite the #MeToo movement, the flashpoint confirmation hearing of Supreme Court Justice Kavanaugh involving alleged high school peer sexual assault, and heightened public awareness, fundamental issues regarding individuals under age eighteen...; Search Snippet: ...American schools function. ); Verna L. Williams, Title IX and Discriminatory School Discipline, 6 Tenn. J. Race, Gender & Soc. Just. 67, 67-76, 79-80 (2017) (urging... 2020
Tomar Pierson-Brown (Systems) Thinking like a Lawyer 26 Clinical Law Review 515 (Spring, 2020) This Article discusses systems thinking as an innovative approach to contextualizing legal advocacy. Systems thinking, a paradigm that emphasizes universal interconnectivity, provides a theoretical basis for parsing the structural environment in which law-related problems emerge and are addressed. From the array of conceptions about what it means...; Search Snippet: ...§ 300.534 . For a more nuanced explanation of the school- to- prison pipeline, see Thalia González, Keeping Kids in Schools: Restorative Justice, Punitive Discipline, and the School to Prison Pipeline , 41 J.L. & Educ. 281 (2012) ; Jason P. Nance, Dismantling the School- to- Prison Pipeline: Tools for Change , 48 Ariz. St. L.J. 313 (2016) ; and Chauncee Smith, Deconstructing the Pipeline: Evaluating School... 2020
Anders Walker [Dis]integration: Second-order Diversity and Schools 109 Georgetown Law Journal Online 21 (Summer, 2020) This Article challenges the prevailing definition of diversity. Borrowing from Heather Gerken, it argues that diversity is best understood not simply as a rationale for creating integrated spaces, but also [dis]integrated ones-- places where minority students and faculty can occupy majority positions and are able to exercise majority control. Such...; Search Snippet: ...supra note 92. See Linsey Edwards, Homogeneity and Inequality: School Discipline Inequality and the Role of Racial Composition , 95 Soc. Forces 55, 55-56 (2016); Karl L... 2020
Kamali Houston A Classroom as an Opportunity to Learn, Not an Obligation to Fill a Seat: Accommodating Hidden Disabilities in Marginalized Communities 63 Howard Law Journal 431 (Spring, 2020) I . am unsatisfied with the hope of an ultimate political solution sometime in the indefinite future while, in the meantime, countless children unjustifiably receive inferior educations that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely to ever be undone. --Justice Marshall, dissenting in San Antonio Indep. Sch. Dist. v. Rodriguez, 441...; Search Snippet: ...were struck down were implemented in an effort to mitigate racist discipline in schools that contribute to the school- to- prison pipeline. [FN165] In rescinding the guidelines, DeVos has long said... 2020
Carlton Waterhouse African American Reparations: a Rough Sketch of the Road to Educational and Economic Restoration 63 Howard Law Journal 393 (Spring, 2020) In America and throughout modern societies, institutions provide the context in which generations pass on values and resources to future generations. Institutions also represent the means by which prominent African American leaders struggled against the oppression of slavery and segregation and passed on their resources to future generations....; Search Snippet: .... See F. Chris Curran Estimating the Effect of State Zero Tolerance Laws on Exclusionary Discipline, Racial Discipline Gaps, and Student Behavior, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis... 2020
John Marinelli Another Brick in the Wall: a Call for Reform to Maryland's Disturbing-school Law 57 American Criminal Law Review Online 119 (Spring, 2020) On a December day in 2013, fourteen-year-old Qoyasha left class without permission and led administrators on a chase through the halls of his Salisbury, Maryland middle school. Qoyasha eventually returned to his technology classroom, but when school officials finally caught up to him, he refused to accompany them to the principal's office. Unable...; Search Snippet: ...roughly equal levels of misconduct among racial groups. [FN21] The school- to- prison pipeline thus fuels racial discrimination as well as over-incarceration. 3. Negative Effects Interaction... 2020
Mckenna Kohlenberg Booked but Can't Read: "Functional Literacy," National Citizenship, and the New Face of Dred Scott in the Age of Mass Incarceration 44 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 213 (2020) For Black men in the contemporary age of mass incarceration, the consequences of functional illiteracy are devastating. 70% of America's adult incarcerated population and 85% of juveniles who interface with the juvenile court system are functionally illiterate, which extends beyond the ability to read and includes the development of problem-solving...; Search Snippet: ...Acknowledging the racialized illiteracy crisis in Madison and the district's racial disparities in school discipline, MMSD School Board President Gloria Reyes contends that the good work teachers are doing to support the district's anti- racism efforts also should be recognized. [FN370] Consider Michelle Alexander's words... 2020
Abbe Smith Can You Be a Feminist and a Criminal Defense Lawyer? 57 American Criminal Law Review 1569 (Fall, 2020) Young people in the current cultural generation seem to like the word literally. They use it often and with great feeling, though not necessarily accurately. Law students will exclaim, for example, that the length of reading assignments is literally killing them. Young public defenders will complain that judges and prosecutors are literally...; Search Snippet: women face particular peril because of the ways that race and culture have not been sufficiently considered in the analysis... 2020
Maryrose Robson Charters' Disregard for Disability: an Examination of Problems and Solutions Surrounding Student Discipline 29 Boston University Public Interest Law Journal 353 (Summer, 2020) Introduction. 354 I. Disability and Discipline in Charter Schools: An Overview of the Issues. 358 A. What Makes Charter Schools Special?. 359 B. Current Problems with Student Discipline. 360 II. Federal Legal Protections for Students with Disabilities. 362 A. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. 363 1. Free and Appropriate Public Education...; Search Snippet: ...Public Policy and Education Fund of New York, Systemic Racism & New York State's School to Prison Pipeline 12 (2019) (finding that one report stated that New York's laws and policies on school discipline favor harsh, exclusionary punishments that unfairly target students of color... 2020
Nancy E. Dowd Children's Equality Rights: Every Child's Right to Develop to Their Full Capacity 41 Cardozo Law Review 1367 (April, 2020) Children are born equal. Yet as early as eighteen months, hierarchies emerge among children. These hierarchies are not random but fall into patterns by race, gender, and class. They are not caused nor voluntarily chosen by children or their parents. The hierarchies grow, persist, and are made worse by systems and policies created by the state,...; Search Snippet: ...of students placed in alternative schools, at the intersection of race and disability, Barbara Fedders, Schooling at Risk , 103 Iowa L... 2020
Nancy E. Dowd Children's Equality: the Centrality of Race, Gender, and Class 47 Fordham Urban Law Journal 231 (February, 2020) Hierarchies among children dramatically impact their development. Beginning before birth, and continuing during their progression to adulthood from birth to age 18, structural and cultural barriers separate and subordinate some children, while they privilege others. The hierarchies replicate patterns of inequality along familiar lines, particularly...; Search Snippet: ...differential treatment begins even earlier. See Tom Rudd, Kirwan Inst., Racial Disproportionality in School Discipline: Implicit Bias Is Heavily Implicated 2 (2014), racial-disproportionality-schools-02.pdf [] ( Black students as... 2020
Jacque Phillips, Elie Zwiebel, Rachel Dore, Igor Raykin, Makenzie Bogart, Michael Nolt Colorado School Discipline Law: Gaps and Goals 97 Denver Law Review 347 (Winter, 2020) This Article emphasizes the problem in Colorado with school discipline laws that fail to protect children. The school-to-prison pipeline runs strong for students of color, students with disabilities, and LGBTQIA students in particular. A comparison with the other states in the Tenth Circuit is included. However, as long as the Trump Administration...; Search Snippet: ...withdrew Obama Administration guidance instructing school districts to reduce both racial disparities in school discipline as well as the use of exclusionary disciplinary practices. [FN1... 2020
Clare Huntington , Elizabeth S. Scott Conceptualizing Legal Childhood in the Twenty-first Century 118 Michigan Law Review 1371 (May, 2020) The law governing children is complex, sometimes appearing almost incoherent. The relatively simple framework established in the Progressive Era, in which parents had primary authority over children, subject to limited state oversight, has broken down over the past few decades. Lawmakers started granting children some adult rights and privileges,...; Search Snippet: ...of Educ., Dear Colleague Letter on the Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline (2014) [hereinafter Obama Dear Colleague Letter], 2020
Kimberly Jenkins Robinson Designing the Legal Architecture to Protect Education as a Civil Right 96 Indiana Law Journal 51 (Fall, 2020) Although education has always existed at the epicenter of the battle for civil rights, federal and state law and policy fail to protect education as a civil right. This collective failure harms a wide array of our national interests, including our foundational interests in an educated democracy and a productive workforce. This Article proposes...; Search Snippet: ...School to Justice in Court: Seeking Litigation Approaches to Challenge Racial Disparities in School Discipline , 17 Conn. Pub. Int. L.J. 87, 92 (2017) . Lawrence... 2020
Kevin E. Jason Dismantling the Pillars of White Supremacy: Obstacles in Eliminating Disparities and Achieving Racial Justice 23 CUNY Law Review 139 (Winter, 2020) Introduction. 140 I. A Tale of Two Americas Still Persists Today Between People of Color and Whites. 142 II. The Four Pillars Of White Supremacy: A Proposed Framework and Illustration Through Housing Policies. 148 A. Recognizing the Four Pillars of White Supremacy. 148 B. The Four Pillars at Work in Government-Led and Government-Sanctioned Housing...; Search Snippet: ...10, 2018), See Moriah Balingit, Racial Disparities in School Discipline Are Growing, Federal Data Show Wash. Post (Apr. 24, 2018... 2020
Teri Dobbins Baxter Dying for Equal Protection 71 Hastings Law Journal 535 (April, 2020) When health policy experts noticed that health outcomes for African Americans were consistently worse than those of their White counterparts, many in the health care community assumed that the poor outcomes could be blamed on poverty and lifestyle choices. Subsequent research told a different story. Studies repeatedly showed that neither money, nor...; Search Snippet: ...Cases) See Nance, supra note 18, at 929 (noting racial disparities in school discipline); Alexander supra note 15, at 124 (noting that the decision... 2020
Erin M. Carr Educational Equality and the Dream That Never Was: the Confluence of Race-based Institutional Harm and Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) in Post-brown America 12 Georgetown Journal of Law & Modern Critical Race Perspectives 115 (Fall, 2020) C1-3Table of Contents I. Introduction. 115 II. Trauma, Institutional Racism, and Cognitive Development: The Trifecta of Childhood Harm. 116 III. Educational Equality: The Dream That Never Was. 123 IV. The School-to-Prison Pipeline as the Manifestation and Perpetuation of Race-Base Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). 126 V. Recommendations for a...; Search Snippet: ...Educational Equality: The Dream That Never Was 123 IV. The School- to- Prison Pipeline as the Manifestation and Perpetuation of Race-Base Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) 126 V. Recommendations for a... 2020
Morgan Craven, J.D., Paula Johnson, Ph.D., Terrence Wilson, J.D. Eradicating the School-to-prison Pipeline Through a Comprehensive Approach to School Equity 42 University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review 703 (Summer, 2020) When examining the school-to-prison pipeline, most focus on issues of exclusionary discipline, the presence of police in schools, or the use of intrusive surveillance and monitoring systems. To close the pipeline, agencies, educators, and advocates must also examine other, broader factors that contribute to educational inequities. We argue in this...; Search Snippet: ...exploding in the 1990s. [FN9] The expansion in schools of zero- tolerance policies that encouraged immediate and harsh punishments, even for minor... 2020
Andrew Koppelman Gay Rights, Religious Liberty, and the Misleading Racism Analogy 2020 Brigham Young University Law Review 1 (2020) C1-2Contents I. As Evil as Racism. 3 II. Seven Analogies. 7 A. Destructive Effects. 7 B. Falsehood. 7 C. Evil. 9 D. Disgust. 17 E. Floodgates. 18 F. Violence and Cruelty. 21 G. Insult. 28 III. I'm Not Going to Hurt You. 30; Search Snippet: ...laws are offered, they collide with another, equally powerful principle: zero tolerance for racism and similar malign ideologies. Religious accommodation is often made available... 2020
Jennifer Carlson Gun Studies and the Politics of Evidence 16 Annual Review of Law and Social Science 183 (2020) firearms, gun culture, gun politics, gun violence, Second Amendment This review is about scholarly contributions to a hotly debated issue--gun policy. Teasing apart the politics of evidence within gun politics, it examines both how research agendas shape gun policy and politics as well as how gun policy and politics shape research agendas. To do...; Search Snippet: ..827-48 Kupchik A. 2009. Things are tough all over: race, ethnicity, class and school discipline. Punishm. Soc. 11(3):291-317 Lee CKY. 1996. Race... 2020
Athena D. Mutua Liberalism's Identity Politics: a Response to Professor Fukuyama 23 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law and Social Change 27 (2020) INTRODUCTION. 27 I. FUKUYAMA'S ARGUMENT, BRIEFLY OUTLINED. 28 II. RECOGNITION V. DISTRIBUTION (ECONOMIC) CLAIMS. 32 III. ORIGIN STORY: LIBERALISM'S IDENTITY POLITICS. 35 A. A Post Civil War Frame?. 37 B. Distributional Claims & Advocacy, Multiculturalism & Colorblindness. 39 C. Same Ole Economics and White Supremacy. 42 D. Political Correctness and...; Search Snippet: ...prep time, nurses and counselors in every school. They put racial justice at the center of their demands, arguing for fair... 2020
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